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Flashcards in Respiratory System Deck (223)
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1
Q
Respiratory System
adenoiditis
A
inflammation of the adenoids
2
Q
Respiratory System
alveolitis
A
inflammation of the alveolus
3
Q
Respiratory System
atelectasis
A
incomplete expansion of the lung or portion of the lung
4
Q
Respiratory System
bronchiectasis
A
dilation of the bronchi
5
Q
Respiratory System
bronchitis
A
inflammation of the bronchi
6
Q
Respiratory System
bronchogenic carcinoma
A
cancerous tumor originating in a bronchus
7
Q
Respiratory System
bronchopneumonia
A
diseased state of the bronchi and lungs (normally caused by infection)
8
Q
Respiratory System
diaphragmatocele (di-a-frag-MAT-o-sel)
A
Hernia of the diaphragm
9
Q
Respiratory System
Epiglottitis
A
inflammation of the epiglottis
10
Q
Respiratory System
hemothorax
A
blood in the chest (pleural space)
11
Q
Respiratory System
laryngitis
A
inflammation of the larynx
12
Q
Respiratory System
laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB) *la-ring-go-tra-ke-o-bron-KI-tos*
A
inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi (the acute form is called croup)
13
Q
Respiratory System
lobar pneumonia
A
pertianing to the lobes, diseased state of the lung
14
Q
Respiratory System
nasopharyngitis
A
inflammation of the nose and pharynx
15
Q
Respiratory System
pansinusitis
A
inflammation of the sinus
16
Q
Respiratory System
pharyngitis
A
inflammation of the pharynx
17
Q
Respiratory System
pleuritis
A
inflammation of the pleura
18
Q
Respiratory System
pneumatocele
A
hernia of the lung
19
Q
Respiratory System
pneumoconiosis
A
abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
20
Q
Respiratory System
pneumonia
A
diseased state of the lung
21
Q
Respiratory System
pneumonitis
A
inflammation of the lung
22
Q
Respiratory System
pneumothorax
A
air in the chest (pleural space), which causes collapse of the lung
23
Q
Respiratory System
pulmonary neoplasm
A
pertaining to the lung, new growth (tumor)
24
Q
Respiratory System
pyothorax
A
pus in the chest
25
Q
Respiratory System
rhinitis
A
inflammation of the nose
26
Q
Respiratory System
rhinomycosis
A
abnormal condition of fungus in the nose
27
Q
Respiratory System
rhinorrhagia
A
rapid flow of blood from the nose
28
Q
Respiratory System
thoracalgia
A
pain in the chest
29
Q
Respiratory System
tonsillitis
A
inflammation of the tonsils
30
Q
Respiratory System
tracheitis
A
inflammation of the trachea
31
Q
Respiratory System
tracheostenosis
A
narrowing of the trachea
32
Q
Respiratory System
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
A
respiratory failure as a result of disease or injury
33
Q
Respiratory System
asthma
A
respiratory disease chracterized by paroxysms of coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath, which is caused by constriction of airways that is reversible between attacks
34
Q
Respiratory System
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
A
a progressive lung disease that resticts the air flow, which makes breathing difficult. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two main compnents of COPD
35
Q
Respiratory System
coccidiodomycosis
A
fungal disease affecting the lungs and sometimes other organs of the body
36
Q
Respiratory System
cor pulmonale
A
serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders, such as emphysema
37
Q
Respiratory System
croup
A
condition resulting from acute obstruction of the larynx
38
Q
Respiratory System
cystic fibrosis
A
hereditary disorder of exocrine glands characterized by excess mucus production in the respiratory tract pancreatic deficiency, and other symptoms
39
Q
Respiratory System
deviated septum
A
one part of the nasal cavity is smalller because of malformation or injury of the nasal cavity
40
Q
Respiratory System
emphysema
A
stretching of the lung tissuecaused by the alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity
41
Q
Respiratory System
epistaxis
A
nosebleed
42
Q
Respiratory System
influenza
A
highly infectious respiratory disease caused by a virus
43
Q
Respiratory System
legionnaire disease
A
a lobar pneumonia caused by the bacterium legionella pneuophila
44
Q
Respiratory System
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
A
repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep, which leads to absenceof breathing; can produce daytime drowsiness and elevated blood pressure
45
Q
Respiratory System
Pertussis
A
Highly contagious bacterial infection of the respiratory tract characterized by an acute crowing inspiration, or whoop (also called whooping cough)
46
Q
Respiratory System
pleural effusion
A
fluid in the pleural space caused by a disease process or trauma
47
Q
Respiratory System
pulmonary edema
A
fluid accumulation in the alveoli and bronchioles
48
Q
Respiratory System
pulmonary embolism (PE)
A
matter forgein to the circulation, carried to the pulmonary artery and its branches, where it blocks circulation to the lungs and can be fatal if of sufficient size or number.
