Operant conditioning: key processes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Operant conditioning: key processes Deck (14):
1

Define: acquisition

the overall process in which a response is conditioned by its association with its consequences

2

How can behaviours which are too difficult to acquire at once be acquired?

through shaping

3

are responses that are acquired usually more complex in oc or cc?

OC

4

What does the response acqusition rate depend on?

The schedule of reinforcement

5

Define: extinction

Following consistent non-reinforcement of a response, there is a gradual decrease in the strength of the response

6

The effect of continuous reinforcement on extinction?

The response may increase in intitial phases: after learning the response always provides reinforcement, there might be a reluctance to stop the behaviour

7

The effect of partial reinforcement on extinction?

(the uncertainty of whether the reinforcement occurs keeps them providing the response steadily)

8

Define: spontaneous recovery

After apparent extinction, a response will occur in the absence of reinforcement

9

What happens to the strength of the response in spontaneous recovery?

Weakens - lasts for less

10

In spontaneous recovery, what happens to the strength of the response as the length of time since extinction increases?

It actually increases.

11

Define: stimulus generalisation

When the correct response is made to a similar stimulus to the reinforced stimulus

12

Describe the strength of the response in stimulus generalisation

Weaker

13

What makes stimulus generalisation more likely to occur?

The greater the similarity between the stimuli.

14

Define: stimulus discrimination

When the correct response is made to the discriminative stimulus ONLY.