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Flashcards in Drill And Ceremony Deck (43):

What FM covers Drill and Ceremony?

FM 3-21.5


What is a review?

A military ceremony used to:
1) Honoring a visiting, high ranking commander, official, dignitary and permit them to observe the state of training of a command.
2) present decoration or awards
3) honor or recognize unit or individual achievements
4) commemorate events


What are 2 prescribed formation of a platoon?

Line and column


What is the primary purpose of drill?

To enable a commander or NCO to move his unit from one point to another in an orderly manner, to aid in disciplinary training by installing habits of precision and response to the leaders orders, and to provide for the development of all soldiers in the practice of commanding troops


What are the 4 resting positions that can be given at the halt?

Parade rest
Stand at ease
At ease


What is the primary value of ceremonies?

To render honors, preserve tradition, and to stimulate esprit de corps


What is a rank?

A line which is only one element in depth


What foot is your leading foot?

Left foot


What is the only command given from inspection arms?

Ready, port arms


What is an element?

And individual, squad, section, platoon, company or larger unit forming part of the next higher unit


When marching, who is the only person in the platoon never out of step?

The platoon guide is responsible for maintaining the prescribed direction and rate of march


What is a file?

A column which has a front of only one element.


Marching in a squad, when would you give the command "squad halt"?

When either foot strikes the ground


What is a formation?

An arrangement of elements of a unit in a prescribed manner?


After weapons have been issued to a unit and all other soldiers have fallen in with their weapons, what is the next command you should give?

Inspection arms


While passing the colors or while the colors are passing you, when is the hand salute rendered?

Six steps before and after


How many steps per minute is quick time?

120 steps per minute


What command is given to reverse the direction of a march?

Rear March


From what position are all stationary movement given?

The position of attention


On what foot would you give the command "mark time, march"?

On either foot


What is cover?

Aligning yourself directly behind the man to your immediate front while maintaining correct distance?


How do you measure a step?

From heel to heel


What is depth?

The space from front to rear of a formation including front and rear elements


What is the interval between the predatory command and the command of execution?

1 step or 1 count


What are the 2 parts of most drill commands?

Predatory command and command of execution


How many steps does each rank take when a platoon is giving the command of open ranks?

Front rank takes 2 full steps forward, the 2nd rank takes 1 full step forward, the 3rd rank does not move, the 4th rank takes 2 half steps to the rear


What are the 5 types of commands in a drill?

1) two part
2) combined
3) supplementing
4) directive


What position is a unit guidon once a preparatory command is given?

The raised vertical position


What are some examples of a combined command?

At ease
Fall in


Define cadence?

The uniform rhythm in which a movement is executed, or the number of steps or counts per minute at which a movement is executed. Drill movements are normally executed at the cadence of quick time or double time.


What is close interval?

The lateral space between soldiers measured from right to left by the soldier on the right placing the heel of his left hand on his hip, even with the top of the belt line, fingers and thumb joined and extended downward, with his elbow in line with the body and touching the arm of the soldier to his left


What is double interval?

The lateral space between soldiers measured from right to left by raising both arms shoulder high with the fingers extended and joined (palms down) so that fingertips are touching the fingers tips of the soldier at either side


What is normal interval?

The lateral space between soldiers measured from right to left by the soldier on the right holding his arm shoulder high, fingers and thumb extended and joined, with the tip of his middle finger touching the right shoulder of the soldier to his left.


Who is responsible for training and appearance of the color guard?



What is a guidon?

A swallow-tailed flag carried by companies, batteries, troops, and certain detachments.


When executing a rear march, on which foot do you pivot?

Both feet, turning 180 degrees to the right


What are 3 methods used to teach drill?

Step by step
By the numbers
Talk-through method


What 4 movements in marching require a 15" step?

Half step
Left step
Right step
Backward step


How many steps should separate platoons when a company is formed?

5 steps


What is the "blue book"?

A drill manual used by Baron Von Steuben (a former Prussian officer) to train the colonial army. It preceded the FM 3-21.5. It is known as "The regulations for the order and discipline of the troops of the United States." This book was the first Army Field Manual.


Can a command be changed after the command of execution has been given?



How far in front of the honor company or color company do the colors halt?

Ten steps


What are the three steps used in drill?

15" step
30" step
30" step, double time, 180 steps per minute