49
Q
Respiratory System
Tuberculosis
A
an infectious disease, caused by an acid-fast bacillus, most commonly spread by inhalation of small particles and usually affecting the lungs
50
Q
Respiratory System
upper respiratory infection (URI)
A
infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx (commonly called a cold)
51
Q
Respiratory System
Adenoidectomy
A
excision of the adenoids
52
Q
Respiratory System
adenotome
A
surgical instrument used to cut the adenoids
53
Q
Respiratory System
bronchoplasty
A
surgical repair of a bronchus
54
Q
Respiratory System
laryngectomy
A
excision of the larynx
55
Q
Respiratory System
laryngoplasty
A
surgical repair of the larynx
56
Q
Respiratory System
laryngostomy
A
creation of an artifical opening into the larynx
57
Q
Respiratory System
laryngotracheotomy
A
incision of the larynx and trachea
58
Q
Respiratory System
lobectomy
A
excision of a lobe (of the lung)
59
Q
Respiratory System
pleuropexy
A
surgical fixation of the pleura
60
Q
Respiratory System
pneumobronchotomy
A
incision of lung and bronchus
61
Q
Respiratory System
pneumonectomy
A
excision of a lung
62
Q
Respiratory System
rhinoplasty
A
surgical repair of the nose
63
Q
Respiratory System
septoplasty
A
incision into the nasal septum
64
Q
Respiratory System
sinusotomy
A
incision of a sinus
65
Q
Respiratory System
thoracocentesis
A
surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity
66
Q
Respiratory System
thoracotomy
A
incision in the chest cavity
67
Q
Respiratory System
tonsillectomy
A
excision of the tonsils
68
Q
Respiratory System
tracheoplasty
A
surgical repair of the trachea
69
Q
Respiratory System
tracheostomy
A
creation of an artifical opening into the trachea
70
Q
Respiratory System
tracheotomy
A
incision of the trachea
71
Q
Respiratory System
bronchoscope
A
instrument used for visual examination of the bronchi
72
Q
Respiratory System
bronchoscopy
A
visual examination of the bronchi
73
Q
Respiratory System
endoscope
A
instrument used for visual examination within
74
Q
Respiratory System
endoscopic
A
pertaining to visual examination within
75
Q
Respiratory System
endoscopy
A
visual examination within
76
Q
Respiratory System
laryngoscope
A
instrument used for visual examination of the larynx
77
Q
Respiratory System
laryngoscopy
A
visual examination of the larynx
78
Q
Respiratory System
capnometer
A
instrument used to measure carbon dioxide
79
Q
Respiratory System
oximeter
A
instrument used to measure oxygen
80
Q
Respiratory System
spirometer
A
instrument used to measure breathing (or lung volume)
81
Q
Respiratory System
spriometry
A
a measurement of breathing (lung volume)
82
Q
Respiratory System
polysomnography (PSG)
A
process of recording many tests during sleep
83
Q
Respiratory System
chest computed tomography (CT) scan
A
computerized images of the chest created in sections sliced from front to back. Performed to diagnose tumors, abscesses, and pleural effusion. Computed tomography is used to visualize other body parts such as the abdomen and the brain.
