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Flashcards in Women's health Deck (94)
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1

s/s of ectopic pregnancy

low back or abd pain/cramping

2

risk factors for ectopic pregnancy

hx of PID, hx of tubal ligation, previous ectopic pregnancy, IUD

3

hCG levels in ectopic pregnancy

rise at the same rate as normal pregnancy but plateau in 4-6 weeks

4

s/s of breast cancer

painless, firm, fixed mass; dimpling of skin (peau d'orange), nipple retraction, clear nipple discharge

5

risk factors for breast cancer

age greater than 50, first degree family hx, early menarche, late menopause, nulliparity, obesity, Jewish

6

s/s of Paget's disease (ductal carcinoma)

scaly, red rash on the nipple that doesn't heal; itchy

7

s/s of inflammatory breast cancer

acute onset of red, swollen, warm area in breast of young woman

8

risk factors for ovarian cancer

age greater than 60, hx of breast cancer, family hx

9

s/s of ovarian cancer

bloating, dyspepsia, abdominal pressure/pain, urinary frequency, constipation

10

Has been shown to decrease risk of ovarian cancer

OCP, multiparity, breastfeeding

11

women with hx of breast cancer have a high risk of

ovarian cancer

12

where the majority of breast cancer is located

tail of spence

13

bright red tissue with an irregular surface on top of the os; common in adolescents

cervical ectropion

14

s/s of uterine fibroids

heaving menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain/cramping, spotting

15

follicular phase (days 1-14)

FSH stimulates estrogen production that stimulates the growth of endometrial lining

16

Ovulatory phase (day 14)

LH is secreted

17

Luteal phase (days 14-18)

Progesterone is the predominant hormone that stabilizes the endometrial lining

18

Menstruation phase

If not pregnant, both estrogen and progesterone fall, causing menses

19

fertile time in a women is

5 days before and 1-2 days after ovulation (near day 14)

20

Menstrual cycle phases

follicular phase, ovulatory phase, luteal phase, menstruation

21

ASCUS result on pap

If woman less than 24, repeat pap in 1 year. If woman greater than 24, then order HPV reflex, if positive then colposcopy

22

monophasic pills (Loestrin 1/20)

21 consecutive days of same dose of estrogen and progesterone

23

Triphasic pills (Ortho Tri-cyclen)

21 days of active pills with hormones that vary every week

24

pills that can be adjunctively used for acne

triphasic (Ortho Tri-cyclen)

25

extended cycle pill (Seasonale)

contains 3 months of estrogen/progesterone with 7 day pill-free interval

26

Uses drospirenone (a spironolactone analog) instead of progestin. Used for women with acne, PCOS, hirsutism, or PMDD

Yaz or Yasmin

27

Yaz/Yasmin have ___ active pills and ___ placebo pills

24; 4

28

Yaz/Yasmin have a high risk of

hyperkalemia, DVT

29

OCP safe for breastfeeding women

progestin-only pill (minipill)

30

absolute contraindications of oral contraceptive pills mneumonic

My CUPLETS
My: migraines with focal neurologic aura
C: CAD or CVA
U: undiagnosed genital bleeding
P: pregnant
L: high LFTs
E: Estrogen-dependent tumor
T: thrombus or emboli
S: smoker age 35 or older