Upper Extremity, Topnotch Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Upper Extremity, Topnotch Deck (102):
1

Axilla, boundaries: Posterior

Scapular 1) Subscapularis 2) Latissimus dorsi 3) Teres major

2

Axilla, boundaries: Medial

Costal 1) 2nd-6th rib and intercostal muscles 2) Serratus anterior

3

Axilla, boundaries: Lateral

Humeral 1) Humerus 2) Long and short heads of biceps brachia 3) Coracobrachialis

4

Axilla, boundaries: Apex

3 bones 1) Anterior: Clavicle 2) Posterior: Scapula 3) Medial: 1st rib

5

Axilla, boundaries: Base

Skin, subcutaneous fascia, and axillary fascia

6

The axillary fascia that covers the axillary sheath is a continuation of

Lateral prolongation of pre vertebral fascia

7

Axillary fascia extends up to

Elbow

8

Dislocation: Sudden violence applied to humerus with joint fully abducted tilts the humeral head downward into the inferior weak part

Anterior inferior dislocation

9

Dislocation: Rare dislocation of shoulder joint

Posterior

10

Shoulder joint: Most commonly affected tendon in inflammation

Supraspinatus tendon

11

Symptom of inflammation of supraspinatus tendon

Pain anterior and superior to shoulder on abduction

12

Nerve supply: Supraspinatus

Suprascapular

13

Nerve supply: Infraspinatus

Suprascapular

14

Nerve supply: Teres minor

Axillary

15

Nerve supply: Teres major

Lower subscapular

16

Nerve supply: Deltoid

Axillary

17

Actions at shoulder joint: Supraspinatus

Abductor

18

Actions at shoulder joint: Infraspinatus

Lateral rotator

19

Actions at shoulder joint: Teres minor

Lateral rotator

20

Actions at shoulder joint: Subscapularis

Medial rotator

21

Actions at shoulder joint: Deltoid

Abductor

22

Actions at shoulder joint: Teres major

Medial rotator

23

Triangular space, boundaries: Superior

Teres minor

24

Triangular space, boundaries: Inferior

Teres major

25

Triangular space, boundaries: Lateral

Long head of biceps brachii

26

Triangular space, boundaries: Contents

Circumflex scapular vessels

27

Forearm: Main flexor

Brachialis

28

Forearm: Main supinator

Biceps brachii

29

Forearm: Main extensor

Triceps brachii

30

Innervation of flexor muscles in forearm

Median nerve

31

Flexor muscles in forearm: Superficial group (4)

1) Pronator teres 2) Palmaris longus 3) Flexor carpi radialis 4) Flexor carpi ulnaris

32

Flexor muscles in forearm: Intermediate group

Flexor digitorum superficialis

33

Flexor muscles in forearm: Deep group (3)

1) Flexor digitorum profundus 2) Flexor palmaris longus 3) Pronator quadratus

34

2 flexor muscles in forearm not innervated by median nerve but by the ulnar nerve

1) Flexor carpi ulnaris 2) Flexor digitorum profundus

35

Foreram: Origin of common flexor tendon

Medial epicondyle of humerus

36

Common flexor tendon is common origin of which muscles

Superficial and intermediate group of forearm flexors

37

Nerve supply of extensors of forearm

Radial nerve

38

Extensors of forearm: Deep group

SEEEA 1) Supinator 2) EPB 3) EPL 4) EI 5) Abpolo

39

Foreram: Origin of common extensor tendon

Lateral epicondyle of humerus

40

Inflammation of common flexor tendon

golFer's elbow

41

Inflammation of common extensor tendon

Tennis elbow

42

Inflammation due to repetitive flexion and pronation of forearm at elbow

Golfer's elbow

43

Inflammation due to forced extension and flexion of forearm at elbow

Tennis elbow

44

Floor of cubital fossa

1) Brachialis 2) Supinator

45

Thenar muscles (3)

1) Abpobre 2) Flexpobre 3) Opponens pollicis

46

Thenar muscles are supplied by what nerve

Median

47

Adductor pollicis is supplied by what nerve

Ulnar

48

Intrinsic muscles of hand (3)