84
Q
Respiratory System
Chest radiograph (CXR)
A
a radiographic image of the chest performed to evaluate the lungs and the heart (also called a chest x-ray)
85
Q
Respiratory System
ventilation-perfusion scanning (VPS)
A
a nuclear medicine precedure performed to diagnose a pulmonary embolism and other conditions
86
Q
Respiratory System
acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear
A
a test performed on septum to determine the presence of acid-fast bacilli, which cause tuberculosis
87
Q
Respiratory System
arterial blood gases (ABGs)
A
a test performed on arterial blood to determine levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other gases present
88
Q
Respiratory System
peak flow meter (PFM)
A
a portable instrument used to measure how fast air can be pushed out the lung; used to help monitor asthma and adjust medication accordingly
89
Q
Respiratory System
pulmonary function test (PFTs)
A
a group of tests performed to measure breathing and used to determing respiratory function
90
Q
Respiratory System
pulse oximetry
A
a noninvasive method of measuring oxygen in the blood by using a device that attaches to the finertip
91
Q
Respiratory System
auscultation
A
the act of listening for sounds within the body through a stethoscope.
92
Q
Respiratory System
percussion
A
the act of tapping of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density of te part beneath by the sound obtained. The dull sound indicates the presence of fluid in a body space or cavity such as in the pleural space
93
Q
Respiratory System
PPD (purified protein derivative) skin test
A
a test performed on individuals who have recently been exposed to tuberculosis.
94
Q
Respiratory System
stethoscope
A
an instrument used to hear internal body sounds; used for performing auscultation and blood pressure measurement
95
Q
Respiratory System
acapnia
A
condition of absence (less than normal level) of carbon dioxide (in the blood)
96
Q
Respiratory System
alveolar
A
pertaining to the alveolus
97
Q
Respiratory System
anoxia
A
condition of the absence (deficiency) of oxygen
98
Q
Respiratory System
aphonia
A
condition of absence of voice
99
Q
Respiratory System
apnea
A
absence of breathing
100
Q
Respiratory System
bronchoalveolar
A
pertaining to the bronchi and alveoli
101
Q
Respiratory System
bronchospasm
A
spasmodic contraction in the bronchi
102
Q
Respiratory System
diaphragmatic
A
pertaining to the diaphragm
103
Q
Respiratory System
dysphonia
A
condition of difficult speaking (voice)
104
Q
Respiratory System
dyspnea
A
difficult breathing
105
Q
Respiratory System
endotracheal
A
pertaining to within the trachea
106
Q
Respiratory System
eupnea
A
normal breathing
107
Q
Respiratory System
hypercapnia
A
condition of excess carbon dioxide (in the blood)
108
Q
Respiratory System
hypernea
A
exessive breathing
109
Q
Respiratory System
hypocapnia
A
condition of deficient carbon dioxide (in the blood)
110
Q
Respiratory System
hyponea
A
deficient breathing
111
Q
Respiratory System
hypoxemia
A
condition of deficient oxygen in the blood
112
Q
Respiratory System
hypoxia
A
condition of deficient oxyen (to the tissue)
113
Q
Respiratory System
intrapleural
A
pertaining to within the pleura (space between the two pleural membranes)
114
Q
Respiratory System
laryngeal
A
pertaining to the larynx
115
Q
Respiratory System
laryngospasm
A
spasmodic contraction of the larynx
116
Q
Respiratory System
mucoid
A
resembling mucus
117
Q
Respiratory System
mucous
A
pertaining to mucus
118
Q
Respiratory System
nasopharyngeal
A
pertaining to the nose and pharynx
119
Q
Respiratory System
orthopnea
A
able to breathe easier in a straight (upright) position
