Prologue Flashcards Preview

Psychology 100A > Prologue > Flashcards

Flashcards in Prologue Deck (16):
1

structuralism

uses introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind

2

functionalism

focuses on how our mental and behavioural processes function - enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish

3

behaviourism

the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behaviour without reference to mental processes. most research psychologist today agree with 1 but not 2

4

humanistic psychology

historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth

5

cognitive neuroscience

the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language)

6

psychology

the science of behaviour and mental processes

7

nature-nurture issue

The controversy over the relative contributions that genes (biology) and experiences make to the development of psychological traits and behaviours. (nurture works on what nature endows)

8

natural selection

the principle that among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations

9

levels of analysis

the differing complementary views from biological to psychological to social-cultural for analysis any given phenomenon

10

biopsychological approach

an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, to social-cultureal levels of analysis

11

basic research

pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base

12

applied research

scientific study that aims to solve practical problems

13

counselling psychology

assisting people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage) and in achieving great well-being

14

clinical psychology

studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders

15

psychiatry

medicine; dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medial treatments as well as psychological therapy

16

SQ3R

study method: survey, question, read, rehearse, and review