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Flashcards in Urinary System Deck (136)
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1
Urinary System

kidneys

Two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the vertebral column on the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity behind the parietal peritoneum. Their function is to remove waste products from the blodd and to aid in maintaining water and electrolyte balance

2
Urinary System

nephron

urine-producing microscopic structure. Approximately 1 million nephrons are located in each kidney.

3
Urinary System

glomerulus (pl. glomeruli)

cluster of capillaries at the entrance of the nephron. the process of filtering the blood, thereby forming urine, begins here.

4
Urinary System

renal pelvis

funnel-shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the kidney

5
Urinary System

hilum

indentation on the medial side of the kindy where the ureter leaves the kidney

6
Urinary System

ureters

two slender tubes, approxiamtely 10 to 13 inches long, that receive the urine from the kidneys and carry it to the posterior portion of the bladder

7
Urinary System

urinary bladder

muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine. As it fills, the thick, muscular wall becomes thinner, and the organ increases in size.

8
Urinary System

urethra

lowest part of the urinary tract, through which the urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body.

9
Urinary System

urinary meatus

opening through which the urine passes to the outside

10
Urinary System

cysto, vesic/o

bladder, sac

11
Urinary System

glomerul/o

glomerulus

12
Urinary System

meat/o

meatus (opening)

13
Urinary System

nephr/o, ren/o

kidney

14
Urinary System

pyel/o

renal pelvis

15
Urinary System

ureter/o

ureter

16
Urinary System

urethr/o

urethra

17
Urinary System

albumin/o

albumin

18
Urinary System

azot/o

urea, nitrogen

19
Urinary System

blast/o

developing cell, germ cell

20
Urinary System

glyc/o, glycos/o

sugar

21
Urinary System

hydr/o

water

22
Urinary System

lith/o

stone, calculus

23
Urinary System

noct/i

night

24
Urinary System

olig/o

scanty, few

25
Urinary System

son/o

sound

26
Urinary System

tom/o

cut, section

27
Urinary System

urin/o, ur/o

urine, urinary tract

28
Urinary System

-gram

record, radiographic image

29
Urinary System

-iasis, -esis

condition

30
Urinary System

-lysis

loosening, dissolution, separating