Q&A and Clinical Reproduction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Q&A and Clinical Reproduction Deck (123)
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1

What is the bony entrance into the pelvis?

pelvic inlet

2

What is the caudal indentation btwn the ischiatic tuberositites?

ischiatic arch

3

What is the suspensory ligament in carnivores?

Part of mesovarium- connecting ovary to last 1 or 2 ribs

4

What is the caudal part of the uterus, joining the uterus to the vagina?

cervix

5

What is the orientation to the cervical canal?

diagonally -craniodorsal to caudoventral

6

What is the muscular layer of the uterine wall called?

myometrium 

7

When is the cervix open?

during estrus and birth and short time there after

8

What is the vagina's annular recess around the protruding cervix?

fornix of the vagina

9

Where is the clitoris located?

in ventral vestibule in ventral labial commissure in fossa

10

What is the area prone to edema of the female reproductive tract?

Area just cranial to external urethral opening

11

What is the perineum in the female?

Area surrounding anus and vulva, closing pelvic outlet

12

Name the three parts of the broad ligament.

Mesovarium- suspends ovary
Mesometrium- suspends uterus
Mesosalpinx- contains uterine tube

13

Name the small cavity around the ovary formed by the mesosalpinx.

ovarian bursa

14

What mesovarium structure attaches the ovary to the last 1 or 2 ribs in carnivores?

suspensory ligament

15

What is the vaginal process in the female dog?

round ligament in peritoneal evagination through inguinal canal. Indirect hernia > females

16

List the major parts of the male reproductive system.

scrotum, testicles, epididymis, ductus deferens, urethra, penis, accessory sex glands

17

What divides the scrotum into two compartments?

scrotal septum

18

Describe the cat's scrotum, location, and conformation.

perineal, sessile(lacks a stalk, immobile), densely covered by hair

19

How are the epididymis and ductus deferens related to the testicle?

epididymis is lateral, ductus deferens is medial

20

What structure in the spermatic cord carries sperm into the abdomen and to the urethra?

ductus deferens

21

What is the relationship of the ductus deferens to the ureters?

Loops dorsally over the ureters

22

What is the relationship of the ductus deferens to the ureters?

Loops dorsally over the ureters

23

What structures are carried with the testicle as they descend?

peritoneum (becomes vaginal tunic) and fascia

24

When do the testicles descend in the carnivores?

shortly after birth

25

What major structures pass through the inguinal canal?

vaginal process - male: spermatic cord, female: round ligament
and external pudendal a. and v.

26

What is the superficial inguinal ring?

Slit in the aponeurosis of the EAO

27

What is the inguinal ligament?

caudal free edge in the aponeurosis of the EAO between junction of thigh and hip

28

Name the three main parts of the vaginal tunic.

parietal, visceral, connecting(mesorchium)

29

What is the potential space btwn the parietal and visceral vaginal tunics?

vaginal cavity

30

What serosa connects the parietal and visceral vaginal tunics?

mesorchium