120
Q
Respiratory System
phrenalgia
A
pain in the diaphragm
121
Q
Respiratory System
phrenospasm
A
spasm of the diaphragm
122
Q
Respiratory System
pulmonary
A
pertaining to the lungs
123
Q
Respiratory System
pulmonologist
A
a physician who studies and treats diseases of the lung
124
Q
Respiratory System
pulmnology
A
study of the lung (a branch of medicine dealing with diseases of the lung)
125
Q
Respiratory System
rhinorrhea
A
discharge from the nose (as in a cold)
126
Q
Respiratory System
tachypnea
A
rapid breathing
127
Q
Respiratory System
thoracic
A
pertaining to the chest
128
Q
Respiratory System
airway
A
passageway by which air enters and leaves the lungs as well as a mechanical device used to keep the air passageway unobstructed
129
Q
Respiratory System
asphyxia
A
deprivation of oxygen for tissue usel suffocation
130
Q
Respiratory System
aspirate
A
to withdraw fluid or suction fluid; also to draw foreign material into the respiratory tract
131
Q
Respiratory System
bronchoconstrictor
A
agent causing narrowing of the bronchi
132
Q
Respiratory System
bronchodilator
A
agent causing the bronchi to widen
133
Q
Respiratory System
cough
A
sudden, noisy expulsion of air from the lungs
134
Q
Respiratory System
hiccup
A
sudden catching of breath with a spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm
135
Q
Respiratory System
hyperventilation
A
ventilation of the lungs beyond normal body needs
136
Q
Respiratory System
hypoventilation
A
ventilation of the lungs that does not fullfill the body's gas exchange needs
137
Q
Respiratory System
mucopurulent
A
containing both mucus and pus
138
Q
Respiratory System
mucus
A
slimy fluid secreted by the mucous membranes
139
Q
Respiratory System
nebulizer
A
device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for giving respiratory treatment
140
Q
Respiratory System
nosocomial infection
A
an infection acquired during hospitalization
141
Q
Respiratory System
paroxysm
A
periodic, sudden attack
142
Q
Respiratory System
patent
A
open, the opposite of closed or compromised, thus allowing passage of air, as in patent trachea and bronchi
143
Q
Respiratory System
sputum
A
muccous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
144
Q
Respiratory System
ventilator
A
mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing
145
Q
Respiratory System
ABGs
A
arterial blood gases
146
Q
Respiratory System
AFB
A
acid-fast bacilli
147
Q
Respiratory System
ARDS
A
acute respiratory distress syndrome
148
Q
Respiratory System
CF
A
cystic fibrosis
149
Q
Respiratory System
COPD
A
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
150
Q
Respiratory System
CT
A
computed tomography
151
Q
Respiratory System
CXR
A
chest radiograph
152
Q
Respiratory System
flu
A
influenza
153
Q
Respiratory System
LLL
A
left lower lobe
154
Q
Respiratory System
LTB
A
Laryngotracheobronchitis
155
Q
Respiratory System
LUL
A
Left Upper Lobe
156
Q
Respiratory System
OSA
A
obstructive sleep disorder
157
Q
Respiratory System
PE
A
pulmonary embolism
158
Q
Respiratory System
PFM
A
peak flow meter
159
Q
Respiratory System
PFTs
A
pulmonary function test
160
Q
Respiratory System
PSG
A
polysomnography
161
Q
Respiratory System
RLL
A
Right Lower Lobe
162
Q
Respiratory System
RML
A
Right Middle Lobe
163
Q
Respiratory System
RUL
A
Right Upper Lobe
164
Q
Respiratory System
SOB
A
shortness of breath
165
Q
Respiratory System
TB
A
tuberculosis
166
Q
Respiratory System
URI
A
Upper respiratory infection
167
Q
Respiratory System
VPS
A
ventilation-perfussion scanning
168
Q
Respiratory System
Lungs
A
two spongelike organs in the thoracic cavity. The right lung consists of three lobes and the left lung has two.
