Pelvis and Perineum, Topnotch Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Pelvis and Perineum, Topnotch > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pelvis and Perineum, Topnotch Deck (49):
1

The pubic tubercle is a bony projection at the superolateral border of what part of the pubic bone

Body

2

Male vs Female pelvis: Heavier

Male

3

Male vs Female pelvis: Rougher

Male

4

Male vs Female pelvis: Narrower sacrum

Male

5

Male vs Female pelvis: Greater sciatic notch shallower and wider

Female

6

Male vs Female pelvis: Iliac fossa shallower

Female

7

Male vs Female pelvis: Ischial spine more projecting

Male

8

Male vs Female pelvis: Ischial tuberosity inverted

Male

9

Male vs Female pelvis: Symphisis pubis longer

Male

10

Male vs Female pelvis: Subpubic angle wider and more rounded

Female

11

Male vs Female pelvis: Superior aperture heart-shaped

Male

12

Male vs Female pelvis: Major pelvis wider

Female

13

Male vs Female pelvis: Minor pelvis shallower and wider

Female

14

Male vs Female pelvis: Capacity of minor pelvis less

Male

15

Pelvic inlet measurements: From sacral promontory to superior margin of symphysis pubis

True conjugate diameter

16

Pelvic inlet measurements: From sacral promontory to inferior margin of symphysis pubis

Diagonal conjugate diameter

17

Measured during obstetric examination

Diagonal conjugate diameter

18

Pelvic outlet measurements: Distance between ischial tuberosities

Transverse diameter

19

Pelvic outlet measurements: Distance between ischial spines

Interspinous diameter

20

Interspinous diameter that may present as a barrier to the fetes during childbirth

Less than 9.5 cm

21

Types of pelvis: Most common

Gynecoid

22

Types of pelvis: Male

Android

23

Types of pelvis: Flattened anteroposteriorly

Platypelloid

24

Types of pelvis: Oval in shape

Anthropoid

25

Types of pelvis: AP diameter approximates transverse diameter

Gynecoid

26

Types of pelvis: Funnel-shaped

Android

27

Types of pelvis: Sacral promontory pushed forward

Platypelloid

28

Herniation of the bladder into the upper part of the anterior wall of the vagina causing urinary problems

Cystocele

29

A rectocele is usually found at what portion of the vagina

Lower part of posterior wall

30

T/F Levator ani is important in parturition

T

31

T/F Levator ani assists the abdominal musculature in increasing intraabdominal pressure

T

32

Superior vs inferior to pelvic outlet: Perineum

Inferior

33

Perineum: Separated from pelvic cavity by

Pelvic diaphragm

34

Perineum, boundaries: Anterior

Symphisis pubis

35

Perineum, boundaries: Anterolateral

Ischiopubic ramus

36

Perineum, boundaries: Lateral

Ischial tuberosities

37

Perineum, boundaries: Posterolateral

Sacrotuberous ligaments

38

Perineum, boundaries: Inferior

Sacrum and coccyx

39

Perineum, boundaries

A image thumb
40

Urogenital triangle: Contents in males

1) Root of scrotum and penis 2) Urogenital passages

41

Urogenital triangle: Contents in females

1) External genitalia 2) Orifices of urethra and vagina

42

Anal triangle: Contents

1) Anal canal 2) External anal sphincter 3) Ischioanal fossa

43

Ischioanal fossa: Shape

Wedge-shaped

44

Ischioanal fossa

A image thumb
45

Ischioanal fossa, boundaries: Base

Skin overlying the anal triangle

46

Ischioanal fossa, boundaries: Lateral

Obturator internus muscle and fascia

47

Ischioanal fossa, boundaries: Medial

Levator ani

48

Ischioanal fossa: Contents

1) Fats 2) Inferior rectal artery and vein 3) Inferior rectal nerve 4) Perineal branch of the femoral cutaneous nerve

49

Superficial perineal fascia: Continuation of

Colles fascia