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Medical Terminology > Ophthalmology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ophthalmology Deck (127)
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1
Ophthalmology

sclera

outer protective layer of the eye; the portion seen on the anterior portion of the eyeball is referred to as the white of eye

2
Ophthalmology

cornea

transparent anterior part of the sclera, which is anterior to aqueous humor and lies over the iris. It allows the light rays to enter the eye

3
Ophthalmology

choroid

middle layer of the eye, which in interlaced with many blood vessels that supple nutrient to the eyes

4
Ophthalmology

iris

the pigmented muscular structure that regulates the amount of ligh entering the eye by controlling the size of the pupil

5
Ophthalmology

pupil

opening in the center of the iris

6
Ophthalmology

lens

lies directly behind the pupil; its function is to focus and bend light

7
Ophthalmology

retina

innermost layer of the eye, which contains the vision receptors

8
Ophthalmology

aqueous humor

watery liquid found in teh anterior cavity of the eye. It providdes nourishment to nearby structures and maintains shape in the anterior part of the eye

9
Ophthalmology

vitreous humor

jellylike substance found behind the lens in the posterior cavity of the eye that maintains its shape

10
Ophthalmology

meibomian glands

oil glands found in the upper and lower edges of th eyelids that help lubricate the eye

11
Ophthalmology

lacrimal glands and ducts

produce and drain tears

12
Ophthalmology

optic nerves

carries visual impulses from the retina to the brain

13
Ophthalmology

conjunctiva

mucous membrane lining the eyelids and covering the anterior portion of the sclera

14
Ophthalmology

blephar/o

eyelid

15
Ophthalmology

cor/o, core/o, pupil/o

pupil

16
Ophthalmology

corne/o, kerat/o

cornea

17
Ophthalmology

dacry/o, lacrim/o

tear, tear duct

18
Ophthalmology

ir/o, irid/o

iris

19
Ophthalmology

ocul/o, ophthalm/o

eye

20
Ophthalmology

opt/o

vision

21
Ophthalmology

phac/o, phak/o

lens

22
Ophthalmology

retin/o

retina

23
Ophthalmology

scler/o

sclera

24
Ophthalmology

cry/o

cold

25
Ophthalmology

dipl/o

two, double

26
Ophthalmology

is/o

equal

27
Ophthalmology

phot/o

light

28
Ophthalmology

ton/o

tension, pressure

29
Ophthalmology

bi-, bin-

two

30
Ophthalmology

-opia

vision (condition)