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Flashcards in ENT Deck (131)
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1

s/s of herpes keratitis

sever eye pain, photophobia, and blurred vision in one eye

2

herpes keratitis is diagnosed with

fernlike lines on corneal surface using flourescein dye

3

complication of herpes keratitis

corneal blindness

4

exam with acute angle-closure glaucoma reveals

mid-dilated pupil that's oval shaped, cloudy cornea

5

treatment for acute angle-closure glaucoma

medical emergency

6

s/s of acute vision loss

sudden onset of floaters or black dots, scotoma (retinal detachment), blurred vision, eye pain

7

s/s of cholesteatoma

"cauliflower-like" growth with foul-smelling discharge to ear; hearing loss

8

those with cholesteatoma often have a hx of

chronic otitis media infections

9

complication of cholesteatoma

can damage CN VII (facial)

10

treatment for cholesteatoma

atbx and surgical debridement, refer to ENT

11

acute onset of bruise behind ear over the mastoid area after recent trauma

Battle's sign

12

Battle's sign indicates

fracture of basilar skull

13

s/s of basilar skull fracture

Battle's sign, clear golden fluid discharge from ear or nose (CSF)

14

rare complication where a patient with a hx of sinus or facial infection will present with severe headache and high fever

cavernous sinus thrombosis

15

s/s of peritonsillar abscess

severe sore throat, difficulty swallowing, trismus, "hot- potato" voice, fever, one-sided swelling with uvula displaced

16

trx for peritonsillar abscess

refer to ED for I&D

17

sore throat, fever, swollen neck "bull neck", hoarsness, dysphagia with gray-yellow colored pharynx

diphtheria

18

the macula is responsible for

central vision

19

the area of the eye that determines 20/20 vision

fovea

20

cobblestoning inner conjunctiva can be seen in patients with

atopy, allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis

21

age-related vision change that causes difficulty focusing and ability to read print at close range

presbyopia

22

thickened, white patches inside of mouth that may be cancerous

leukoplakia

23

management for avulsed tooth

store in cool milk see refer to dentist ASAP

24

this kind of nystagmus is always abnormal

vertical

25

optic disc swelling with blurred edges d/t increased ICP

papilledema

26

finding with hypertensive retinopathy

copper and silver wire arterioles

27

finding with diabetic retinopathy

microaneurysms caused by neovascularization

28

chronic steroid use can cause

cataracts

29

"grain of salt" papules in the buccal mucosa

Koplik spots, appear with measles

30

mucosal lining inside eyelids

palpebral conjunctiva