169
Q
Respiratory System
Pleura
A
Double folded serous membrane covering each lung and lining the thoracic cavity with a small spave between, called the pleural cavity, which contains serous fluid.
170
Q
Respiratory System
Diaphragm
A
muscular partition that seperates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity. It aids in the breathing process by contracting and pulling air in, then relaxing and pushing air out.
171
Q
Respiratory System
Mediastinum
A
space between te lungs. It contains the heart, esophagus, trachea, great blood vessels, and other structures.
172
Q
Respiratory System
Adenoid/o
A
Adenoids
173
Q
Respiratory System
alveol/o
A
alveolus
174
Q
Respiratory System
bronchi/o, bronch/o
A
bronchus
175
Q
Respiratory System
diaphragmat/o, phren/o
A
diaphragm
176
Q
Respiratory System
epiglott/o
A
epiglottis
177
Q
Respiratory System
laryng/o
A
larynx
178
Q
Respiratory System
lob/o
A
lobe
179
Q
Respiratory System
nas/o, rhin/o
A
nose
180
Q
Respiratory System
pharyng/o
A
pharynx
181
Q
Respiratory System
pleur/o
A
pleura
182
Q
Respiratory System
pneum/o, pneumat/o, pneumon/o
A
lung, air
183
Q
Respiratory System
pulmon/o
A
lung
184
Q
Respiratory System
sept/o
A
septum (wall off, fence)
185
Q
Respiratory System
sinus/o
A
sinus
186
Q
Respiratory System
thorac/o
A
thorax (chest)
187
Q
Respiratory System
tonsill/o
A
tonsil
188
Q
Respiratory System
atel/o
A
imperfect, incomplete
189
Q
Respiratory System
capn/o
A
carbon dioxide
190
Q
Respiratory System
hem/o, hemat/o
A
blood
191
Q
Respiratory System
muc/o
A
mucus
192
Q
Respiratory System
orth/o
A
straight
193
Q
Respiratory System
ox/i, ox/o
A
oxygen
194
Q
Respiratory System
phon/o
A
sound, voice
195
Q
Respiratory System
py/o
A
pus
196
Q
Respiratory System
somn/o
A
sleep
197
Q
Respiratory System
spir/o
A
breathe, breathing
198
Q
Respiratory System
a-, an-
A
absence of, without
199
Q
Respiratory System
endo-
A
within
200
Q
Respiratory System
eu-
A
normal, good
201
Q
Respiratory System
pan-
A
all, total
202
Q
Respiratory System
poly-
A
many, much
203
Q
Respiratory System
tachy-
A
fast, rapid
204
Q
Respiratory System
-algia
A
pain
205
Q
Respiratory System
-ar, -ary, -eal
A
pertaining to
206
Q
Respiratory System
-cele
A
hernia or protrusion
207
Q
Respiratory System
-centesis
A
surgical puncture to aspirate fluid (with a sterile needle)
208
Q
Respiratory System
-ectasis
A
stretching out, dilatation, expansion
209
Q
Respiratory System
-emia
A
blood condition
210
Q
Respiratory System
-graphy
A
process of recording, radiographic
211
Q
Respiratory System
-meter
A
insturment used to measure
212
Q
Respiratory System
-metry
A
measurement
213
Q
Respiratory System
-pexy
A
surgical fixation, suspension
214
Q
Respiratory System
-pnea
A
breathing
215
Q
Respiratory System
-rrhagia
A
rapid flow of blood
216
Q
Respiratory System
-scope
A
insturment used for visual examination
217
Q
Respiratory System
-scopic
A
pertianing to visual examination
218
Q
Respiratory System
-scopy
A
visual examination
219
Q
Respiratory System
-spasm
A
sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
220
Q
Respiratory System
-stenosis
A
constriction or narrowing
221
Q
Respiratory System
-stomy
A
creation of an artifical opening
222
Q
Respiratory System
-thorax
A
chest
223
Q
Respiratory System
-tomy
A
cut into or incision