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Flashcards in Organs Deck (32):
0

Pathway from the nose and mouth to the lungs.

Trachea

1

Transports food from the mouth to the stomach

Esophagus

2

Protect the thoracic cavity

Ribs

3

Expand the rib cage

Intercostal muscles

4

Produces bile and hormones

Liver

5

Stores bile

Gall bladder

6

Stores and digests food

Stomach

7

Stores and releases red blood cells into the the blood stream

Spleen

8

Produces digestive enzymes and insulin

Pancreas

9

Most digestion and nutrient absorption occurs

Small intestine

10

Move air from the pharynx to the trachea

Larynx

11

Absorbs water and excretes solid waste material

Large intestine

12

Filters water and waste from blood

Kidney

13

Drains a kidney.

Kidney ureter

14

Stores urine

Urinary bladder

15

Supplies oxygen to fetus

Umbilical artery

16

Produces and stores eggs

Ovary

17

Produces sperm

Testes

18

Major vein returning blood from the lower extremities and from the abdominal area

Posterior

19

Systemic vein above the heart.

Anterior

20

3 flaps and releases the blood from the left ventricle to the aorta

The aortic valve

21

Largest and strongest chamber, receives blood from the left atrium and pumps blood to the aorta via the aortic valve

Left ventricle

22

Receives blood from the right atrium via the tricuspid valve and releases the blood into the lungs to pick up oxygen via the pulmonary valve

Right ventricle

23

2 bottom chambers of the heart. Pump blood out of the heart to the body and lungs

Ventricles

24

Receives oxygenated blood from the Pulmonary veins and releases it into the left ventricle via the mitral valve

Left atrium

25

Receives blood returning from the body and releases it into the right ventricle via the tricuspid valve

Right atrium

26

The 2 top chambers of the heart. ____ receive the blood that has returned to the heart from the body and lungs.

Atria

27

Separates oral cavity from the nasal cavity

Hard palate

28

Separates oral cavity from the nasal cavity, except without a bone

Soft palate

29

Tastes and moves food in mouth

Tongue

30

Taste buds

Papillae

31

Prevents food from getting into the trachea

Epiglottis