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Flashcards in Pneumonia Bugs Deck (13):
1

What's the most common cause of CAP; usually seen in middle aged adults and elderly

Strep. pneumoniae

2

Cause of lobar pneumonia. It affects malnourished and debilitated individuals, especially elderly in nursing homes, alcoholics, and diabetics. Thick mucoid capsule results in currant jelly sputum; often complicated by abcess

Klebsiella pneumonia

3

Most common cause of secondary pneumonia; often complicated by abscess or empyema

Staph aureus

4

Common cause of secondary pneumonia superimposed on COPD

H. influenzae

5

Pneumonia in cystic fibrosis patients. It's also the most common cause of nosocomial pneumonia (transmitted commonly via aspirators); often associated with infarction due to vessel wall invasion

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

6

CAP and pneumonia superimposed on COPD

Moraxella cattarhalis

7

CAP, pneumonia imposed on COPD, or ICP; transmitted from water source and seen with silver stain

Legionella pneumophilia

8

Most common cause of atypical pneumonia. Affects young adults and military recruits

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

9

Second most common cause of atypical pneumonia in young adults

Chlamydia pneumoniae

10

Most common cause of atypical pneumonia in infants

RSV

11

Atypical pneumonia with post transplant patients

CMV

12

Atypical pneumonia in elderly, ICPs, or those with pre existing lung disease. Also risk for secondary pneumonia

Flu

13

Atypical pneumonia with high fever

Coxiella burnetii