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Flashcards in Observational learning introduction Deck (13):

Define: observational learning

a type of learning that occurs when someone watches or listens to a model’s actions and their consequences to guide future behaviours.


Define: model

Who or what is being observed


2 types of models?

live models and symbolic models


Define: live model

A real-life person who demonstrates or explains a behaviour


Define: symbolic model

Real or fictional characters in the media who displays the behaviour


What is observational learning aka as? Why?

modelling: because we watch and imitate models


Explain how we acquire behaviour in observational learning?

We are INDIRECTLY conditioned(vicarious conditioing) by observing another's conditioning (we don't personally experience the behaviour or consequences)


Define: vicarious conditioning

a person observes the model’s behaviour being reinforced or punished; they subsequently replicate, modify or refrain from the behaviour.


Define: vicarious reinforcement

when the model’s observed behaviour is reinforced, an observer is more likely to replicate their behaviour.


Define: vicarious punishment

when the model’s observed behaviour is punished, an observer is less likely to replicate the behaviour.


How active is observational learning?

MORE ACTIVE than operant or classical conditioning


WHy is observational learning known as the bridge between conditioning theories and contemporary cognitive learning theories?

it involves cognitive processes (attention, memory and motivation) and learning processes (conditioning, reinforcement and punishment).


Can a person acquire a behaviour but not perform it?

Yes; however giving them reinforcement when this happens makes it more likely to perform it.