Nutrition Module 8: Micronutrients Review Flashcards Preview

SMP - MNE Exam 2 > Nutrition Module 8: Micronutrients Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Module 8: Micronutrients Review Deck (194)
Loading flashcards...
151

What amount of protein will provide all essential AAs in enough amounts?

0.8 g/kg

152

What groups of people may require more proteins than normal? 3

1. Elderly
2. Athletes
3. Premature babies

153

Which AAs are important energy fuel for muscle?

Branched ones: valine, isoleucine and leucine

154

Pro-vitamin A carotenoids: 3 examples and 2 functions?

Eg: beta/alpha-carotene, cryptoxanthin
1. Vision (RETINAL)
2. Growth (RETINOL/RETINOIC ACID)

155

3 examples of non-provitamin A carotenoids?

1. Lycopene
2. Lutein
3. Zeaxanthin

156

What are the 3 potential nutritional deficiency when pallor is noticed?

1. Iron
2. Folate
3. Vitamin B12

157

What is the potential nutritional deficiency when ascites is noticed?

Protein

158

What are the 2 potential nutritional deficiencies when peripheral subcutaneous tissue edema is noticed?

1. Protein
2. Thiamin

159

What is the potential nutritional deficiency when myxedema is noticed?

Iodine

160

What is myxedema?

Puffy eyes, non-pitting edema

161

What are the 2 potential nutritional deficiencies when goiter is noticed?

1. Iodine
2. Selenium

162

What are the 5 potential nutritional deficiency when impaired wound healing or pressure ulcer is noticed?

1. Energy
2. Protein
3. Vitamin C
4. Vitamin A
5. Trace elements

163

in a child presenting with failure to thrive, you should assess for which dietary components?

1. Energy
2. Protein
3. Vitamins
4. Trace elements

164

Niacin: deficiency? 2

1. Local hyperpigmentation w/o UV exposure
2. Icthyosis

165

What 4 nutrient deficiencies can cause koilonychia = spoon nails?

1. Iron
2. Zinc
3. Copper
4. Protein

166

What nutritional deficiencies cause banded hair-color variation?

Protein/energy

167

What 7 nutritional deficiencies be caused by glossitis = beeffy red tongue?

1. Energy
2. Protein
3. Riboflavin
4. Iron
5. Vitamin B12
6. Folate
7. Niacin

168

What deficiency causes magenta tongue?

Riboflavin

169

What deficiency causes scarlet, raw tongue?

Niacin

170

What deficiency causes swollen tongue with submucosal bleeding?

Vitamin C

171

What deficiency causes pale, spongy, receding, bleeding gums?

Vitamin C

172

What is pernicious anemia? What is it due to?

VB12 deficiency due to autoimmune attack on intrinsic factor or life-long lack of minimal intakes

173

What is Beriberi due to? Symptoms?

Thiamin deficiency

Symptoms: cardiac or neural pathologies

174

What does beriberi with edema point to?

Cardiac = wet Beriberi

175

What are the 6 symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome?

1. Polyneuropathy
2. Oculomotor palsy
3. Paresis
4. Ataxia
5. Confusion with confabulation
6. Disorientation

176

What is xerophtalmia due to? 3 symptoms?

Vitamin A deficiency
Symptoms:
1. Bidot's spots
2. Corneal ulcers
3. Keratomalacia

177

Deficiency of which 2 nutrients can cause angular cheilosis?

1. Riboflavin
2. Iron

178

What is the alarm threshold for folate deficiency?

Fewer than 3 servings of folate rich foods

179

What is the alarm threshold for Vitamin B6 deficiency?

Fewer than 3 servings of VB6 rich foods

180

What is the alarm threshold for Vitamin B12 deficiency?

Fewer than 1 serving of VB12 rich foods