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Flashcards in MESH POOL Deck (87):
1

Secretes PTH

Oxyphil cells

2

How many parathyroid glands are there

4

3

Major blood supply to the 4 parathyroid glands

Inferior thyroid artery

4

Sea-blue histiocytes

CML

5

Wrist drop, site of fracture

Middle 3rd of humerus

6

Blood supply of appendix

Posterior cecal artery

7

Patient was stabbed and liver was hit, which artery should be occluded to avoid extensive hemorrhage

Hepatic artery

8

Gallstone blocking the distal CBD, where should the catheter be inserted

Proximal CBD

9

Pain fibers in appendicitis, dermatome

T10

10

Dermatome level of umbilicus

T10

11

Blunt Trauma, (intravenous pyelography), showing extravasation into the peritoneal cavity and high-lighting of the bowel loops, bladder wall to be least likely affected

Trigone

12

Morrison’s Pouch

Between liver and right kidney

13

Arises from the membranous urethra

Bulbourethral glands/Glands of Cowper

14

Left testis is lower, because it is drained by what vessel

Left Renal Vein

15

Patient in vehicular accident and hit his head; lost consciousness, and regained it few minutes later; again deteriorated and was comatose upon arrival in the ER

Middle Meningeal Artery

16

Esophageal perforations and surgical repairs / anastomoses are prone to leakage due to the absence of

Serosa

17

Strongest layer of the GIT vital for repairs and anastomoses

Submucosa

18

If the patient went into full-blown SBO, which would most likely rupture?

Cecum

19

Muscle involved in lateral epicondylitis

Extensor carpi radialis brevis

20

Posterior descending artery of the heart aka posterior interventricular artery runs at

Posterior interventricular sulcus to the apex

21

Posterior descending artery of the heart meets the ___ at the apex

Anterior interventricular artery

22

Posterior descending artery of the heart is a branch of

Right coronary artery

23

T/F Visceral mesoderm of the trachea gives rise to bone

F

24

Visceral mesoderm of the trachea gives rise to

1) Cartilage 2) Soft tissue 3) Muscle

25

Derivatives of the foregut

1) Trachea, respiratory tract, lungs 2) Esophagus, stomach, upper duodenum 3) Liver, gallbladder and bile ducts, pancreas (dorsal and ventral)

26

Derivatives of hindgut

1) Distal 1/3 of transverse colon up to upper anal canal 2) Urogenital sinus

27

Why is the sigmoid colon the MC site of volvulus

Increased mobility due to long mesentery

28

Blood volume in the lungs

9% (~450 mL)

29

Boot shaped heart of tof

RVH

30

Layer of the skin that contains melanocytes

Stratum germinativum

31

Epidydymis – where felt / palpated

Posterolateral border of each testis

32

MC site flask shaped ulcer?

Ascending colon

33

Prostatic zone that comprises majority of the prostate gland

Peripheral zone (~70%; transition 10-20%; central 5-10%)

34

Prostatic zone which is the MC site of cancer

Peripheral zone/posterior lobe

35

Prostatic zone that surrounds the ejaculatory ducts

Central zone

36

Prostatic zone that harbors the most aggressive type of prostatic CA

Central zone (invade seminal vesicles)

37

Prostatic zone that surrounds the prostatic urethra

Transitional zone

38

Prostatic zone that is the MC site of BPH

Transitional zone/median lobe

39

Prostatic zone that is devoid of glandular components

Anterior zone

40

The posterior surface of the prostate is separated from the rectal ampulla by

Denonvilliers’ fascia

41

Name the fracture: Fall on outstretched hand

Colle

42

Name the fracture: Silver-fork deformity

Colle

43

Name the fracture: Reverse Colles

Smith

44

Name the fracture: Anterior dislocation of distal radius

Smith

45

Name the fracture: Posterior dislocation of distal radius

Colle

46

Name the fracture: PROXIMAL 3RD OF ULNA + RADIAL HEAD DISLOCATION

Monteggia

47

Name the fracture: FX OF RADIUS @ JUNCTION OF MIDDLE & DISTAL 3RDS + DISRUPTION OF RADIOULNAR JOINTS

Galleazzi

48

Name the fracture: Isolated fracture of the ulna, typically in the mid- diaphysis, usually resulting from a direct blow

