Flashcards in US Army History Deck (53):
When was the Constitution written?
Who created the US Army?
The Second Continental Congress
When was the infantry branch established?
14 June, 1775
From what three states did companies of expert riflemen form to make up the army's first infantry branch?
1) Maryland - 2 companies
2) Virginia - 2 companies
3) Pennsylvania - 6 companies
(hint: The Infantry's MVP)
In which battle was the Army awarded its first battle streamer?
The Battle of Fort Ticonderoga
Who was the highest decorated soldier in American history?
Lt. Audie Murphy
What organization is the oldest part of our Army?
The Army National Guard
Note: In December 1636, the Massachusetts Bay Colony organized America's first militia regiments, some of which still serve today in the Army National Guard
When was the battle of Fort Ticonderoga?
10 May 1775
During the winter of 1778, who gave the Army its first real training at Valley Forge?
Baron Friedrich Von Stuben
What government Act established the Medal of Honor?
The Congressional Act (12 June 1862)
What five concepts/skills did Baron Friedrich von Steuben teach the Continental Army at Valley Forge?
1) Simplified drill formations and movements taken from European armies
2) Proper care of equipment
3) use of the bayonet (previously marked British superiority)
4) Officer's responsibility for taking care of soldiers
5) taught NCOs how to train and lead soldiers
What was the Medal of Honor first called?
The Badge of Military Merit
Who received the first Medal of Honor?
Private Jacob Parrott
CO K, 33rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry
"Private Parrott, Medal of Honor"
When did Private Jacob Parrott receive the first Medal of Honor?
25 March 1863
What unit did Pvt Parrott serve in?
CO K, 33rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry
Who is the only female to receive the Medal of Honor?
Dr. Mary E. Walker
(she walked many miles for that award)
After which war did the US emerge as a world power?
Spanish-American War (1898)
(Columbus (spanish) discovered America)
What is the Army's official song?
The Army Goes Rolling Along
Who composed the "The Caisson Song" which later became known as "The Army Goes Rolling Along"?
Lt. Edmund L. Gruber in 1908
What song preceded "The Army Goes Rolling Along"?
The Caisson Song
What document originally governed the US and was later replaced by the Constitution?
The Articles of Confederation
What government act governed the organization and regulation of the Army before 1950?
National Defense Act of June 4, 1920
When did "The Star Spangled Banner" become the National Anthem?
3 March 1931
When was the Women's Army Corps created?
What governmental act established the Department of the Army?
The National Security Act of 1947
What was the Department of the Army known as before The National Security Act of 1947?
The War Department
When did the Air Force separate from the Army?
When was the Department of Defense created?
10 Aug 1949
When was UCMJ enacted?
When was the Army Flag dedicated?
14 June 1956
On what date did President Eisenhower sign the Code of Conduct?
17 Aug 1955
When did the Secretary of the Army dedicate the Army song?
11 Nov 1956
When did the Army officially announce that "The Army Goes Rolling Along" was the official Army song?
12 Dec 1957
On what date was the position of the Sergeant Major of the Army established?
4 Jul 1966
Who was the first SMA?
What 3 words are on the official seal of the Army?
This We'll Defend
What was the password used by the Army on D-day, June 6, 1944?
What word and date embroidered on the streamer should be in the center facing forward and completely identifiable when the US Army Flag is displayed?
Who was the Father of American Rangers?
Major Robert Rogers, 1756
What was the first field manual?
The Blue Book
What was the official name of the Blue Book?
The Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States, 1779
Who wrote "The Army Regulations of 1821" which was the first written regulation by the Army since the publication of Baron von Steuben's Blue Book?
General Winfield Scott
What regulation was the first written regulation by the Army since the publication of Baron von Steuben's Blue Book?
The Army Regulations of 1821
What were some of the areas covered in "The Army Regulations of 1821?"
How to conduct a march
How to make a good CO stew
What was the longest war in US history?
War in Afghanistan (13.2 yrs)
(Vietnam was 10.7 yrs)
What US war had the greatest number of American casualties?
When and where did the Civil War actually begin?
April 1861 when South Carolina militia forces fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor
The Armistice ended the fighting at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918-known for many years as Armistice Day, what is it now called in the US?
On which two beaches did the 1st, 4th, and 29th Infantry Divisions assault on D-Day?
Utah and Omaha
When was Saddam Hussein captured?
13 December 2003
When did President Truman authorize the use of two atomic bombs against Japan, destroying Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
Hiroshima - 6 Aug 1945
Nagasaki - 9 Aug 1945
What did the National Security Act of 1947 establish?
Department of Defense; Army; Navy; and Air Force