Perception Flashcards

Unit 3

1
Q

The process of organizing and interpreting sensory info:

A

Perception

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2
Q

We must perceive a figure from its ground:

A

Form Perception

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3
Q

Transforms 2D into 3D:

A

Depth Perception

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4
Q

Brain computes motion as images move across the retina:

A

Motion Perception

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5
Q

How we recognize an object:

A

Perceptual Interpretation

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6
Q

The ability to attend selectively to one voice among many:

A

Cocktail Party Event

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7
Q

Inability to see an object or person in our midst

A

Inattentional Blindness

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8
Q

A form of inattentional blindness; when you do not notice when something changes because you are so focused on something else:

A

Change Blindness

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9
Q

What are two perceptual illusions?

A

Muller-Lyer and Ames Room

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10
Q

Muller-Lyer
Tall arch - the ___ dimension of the arch looks longer than the ____ dimension. However, both are the same:

A

Vertical; Horizontal

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11
Q

Designed to demonstrate the size-distance illusion:

A

Ames Room

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12
Q

The tendency for vision to dominate the other senses:

A

Visual Capture

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13
Q

The tendency to integrate pieces of info into meaningful wholes:

A

Gestalt

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14
Q

Gestalt - an ____ ___:

A

Organize Whole

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15
Q

Gestalt Psychologists are fond of the saying that in perception ___ ____ may exceed the sum of its parts:

A

The Whole

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16
Q

People tend to perceive objecs in a simple, orderly way:

A

Law of Pragnanz

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17
Q

The organization of the visual field into objects that stand out from their surroundings:

A

Figure-ground

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18
Q

The perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups:

A

Grouping

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19
Q

Group nearby figures together:

A

Proximity

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20
Q

Group figures that are similar:

A

Similarity

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21
Q

Perceive continuous patterns:

A

Continuity

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22
Q

Spots, lines, and areas are a unit when connected:

A

Connectedness

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23
Q

Fill in the gaps:

A

Closure

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24
Q

Depth perception is the ability to see things in ___ and it allows us to judge ____:

A

3D; Distance

25
Q

Who created the Visual Cliff?

A

Eleanor Gibson and Richard Walk

26
Q

Suggested that human infants have depth perception:

A

Visual Cliff

27
Q

Require both eyes:

A

Binocular Cues

28
Q

Available to each eye separately; used by artistss:

A

Monocular Cues

29
Q

Images from the two eyes differ; closer the object, the longer the disparity:

A

Retinal Disparity

30
Q

Neuromuscular cue; two eyes move inward for new objects:

A

Convergence

31
Q

Convergence
The brain uses the ___ at which the eyes are turned to gauge distance:

A

Angle

32
Q

Smaller image is more distant:

A

Relative Size

33
Q

If one object partially blocks another, we perceive it as closer:

A

Interposition

34
Q

Hazy objects are seen as more distant:

A

Relative Clarity

35
Q

Course objects appear closer and fine objects are distant:

A

Texture Gradient

36
Q

Objects higher in our field of vision appear farther away; vertical is longer than horizontal

A

Relative Height

37
Q

Closer objects seem to move faster:

A

Relative Motion

38
Q

Parallel lines appear to converge with distance:

A

Linear Perspective

39
Q

Closer objects appear brighter; shading produces depth:

A

Light and Shadow (Relative Brightness)

40
Q

Objects traveling towards us grow in size and those moving away shirk in size:

A

Motion Perception

41
Q

An illusion of movement created when two or more adjacent lights blink on and off in succession:

A

Phi Phenomenon

42
Q

The brain will interpret a rapid series of slightly varying images as continuous movement:

A

Stroboscopic Movement

43
Q

Perceiving objects as unchanging even as illumination and retinal images change:

A

Perceptual Constancy

44
Q

Our brains have a template for everything we need to know and we match what we see to the templates:

A

Template Matching

45
Q

We see what the best example of something is and see if they are close enough to match:

A

Prototype Matching

46
Q

We break down a feature into parts and analyze what it is:

A

Feature Analysis

47
Q

Knowledge comes from inborn ways of organizing sensory experiences:

A

Immanuel Kant

48
Q

Shows our perception is influence by our environment:

A

Blakemore and Cooper

49
Q

Visual ability to adjust to an artificially displaced visual field:

A

Perceptual Adaptation

50
Q

A mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another:

A

Perceptual Set

51
Q

Concepts that organize and interpret unfamiliar information:

A

Schemas

52
Q

Perceptual sets are determined by what?

A

Schemas

53
Q

Explores how humans and machines and interact:

A

Human Factor Psychology

54
Q

Explores how machines and physical environments can be adapted to human behaviors:

A

Human Factor Psychology

55
Q

The claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input (Sorry, Grandpa):

A

ESP

56
Q

Mind to mind communication:

A

Telepathy

57
Q

Perceiving remote events:

A

Clairvoyance

58
Q

Perceiving future events:

A

Precogniton

59
Q

Mind over matter:

A

Psychokinesis