Nightstick

49

Name the fracture: Small finger

Boxer

50

Name the fracture: BASE OF 1ST METACARPAL

BENNETT’S FRACTURE

51

Name the fracture: Involves the ULNAR COLLATERAL LIGAMENT OF THUMB

GAMEKEEPER’S THUMB

52

UNHAPPY TRIAD O'Donoghue's triad or a " blown knee"

ACL, MCL, Medial meniscus

53

If the medial border of the cubital fossa is severed by a knife, which of the following structure most
likely suffers damage?

Pronator teres

54

Wrist drop

Radial nerve

55

Claw hand

Ulnar nerve

56

Fracture of the surgical neck of humerus

Axillary nerve

57

Supracondylar ridge of humerus

Median nerve

58

Medial epicondyle of humerus

Ulnar nerve

59

The trachea extends from

Lower border of the cricoid cartilage in the neck to approximately the level of the sternal angle

60

Having inserted approximately 11-12cm. of the catheter, you note some difficulty in insertion. The catheter tip is most probably in what part of the urinary system?

Membranous urethra

61

A spiral fracture in the middle to distal third of the humerus may injure this structure

Radial nerve

62

Supplied by the recurrent laryngeal nerve EXCEPT the

Cricothyroid

63

The blood vessels that conveys 70% of blood to the liver

Portal vein

64

Traumatic rupture of penile urethra distal to urogenital diaphragm, urine would likely extravasate to the

Scrotum

65

The efferent nucleus of the pupillary light reflex is

Edinger-Westphal

66

Postoperative hoarseness after thyroidectomy results if one of the recurrent nerves is accidentally cut while ligating which of the following vessels?

Inferior thyroid artery

67

A patient is unable to taste a piece of sugar placed on the anterior part of the tongue.which cranial nerve is likely to have a lesion

Facial

68

Damage to the anatomic snuffbox might be expected to injure the

Radial artery

69

Following a tonsillectomy, a patient noted loss of general sensation and taste from the posterior 1/3 of the tongue. It could be assumed that the injured nerve was a branch of the ___

Glossopharyngeal nerve

70

Structure of the duodenum that neutralizes the highly acidic content of the stomach

Brunner's gland

71

Thoracic duct passes through the diaphragm through the

Aortic hiatus

72

Sternal angle of Louis corresponds to the level of

2nd costal cartilage

73

The powerful extension of the thigh required when one is standing from the sitting position is the
function of the

Gluteus maximus

74

The main venous drainage of the heart

Coronary sinus

75

A massive infarction of the heart involving the septum, apex, ventricle (left) is likely due to obstruction of the

LAD

76

Loss of function of the muscles of the posterior compartment of the leg and the sole of the foot
is associated with paralysis of

Tibial nerve

77

Mucus-secreting glands found within the deep perineal pouch

Cowper's glands

78

Dorsalis pedis artery is a terminal branch of the

Anterior tibial artery

79

Penetrating stab wound at the root of the neck will likely injure the

Apex of the lung

80

Rectus sheath hematoma sustained from trauma to the abdomen results from injury to this vessel

Inferior epigastric artery

81

An indirect inguinal hernia passes thru deep inguinal ring lateral to this structure

Inferior epigastric artery

82

This structure can be traced towards the base of the appendix and be used as a guide for looking
for the appendix

Taenia coli

83

Vagus nerve passes through the diaphragm through

Esophageal hiatus

84

Thoracentesis to evacuate pleural fluid; the physician should insert the needle at the

7th ICS, posterior axillary line, superior border of the lower rib

85

Nerve that supplies the LATERAL side of the thigh

Lateral cutaneous nerve

86

Nerve that supplies the anterior LOWER abdominal wall

Iliohypogastric nerve

87

Dangerous area of the scalp

Loose areolar layer