Peds Flashcards Preview

Boards > Peds > Flashcards

Flashcards in Peds Deck (154)
Loading flashcards...
1

things that can be done at 2 months old

coos vowels, lifts head when prone, smiles

2

things that can be done at 6 months old

can transfer things from one hand to another, able to sit up without support, rolls supine to prone, can say baba or dada,

3

things that can be done at 9 months

plays peek-a-boo, feeds self, pulls self up to stand

4

things that can be done at 12 months

takes steps, wave "bye bye", says "mama" and "dada", uses sippy cup, can say 2-4 words, knows first name

5

things that can be done at 15 months

feeds self with spoon, knows 4-6 words, follow commands

6

things that can be done at 18 months

able to walk backwards, knows 10-20 words

7

avoid giving hard candy in children less than

6 years old

8

infants up to this age should be in a rear-facing car seat

age 2

9

physiologic jaundice starts at ____ and will clear up in _____

24 hours; 2-3 weeks

10

breast milk jaundice shows at ___ and can take up to ____ to clear

after 7 days; 1 month

11

things that can be done at 2 years old

speech understood by family, stacks 6 cubes, runs/jumps/climbs, walk up and down stairs

12

things that can be done at 3 years old

speech understood by stranger, can copy a circle (3=circle), can throw a ball overhead, rides a tricycle

13

When dooes the Oedipal stage (Freud) occur?

3-5 years old, the child wants to marry the parent

14

things that can be done at 5 years old

copies a square, can dress self

15

signs of autism can appear by

18 months

16

s/s of autism

does not wave by 12 months; no babbling by 12 months

17

things that can be done at 4 years old

can copy a cross (4 points on cross), hops on one foot

18

precocious puberty is puberty starts

before age 8 in girls; before age 9 in boys

19

delayed puberty if

no breast development by age 12 in girls; if not testicular growth by age 14 in boys

20

first sign of puberty in boys

enlargement of testes

21

first sign of puberty in girls

breast bud (thelarche)

22

Tanner stage III in boys is

elongation of penis

23

A genetic defect caused by trisomy of chromosome 21

Down's syndrome

24

s/s of Down's syndrome

round, flat face; palpebral fissures, low set ears, enlarged tongue, short neck

25

Those with Down syndrome have a high risk of

congenital heart defects, hearing and vision problems, cataracts, early onset Alzheimer

26

s/s of Fetal Alcohol syndrome

microcephaly, narrow eyes, flat nasal bridge, thin upper lip

27

cryptorchidism has a high risk of

testicular cancer

28

Any neonates with acute conjunctivitis presenting within 30 days or less from birth should be tested for

chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes simplex, and bacterial infection

29

s/s of gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum

red conjunctiva, purulent discharge, swollen eyelids

30

difference between gonococcal and chlamydial eye infection in newborns

gonococcal show within 2-4 days after birth; chlamydia show within 4-10 days after birth