1) Palmar interossei 2) Dorsal interossei 3) Lumbricals

49

Flexors of the PIP

Flexor digitorum superficialis

50

Flexors of the DIP

Flexor digitorum profundus

51

Nerve to the flexor digitorum superficialis

Median nerve

52

Nerve to the flexor digitorum profundus

Median and ulnar nerve

53

Hypothenar muscles (3)

1) Abductor digiti minimi 2) Flexor digiti minimi 3) Opponens digiti minimi

54

Nerve to the hypothenar muscles

Ulnar nerve

55

Nerve roots of biceps brachii tendon reflex

C5,6

56

Reflex, nerve roots: Triceps tendon

C6,7,8

57

Reflex, nerve roots: Brachioradialis tendon

C5,6,7

58

In Erb-Duchenne syndrome, there is altered sensation where (4)

1) Lateral arm 2) Forearm 3) Thum 4) Index finger

59

Long thoracic nerve is most commonly injured at what site

As it courses superficial to the serratus anterior on the lateral wall of the thorax

60

Etiologies of long thoracic nerve lesion (3)

1) Thoracic surgery 2) Radical mastectomy 3) Stab wounds

61

Nerve injured: Difficulty in elevating the trunk as if attempting to climb

Thoracodorsal nerve

62

Nerve injured: Difficulty in using a crutch

Thoracodorsal nerve

63

Uncommon upper extremity nerve lesion

Musculocutaneous nerve

64

Action of forearm spared in radial nerve lesion

Extension

65

Lesion: Hand of Benediction

Median nerve

66

Lesion: Ape hand

Median nerve

67

Lesion: Claw hand

Ulnar nerve

68

Lesion: Lunate dislocation

Median nerve

69

First bone to begin ossification during feral development

Clavicle

70

Last bone to complete ossification

Clavicle

71

Clavicle completely ossifies at about what age

21

72

Clavicle: Weakest point

Junction between medial 2/3 end and lateral 1/3 end

73

Fracture of clavicle: Medial segment

Elevated by pull of SCM

74

Fracture of clavicle: Lateral segment

Displaced downward by gravity and pull of deltoid

75

Fracture of clavicle: Brachial plexus injury

Lower trunk

76

Brachial plexus: 5 rami are formed in the

Neck

77

Brachial plexus: 6 divisions are related to the

Clavicle

78

Brachial plexus: 3 cords are related to the

Axilla

79

Fracture of clavicle: Hemorrhage from what vessel

Subclavian vein

80

Radial fracture: Posterior displacement of distal segment

Colles fracture/dinner fork/silver fork deformity

81

Radial fracture: Anterior displacement of distal segment

Smith fracture

82

Anatomical snuffbox, boundaries: Lateral

Tendons of EPB and abpolo

83

Anatomical snuffbox, boundaries: Medial

Tendon of EPL

84

Anatomical snuffbox, boundaries: Floor

Scaphoid and trapezium

85

Anatomical snuffbox: What artery can be palpated

Radial artery

86

Pain and tenderness over the anatomical snuffbox indicates fracture of what bone

Scaphoid

87

Most commonly dislocated carpal bone

Lunate

88

Anteriorly vs posteriorly: Lunate is commonly dislocated

Anteriorly

89

Thickening and contracture of the palmar aponeurosis

Dupuytren's contracture

90

Fracture of the base of the first metacarpal

Bennet's

91

Oblique/transverse fracture of the necks of the 2nd and 3rd metacarpals (CDB: 4th and 5th)

Boxer's fracture

92

Oblique/transverse fracture of the necks of the 4th and 5th metacarpals

Bar room fracture

93

Triangular interval, boundaries: Superior

Teres major

94

Triangular interval, boundaries: Lateral

Lateral head of the triceps or the humerus

95

Triangular interval, boundaries: Medial

Long head of the triceps

96

Triangular interval, contents (2)

1) Profunda brachii artery 2) Radial nerve

97

Three important spaces of the shoulder that are bordered by the triceps (shoulder spaces)

A image thumb
98

Muscular contents of anterior compartment of leg

A image thumb
99

Anterior compartment of leg, neurovascular contents

A image thumb
100

Lateral compartment of leg, contents

A image thumb
101

Superficial posterior compartment of leg, contents

A image thumb
102

Deep posterior compartment of leg, contents

A image thumb