Music Appreciation (Quiz 2) Flashcards Preview

Spring of 2012 > Music Appreciation (Quiz 2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Music Appreciation (Quiz 2) Deck (55):
0

Sacred music

Music for religious functions

1

Secular music

Music for nonreligious activities

2

Medium

Specific group that performs a piece

Orchestra
Chorus

3

Oral transmission

Music that is not written down but passed orally

4

Gregorian chant

Monophonic, non metric melodies

Early Christian church

5

Three categories of chant melodies

Syllabic, neumatic, melismatic

Based on how many notes are set to each syllable of the text

6

Mass

A daily service of the catholic church

Two categories of prayer
Proper
Ordinary

7

Responsorial performance

Alternating soloist and chorus

8

Organum

Earliest type of polyphony

9

Motet

Short piece of sacred choral music
Polyphonic
Unaccompanied

10

Syllabic

One note set to each syllable

11

Neumaticq

A few notes set to one syllable

12

Melismatic

Many notes set to one syllable

13

Hildegard of bingen

Sold to the church as a tithe
Raised by and as a recluse

14

Alleluia, o Virga mediatrix

Monophonic
Hildegard of bingen
Genre: Alleluia plainchant

15

Oblique

One voice is static and the other is moving

16

Contrary motion

The voices move in opposite directions

17

Troubadours
Trouveres
Minnesingers

Perform secular music in courts,
Wandering minstrels performed in cities

18

Secular song text

Idealized on love and values of chivalry

19

Secular songs and dances

Sung monophonically with instrumental accompaniment

20

Sumer is incumen in

Anonymous
Imitative

21

Shawm

Ancestor of the oboe

22

Hammered dulcimer
Rebec
Vielle

Bowed string instruments

23

Sackbut

Early trombone

24

Tabor
Nakers

Drums

25

Pope Marcellus mass, Gloria

Palestrina
Monophonic then homorythmic with some polyphony
Genre: Gloria

26

Two important secular genres

Chanson
Madrigal

27

Fair Phyllis

Farmer
Genre: English madrigal

28

Pavane

Stately court dance

29

Ronde

Round dance

30

Three dances

Susato
Genre: ronde

Danserye

31

Monody

Solo song with instrumental accompaniment

32

Basso continuo

Bass part played by two instruments
Harpsichord and cello

33

Figured bass

Indicated what chord was required so the performer can improvise

34

Equal temperament

Tuning system
Uses mathematically pure intervals

35

Castrato

Male singer castrated at boyhood to preserve the soprano or alto register of his voice

36

Opera

Large scale music drama that combines poetry, acting, scenery, costumes, singing, and instrumental music

37

Aria

Lyrical song

38

Recitatives

Speech like declamations of the text

39

Librettist

Writes the text of the opera

40

Overture

Instrumental number heard at the beginning of most operas

41

Sinfonias

Instrumental interludes during an opera

42

Libretto

Text or script of the opera

43

Masque

Entertainment that combined vocal and instrumental music with poetry and dance

44

Dido and aeneas

Purcell
Genre: opera

45

Horn pipe

Dance form often associated with sailors

46

Scotch snap

Reverse dotted figure

Short long

47

Ground bass

A repeated phrase that descends along the chromatic scale

48

Cantata

Multimovement works with solo arias, recitives, and choruses and orchestral accompiment

49

Chorale

Hymn tune sung in four part harmony

50

Oratorio

Large scale dramatic genre
Solo voices, chorus, and orchestra
No staging or costumes

51

Suite

A group of dances usually in the same key

Dances are
Allemande
Courante
Sarabande
Gigue

52

Ritornello

Reoccurring theme

53

Solo concerto

One instrument set against the orchestra

54

Concerto grosso

A group of instruments set against the orchestra

Decks in Spring of 2012 Class (56):