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Flashcards in Pulmonary Deck (21):
1

What is the difference between carotid body and carotid sinus?

carotid body- chemoreceptor
carotid sinus- baroreceptor

2

What color is air on xray?

black

3

What color is fluid/solid on xray?

white

4

What disease has a steeple sign on neck film?

epiglotitis

5

What disease has a thumb sign on neck film?

epiglotitis

6

What is a blue bloater?

bronchitis

7

What is a pink puffer?

emphysema

8

What are the PIE syndromes?

pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia
churg-straus
loefler's
allergic bronchopulmonary aspergiliosis
strongyloides

9

What drugs cause pulmonary eosinophils?

nitrofurantoin
sulfonamides

10

What are the risk factors for lung cancer?

smoking
radon
second hand smoke
pneumonconiosis (except anthracosis)

11

What diseases have hemoptysis?

bronchiectasis
bronchitis
pneumonia
TB
lung cancer
goodpasture's
wegner's

12

Where is bochdalek hernia?

dorsal diaphragm

13

Where is morgagni hernia?

anterior/middle diaphragm

14

What disease have respiratory alkalosis?

restrictive lung disease
anxiety
pregnancy
gram negative sepsis
PE

15

What disease have respiratory acidosis?

obstructive lung disease

16

What diseases have metabolic alkalosis?

low volume state
vomiting
diuretics
GI blood loss

17

What diseases have metabolic acidosis?

diarrhea
RTA
acid production (MUDPILES)
M: methanol, metformin
U: uremia
D: DKA
P: paraldehyde, phenformin
I: iron, INH
L: lactate
E: ethylene glycol
S: salicylates, shock, sepsis, starvation

18

What does a stridor tell you?

extrathoracic narrowing (narrows when breathing in)

19

What does wheezing tell you?

intrathoracic narraowing (narrows when breathing out)

20

What do rhonchi tell you?

mucus in airway
obstructive lung disease

21

What does grunting tell you?

blowing open collapsed alveoli
restrictive lung disease