Flashcards in Psychology Module 8 Deck (33):
1. Hypnosis is defined as an altered state of awareness, attention, and alertness, during which a person is much more open to the A. of an hypnotist or a therapist. About 10 to 15% of adults are easily hypnotized, while 20% are hard to hypnotize. The procedure used to hypnotize someone is called B.
A. Suggestions B. Hypnotic Induction
2. Under hypnosis, subject will experience or perform the following A. age regression, imagined perception, posthypnotic amnesia, posthypnotic suggestions, and hypnotic analgesia.
3. According to the A. theory, hypnotized subject perform subjected behaviors because they are in a special state. According to the B. theory, subjects perform suggested behavior not because they are hypnotized , but because these individuals have the amazing ability of responding to imaginative suggestions and because of social pressures.
A. Altered State B. Sociocognitive
4. In dental and medical settings, hypnosis is used to help patients deal with painful procedures by producing A. In Therapeutic settings, hypnosis is used in combination with other behavioral and cognitive treatments to help clients reveal their personalities and gain insights. However, hypnosis is not very successful in dealing with problems that involve B.
Analgesia B. Self Control
5. Regular use of a drug usually results in one or more of the following. A behavioral pattern of drug abuse that is marked by an overwhelming and compulsive desire to obtain and use the drug is called an A. If the nervous system becomes accustomed to having the drug and needs the drug for normal functioning, the user is said to have developed a B. If a habitual user suddenly stops taking the drug, he or she will experience unpleasant or painful C. After using a drug over a period of time, a person must take a larger dose to achieve the original behavioral effect because this person has developed a D. for the drug.
A. Addiction B. Dependance C. Withdrawal Symptoms D. Tolerance
6. Drugs that affect the nervous system by altering consciousness, awareness, sensations, perceptions, mood, and cognitive processes are called A. drugs
7. Some drugs act like A. keys that open neuron's chemical B. and some prevent the nueron's reabsortion of neurotrasmittors, called C Some drugs act on the brain's powerful D
A. Chemical B. Locks C. Reuptake D. Reward/Pleasure
8. Drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system and result in heightened alertness, arousal, and euphoria and decreased appetite and fatigue are called A.
9. In moderate cases, cocaine produces short lived enhancement of A. In heavy doses, it can produce addiction; serious psychological effect, such as frightening hallucination; and serious physical problem, such as hear irregularity, convulsions, and death.
A. Activity, Mood, or Energy
10. A form of amphetamine called A. produces a quick high, is very addictive, and has become a major drug problem.
11. The most widely used legal psychoactive drug in the world A., which affects brain receptors and, depending on the dose, produces physiological arousal, a mild feeling of alertness, increased reaction time, and decreased fatigue and drowsiness.
12. The legal drug that is second to caffeine in worldwide usage is A., which triggers the production of dopamine.
13. All opiates produce three primary affects: a reduction in pain, which is called A.; a twilight state between waking an d sleeping, which is called B.; and C., which permits their use as a treatment for diarrhea. with continued use of opiates, users develop tolerance, addiction, and an intense craving for the drug. The brain also produces its own morphine like chemicals, called D
A. Analgesia B. Opiate Euphoria C. Constipation D. Endorphins
14. Drugs that act on the brain (and body) to produce perceptual, sensory, and cognitive experiences that do not match the external reality are called A. Sometime after using LSD, a user may suddenly have a frightening, drug related experience called B. Example of hallucinogenic drugs are LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline. Drugs that are manufactured or altered to produce psychoactive effects are called C.; an example is D.
A. Hallucinogens B. Flashback C. Designer Drugs D. MDMA, or Ecstasy
15. Alcohol is classified as a A. because it decreases the activity of the central nervous system by stimulating neural receptors called B. Heavy and repeated drinking can result in periods of seemingly normal behavior that the drinker, when sober, cannot recall at all; these periods are called C. Alcohol is a major contribute to personal problems, fatal traffic accidents, birth defects, homicides, assault, date rape, and suicide.
A. Depressant B. GABA C. Blackouts
16. A drinker's risk of becoming an alcoholic increases 3-4 times if members of his or her family are alcoholics. The risk of developing alcoholism is increased by having difficulties in showing trust and being overdependent in relationships, which are called A. factors, and also by the inheritance of predispositions for alcoholism, which are called B. factors.
A. Psychological Risk B. Genetic Risk
Cultural Diversity: Alcoholism Rates
17. About 10-14% of American drinkers become A., defined as people who have drunk heavily for a long period of time, are addicted are addicted to and have an intense craving for alcohol, and have developed major life problems because of drinking.
18. One reason the Chinese and Taiwanese have low rates of alcoholism is that these societies are heavily influenced by the Confucian moral code, which discourages A. in public.
19. The most widely used illegal drug in the United States is A. In mild doses it produces mild euphoria, in moderate doses it produces hallucinations and delusions. researchers discovered that the brain has neural locks, or THC B., that are highly concentrated in the brain and respond to the THC in marijuana. The brain makes its own chemical, called C., which is one of the brains own D. and closely resembles THC. Throughout the brain are many THC receptors that are involved in a number of behaviors, including E.
A. Marijuana B. Receptors C. Anandamide D. Neurotransmitters E. Memory, Emotions, and Motor Control E. Higher Cognitive Functions
Research Focus: Drug Prevention
20. The most popular program to prevent drug use in teenagers is called A., which involves police officers lecturing to students about the dangers of drugs. However, researchers found that this popular and well financed program was not effective in preventing future drug use. One reason dare grew in popularity was because school officials and police officers gave DARE glowing B. Compared to scientific evidence, testimonials are much less reliable because they have a relatively high potential for C.
A. Dare B. Testimonials C. Error or Bias
Application: Treatment for Drug Abuse
21. A maladaptive pattern of continued usage of a substance-drug or medicine-that results in significant legal, personal, or other problems over a 12 month period is called A
A. Substance Abuse
22. Programs that treat drug abusers have four steps: The first step is admitting that one has a A. The second step is entering a B., which has four goals. The step is to get C. to help overcome drug abuse. The fourth step is to remain D.
A. Drug Problem B. Treatment Program C. Therapy D. Drug Free