Music Appreciation (Quiz 2) Flashcards Preview

Spring of 2012 > Music Appreciation (Quiz 2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Music Appreciation (Quiz 2) Deck (55)
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0
Q

Secular music

A

Music for nonreligious activities

1
Q

Sacred music

A

Music for religious functions

2
Q

Medium

A

Specific group that performs a piece

Orchestra
Chorus

3
Q

Oral transmission

A

Music that is not written down but passed orally

4
Q

Gregorian chant

A

Monophonic, non metric melodies

Early Christian church

5
Q

Three categories of chant melodies

A

Syllabic, neumatic, melismatic

Based on how many notes are set to each syllable of the text

6
Q

Mass

A

A daily service of the catholic church

Two categories of prayer
Proper
Ordinary

7
Q

Responsorial performance

A

Alternating soloist and chorus

8
Q

Organum

A

Earliest type of polyphony

9
Q

Motet

A

Short piece of sacred choral music
Polyphonic
Unaccompanied

10
Q

Syllabic

A

One note set to each syllable

11
Q

Neumaticq

A

A few notes set to one syllable

12
Q

Melismatic

A

Many notes set to one syllable

13
Q

Hildegard of bingen

A

Sold to the church as a tithe

Raised by and as a recluse

14
Q

Alleluia, o Virga mediatrix

A

Monophonic
Hildegard of bingen
Genre: Alleluia plainchant

15
Q

Oblique

A

One voice is static and the other is moving

16
Q

Contrary motion

A

The voices move in opposite directions

17
Q

Troubadours
Trouveres
Minnesingers

A

Perform secular music in courts,

Wandering minstrels performed in cities

18
Q

Secular song text

A

Idealized on love and values of chivalry

19
Q

Secular songs and dances

A

Sung monophonically with instrumental accompaniment

20
Q

Sumer is incumen in

A

Anonymous

Imitative

21
Q

Shawm

A

Ancestor of the oboe

22
Q

Hammered dulcimer
Rebec
Vielle

A

Bowed string instruments

23
Q

Sackbut

A

Early trombone

24
Q

Tabor

Nakers

A

Drums

25
Q

Pope Marcellus mass, Gloria

A

Palestrina
Monophonic then homorythmic with some polyphony
Genre: Gloria

26
Q

Two important secular genres

A

Chanson

Madrigal

27
Q

Fair Phyllis

A

Farmer

Genre: English madrigal

28
Q

Pavane

A

Stately court dance

29
Q

Ronde

A

Round dance

30
Q

Three dances

A

Susato
Genre: ronde

Danserye

31
Q

Monody

A

Solo song with instrumental accompaniment

32
Q

Basso continuo

A

Bass part played by two instruments

Harpsichord and cello

33
Q

Figured bass

A

Indicated what chord was required so the performer can improvise

34
Q

Equal temperament

A

Tuning system

Uses mathematically pure intervals

35
Q

Castrato

A

Male singer castrated at boyhood to preserve the soprano or alto register of his voice

36
Q

Opera

A

Large scale music drama that combines poetry, acting, scenery, costumes, singing, and instrumental music

37
Q

Aria

A

Lyrical song

38
Q

Recitatives

A

Speech like declamations of the text

39
Q

Librettist

A

Writes the text of the opera

40
Q

Overture

A

Instrumental number heard at the beginning of most operas

41
Q

Sinfonias

A

Instrumental interludes during an opera

42
Q

Libretto

A

Text or script of the opera

43
Q

Masque

A

Entertainment that combined vocal and instrumental music with poetry and dance

44
Q

Dido and aeneas

A

Purcell

Genre: opera

45
Q

Horn pipe

A

Dance form often associated with sailors

46
Q

Scotch snap

A

Reverse dotted figure

Short long

47
Q

Ground bass

A

A repeated phrase that descends along the chromatic scale

48
Q

Cantata

A

Multimovement works with solo arias, recitives, and choruses and orchestral accompiment

49
Q

Chorale

A

Hymn tune sung in four part harmony

50
Q

Oratorio

A

Large scale dramatic genre
Solo voices, chorus, and orchestra
No staging or costumes

51
Q

Suite

A

A group of dances usually in the same key

Dances are
Allemande
Courante
Sarabande
Gigue
52
Q

Ritornello

A

Reoccurring theme

53
Q

Solo concerto

A

One instrument set against the orchestra

54
Q

Concerto grosso

A

A group of instruments set against the orchestra

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