Psychology - Child Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychology - Child Development Deck (29)
1

Motor: turns, grasps, reaches. Social: recognizes faces, attachment. Verbal: repeats, babbles

4-6 months

1

How children are able to move from one stage of thought into the next. As children progress, it is important to maintain a balance between applying previous knowledge (assimilation) and changing behavior to account for new knowledge (accommodation).

Equilibration

2

Motor: Draws simple person, buttons/zippers, combs hair, brushes teeth, hops, copies cross. Social: Hypochondriasis, curious about body fxn, nightmares/phobias, imaginary friends. Verbal: Good verbal expression, prepositions.

4 years

3

Motor: stacks 3 blocks, thorws ball, climbs stairs, cribbles. Social: Reapprochment. Verbal: 10 words, says name.

1.5 years

3

During this stage, infants and toddlers acquire knowledge through sensory experiences and manipulating objects

The Sensorimotor Stage

4

Motor: Sits, crawls, pulls up, pincer grasp. Social: Stranger anxiety, gestures. Verbal: Imitates sounds, responds to name/instructions.

7-11 months

5

Undresses, "No", kicks ball.

2 years

6

Ties shoelaches, understands death. Logic.

6 years

6

Kids at this point of development begin to think more logically, but their thinking can also be very rigid. They tend to struggle with abstract and hypothetical concepts.

The Concrete Operational Stage

7

Motor: WALKS. Social: Separation anxiety Verbal: First word, object permanence.

12-15 months

8

Sensory Motor

0-2 years - Piaget

9

Motor: Ties shoelaces, rides bike, prints letters, copies triagle. Social: Right/wrong, death. Verbal: Begins to read, logic.

6 years

10

Motor: Stacks 6 blocks, kicks ball, undresses, utensils, copies line. Social: Parallel play, says "No". Verbal: 250 words, 2 word sentences, names body parts, pronouns.

2 years

12

Motor: lifts shoulders Social: smile Verbal: coos

2-3 Months

12

Motor: Stacks 9 blocks, rides tricycle, scissors, partial dress, copies circle. Social: Gender ID, toilet training, spend day away from primary caregiver. Verbal: 900 words, complete sentences, ID's color.

3 years

13

An increase in logic, the ability to use deductive reasoning, and an understanding of abstract ideas.

The Formal Operational Stage

14

catches ball, detailed person, plays cooperatively.

5 years

15

At this stage, kids learn through pretend play but still struggle with logic and taking the point of view of other people.

Preoperational Stage

16

Motor: Draws detailed person, skips, catches ball (2 hands), copies square. Social: Plays cooperatively. Verbal:

5 years

17

altering existing schemas, or ideas, as a result of new information or new experiences. New schemas may also be developed during this process.

Accomodation

19

Gender ID, toilet training, tricycle, complete sentences.

3 years

20

Preoperational

(2-7 years) - Piaget

22

Motor: Follows objects, lifts head. Social: Comforted by voice and touch. Verbal: Cries

0-2 Months

23

Walks, First word

12 - 15 months

24

The process of taking in new information into our previously existing schemas is known as assimilation.

Assimilation

26

imaginary friends, draws a simple person, brushes teeth.

4 years

27

climbs stairs, says name, throws ball, scribbles.

1.5 years

28

Concrete Operational

7-11 years - Piaget

29

Formal Operations

11-adolescence - Piaget