Flashcards in Physical Readiness Training Deck (53):
What does PRT prepare soldiers and units for?
For the physical challenges of fulfilling the mission in the face of a wide range of threats, in a complex operational environment and with emerging technologies
What is physical readiness?
The ability to meet the physical demands of any combat or duty position, accomplish the mission and continue to fight and win
Why is PRT a mandatory training program?
It is essential to individual, unit and force readiness. And it is required by law for all individuals and units
Where do the tasks, conditions, and standards for PRT activities derive from?
From WTBDs, core mission essential task list, and directed mission essential task list
What are the 7 principles of training that PRT is linked to?
1) commanders and other leaders are responsible for training
2) NCOs train individuals, crews and small teams
3) train as you will fight
4) train to standard
5) train to sustain
6) conduct multi-echelon and concurrent training
7) train to develop agile leaders and organizations
Who's program is the PRT program?
The commanders program.
Who is essential to the success of PRT programs and why?
Senior NCOs because they are often the most experienced trainers in the unit
What are NCOs 3 responsibilities to accomplish the PRT mission?
1) identify specific tasks that PRT enhances in support of the unit's C-METL and D-METL for individuals crews and small teams
2) prepare, rehearse, and execute PRT
3) evaluate PRT and conduct AARs to provide feedback to the commander
Who is responsible for training junior NCOs and aid in developing junior officers, ensuring mastery of PRT drills, exercise activities, and assessments?
What is the principle that all army training is based on?
Train as you will fight
What does the toughening phase of training provide?
Foundational fitness and fundamental motor skills, which lay the foundation for all other activities in the sustainment phase.
How should PRT be conducted?
Should be tough, realistic, physically challenging, yet safe in its execution.
What is the objective of PRT being tough, realistic, physically challenging.
To develop the soldiers physical capabilities to perform their duty assignments and combat roles.
What are the fundamental skills that PRT activities include?
Climbing, jumping, landing, sprinting. Because all contribute to success in the more complex skills of obstacle negotiation, combatives and military movement
What are the PRT components that make up strength?
Muscular strength and muscular endurance
What are the PRT components that make up endurance?
Anaerobic endurance and aerobic endurance
What are the 8 components that make up mobility?
Agility, balance, coordination, flexibility, posture, stability, speed, power
What should be the goal of all training?
Mastery, not just proficiency
What are 3 tenants of standards-based training?
1) leaders know and enforce standards
2) leaders define success in the absence of standards
3) leaders train to standard, not time
How do commanders intensify training experience?
By varying the training conditions
To prepare soldiers to meet the physical demands of their profession, a system of training must focus on what?
The development of strength, endurance and mobility, plus enhance the body's metabolic pathways
What is the key to maintaining unit proficiency despite personnel turbulence and operational deployments?
What is multi-echelon training?
The simultaneous training of more than one echelon on different tasks
What are three training phases of PRT?
1) initial conditioning
When does concurrent training occur?
When a leader conducts training within another type of training
Who has an opportunity to lead everyday during PRT?
Why are exercises, drills, and activities methodically sequenced?
To adequately challenge all soldiers though progressive conditioning of the entire body while controlling injuries
What does the initial conditioning phase do?
Prepare future soldiers to learn and adapt to army PRT
What does the toughening phase activities develop?
Foundational fitness and fundamental movement skills that prepare soldiers to transition to the sustaining phase
What does the sustaining phase activities develop?
A higher level of physical readiness required by duty position and C- or D-METL
What does reconditioning do?
Restores soldiers physical fitness levels that enable them to re-enter the toughening or sustaining phase and progress to their previous level of fitness
What are the types of PRT training?
On-ground, off-ground and combatives
What are 3 fundamental components within the types of training?
Strength, endurance, mobility
What principles does phase training follow?
Precision, progression, and integration
What is the purpose of the initial conditioning phase?
To establish a safe starting point for people considering entering the army
When is initial conditioning phase conducted?
Before enlistment or pre-commissioning
What is the purpose of the toughening phase?
To develop foundational fitness and fundamental movement skills
During the toughening phase what does a variety of activities with precise standards of execution ensure?
That bones, muscles, and connective tissues gradually toughen rather than break
When does the toughening phase occur?
During IMT, BCT, OSUT, basic officer leader course A
When we sustaining phase activities conducted?
In unit PRT throughout the army
When may soldiers participate in reconditioning?
After rehabilitation and recovery from injury or illness, and then re-enter training in the toughening or sustaining phases
What principles does the conduct of army PRT follow?
The principles of precision, progression and integration
What is precision?
The strict adherence to optimal standards for PRT activities
What is precision based on?
The premise that the quality of the movement (form) is just as important as the weight lifted, repetitions performed, or speed of running
What is progression?
The systematic increase in the intensity, duration, volume, and difficulty of PRT activities
What happens if proper progression is not followed?
The soldier is unable to adapt to the demands of training, the soldier is unable to recover, which leads to overtraining or possible injury.
What is integration?
The use of multiple training activities to achieve balance and appropriate recovery between activities in the PRT program
What do MMDs improve?
Running form and movement under direct or indirect fire
What do guerrilla drills develop?
The strength and skill associated with casualty evacuation and combatives
What is strength?
The ability to overcome resistance
What is endurance?
The ability to sustain activity
What is mobility?
The functional application of strength and endurance