Camouflage, Concealment And Decoys Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Camouflage, Concealment And Decoys Deck (25):
1

What army field manual covers CCD?

FM 20-3

2

Is each soldier responsible for camouflaging and concealing themselves and their equipment?

Yes. Practicing good CCD techniques lessens a soldiers probability of becoming a target.

3

The primary goal of CCD is to avoid enemy detection. What 7 rules are critical when considering how to avoid detection or identification?

Identify the enemy's detection capabilities
Avoid detection by the enemy's routine surveillance
Take countermeasures against the enemy's sensors
Employ realistic CCD countermeasures
Minimize movement
Use decoys properly
Avoid predictable operational patterns

4

Any change in an existing terrain pattern will indicate the presence of activity. Terrain patterns have distinctive characteristics that are necessary to preserve. What are 5 general terrain patterns?

Agricultural- has a checkerboard pattern when viewed from an aircraft
Urban - characterized by uniform rows of housing
Wooded - characterized by natural, irregular features
Barren - uneven, irregular work of nature w/o the defined patterns of agricultural and urban.
Arctic - snow and ice coverage

5

What is decoying?

Deploying a false or simulated target within a targets scene or in a position where the enemy might conclude that it had found the correct target. Decoys generally draw fire away from real targets. Depending on their fidelity and deployment, decoys will greatly enhance visibility.

6

The LCSS is the standard army camouflage net currently available? What do the stainless steel fibers in the LCSS do?

Reduce a vehicles visual and radar signatures. Stainless steel fibers absorb some of the radar signal and reflect most of the remaining signal in all directions. The result is a small percentage of signal return to the radar for detection.

7

The radar-scattering capabilities of the LCSS are effective on,y if there is how much space between the LCSS and the camouflaged equipment if the LCSS completely covers the equipment?

At least 2 feet of space

8

When using natural materials to camouflage it is important to what?

Not disturb the look of the natural surroundings and also use materials that are commonly found in that specific area.

9

What are the 2 types of cover and concealment?

Natural cover - ravines, hollows, reverse slopes, bushes, grass and shadows
Artificial cover - foxholes, trenches, walls, burlap, nets, or natural materials that are moved from their original spots such as leaves, bushes or grass

10

When do you camouflage a fighting position?

Camouflage as you prepare it

11

What is cover?

Physical protection from bullets, fragments or exploding rounds, flame, nuclear effects and biological and chemical agents

12

What is concealment?

Protection from enemy observation

13

What do you do with the excess dirt when digging a fighting position?

Take excess away from the position to the rear

14

One of the key factors of good camouflage is blending. What is blending?

Blending is trying to alter a targets appearance so that it becomes a part of the background. Generally, it is arranging or applying camouflage material on, over, and/or around a target to reduce its contrast with the background

15

Examples of natural materials which can be used to camouflage both you and your equipment:

Leaves, bushes, and grass

16

How often should you change the camouflage when using natural materials?

When it doesn't look natural and blend in with the natural surroundings

17

How do you camouflage your clothes and LBE?

Clothes, LBE and other weapons and equipment will have outlines altered by irregular patterns added to blend with the predominant color of the background in the area

18

After camouflaging your position what should you do?

Inspect it from the enemy's viewpoint at least 35 meters forward

19

What do you do with tracks that lead into your position?

Cover or brush them

20

Where should live foliage be gathered?

As far as possible behind your position so the emery cannot see where it has been taken from

21

What are 2 types of cover?

Natural
Man-made

22

What are some examples of natural cover?

Logs, trees, stumps, ravines, hollows

23

What are examples of man-made cover?

Fighting positions, trenches, craters, walls, rubble

24

Give some examples of natural concealment?

Tree limbs, brushes, grass, shadows

25

What is camouflage, concealment and decoys? (CCD)

CCD is the use of materials and techniques to hide, blend, disguise, decoy or disrupt the appearance of military targets and/or their backgrounds. CCD helps prevent an enemy from detecting or identifying friendly troop, equipment, activities or installations. Properly designed CCD techniques take advantage of the immediate environment and natural and artificial materials.