Prepositions (a, de, con, en, none) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Prepositions (a, de, con, en, none) Deck (187)
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151

Todos debemos defender ... nuestra patria.

a: We all should defend our homeland. (precedes direct obj when specific person...in this case personified thing)

152

Brasil (el equipo de Brasil) venció ... México (al equipo de México) en el campeonato de fútbol.

a: Brasil (Brasil's team) defeated Mexico (Mexico's team) in the soccer championship. (precedes the direct obj when a specific person...or personified thing)

153

"A" with tener

"a" is omitted after the verb tener when used to express possession: when tener = to hold, or tener = to be, "a" is used before definite animate direct objs

154

La madre tenía ... su bebé en los brazos.

a: The mother was holding her baby in her arms. (tener = to hold, "a" precedes direct obj)

155

Tenemos ... nuestro padre en el hospital.

a: Our father is in the hospital. (tener = to be, "a" precedes the direct obj)

156

La vaca lamía ... su ternerito.

a: The cow was licking her calf. (personified direct obj, precede by "a".

157

Las ratas transportan ... sus crías con la boca.

a: Rats transport their offspring with their mouths. (personified direct obj, precede by "a". )

158

Cientos de hormigas atacaron ...el pobre gusano.

a (al): Hundreds of ants attacked the poor caterpillar. (personified direct obj, precede by "a")

159

La araña atrapó ... la mosca en su tela.

a: The spider trapped the fly in its web. (personified direct obj, precede by "a")

160

El chico slavó ... la abeja de morir ahogada.

a: The boy saved the bee from drowning. (personified direct obj, precede by "a")

161

Carlos ensartó ... la pobre mariposa con un alfiler grande.

a: Carlos skewered the poor butterfly with a large pin. (personified direct obj, precede by "a")

162

"A" and the indirect obj.

"a" precedes the indirect obj.

163

... mi tío Pascual ... encantaban las películas de ciencia ficción, y cuando murió, ... dejó su dinero a una compañía de películas en vez de dejármelo a mí.

a, le, le: My uncle Pascual loved science-fiction movies and when he died, he left his money to a movie company instead of leaving it to me. ("a" precedes the indirect obj)

164

to buy, to borrow, to rob (steal), to take away

the person or entity from whom the subject borrows, buys, etc. is the indirect object and the verb is followed by "a" where from would be used in English

165

El joven ... pedió prestados unos pesos ... su amigo para comprar... flores ... la viejecita.

le, a, le, a: The young man borrowed a few pesos from his friend to buy flowers from the old lady. (to buy, to borrow, to rob (steal), to take away), use "a" in the place of "from" after the verb

166

"A" with teaching/learning process

"a" follows verbs that refer to a teaching-learning process, also after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.

167

aprender...

a: to learn ("a" follows the teaching-learning process)

168

convidar...

a: to invite ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

169

invitar...

a: to invite ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

170

consagrarse...

a: to establish oneself as, dedicate oneself to ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

171

dedicarse...

a: dedicate oneself to ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

172

enseñar...

a: to teach ("a" follows the teaching-learning process)

173

forzar...

a: to force ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

174

obligar...

a: to force ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

175

impulsar...

a: to propel ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

176

incitar...

a: to incite or encourage ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

177

"A" and verbs of motion

"a" follows verbs that express motion, physical or figurative, also after verbs of beginning

178

acercarse...

a: get close, approach (follows verbs that express motion, physical / figurative)

179

arrojarse...

a: to throw, fling, hurl yourself (follows verbs that express motion, physical / figurative)

180

lanzarse...

a: to pounce on, leap on(follows verbs that express motion, physical / figurative)