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Flashcards in Q&A Back Deck (257)
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1

What are the two major parts of the typical vertebra

Body and arch

2

List the seven processes of a typical vertebra

1: Spine, 2: Transverse processes, 4: articular (2 cranial 2 caudal)

3

Where do the spinal nerves leave the vertebral column

intervertebral foramen

4

What is formed by all of the vertebral foramina of all the vertebrae

Vertebral Canal

5

What is the laminae of the vertebrae

Roof (top of arch) of vertebral foramen

6

What is the ineracuate space

Dorsal gap between adjacent arches

7

With what does the atlas C1 articulate

Occipital condyles of skull

8

What are the large lateral masses of the atlas

wings of the atlas

9

What peg-like process on the axis forms a pivot articulation with the atlas

Dens

10

What is the large ventral projection of the sixth cervical vertebrae

Transverse process (sled)

11

What joint is formed by the atlas of the skull

Atlanto-occipital joint (yes joint)

12

The articulation of the axis with the atlas is known as the ____ joint

Atlantoaxial joint (no joint)

13

Name the fibrocartilage between the bodies of adjacent vertebra

intervertebral disc

14

What are the two parts of the intervertebral disc

Annulus fibrosus and nucleus pulposus

15

What elastic connective tissue structure attaches the 1st thoracic spine to the spine of the axis C2 in the dog

Nuchal ligament, none in cat

16

What elastic tissue fills the dorsal space (inerarcuate space) between the arches of adjacent veterebra

Ligamentum flavum, interarcuate, or yellow ligament

17

What connects the heads of a pair of opposite ribs, crossing the dorsal part of the intervertebral discs

Intercapital ligament

18

What are the two paired strapped muscles of the neck

Sternohyoideus & Sternothyroideus mm.

19

Name the muscle extending from the sternum to the head

sternocephalicus m.

20

what forms "envelops" around the muscles of the neck

Deep fascia of the neck

21

What muscles are above the transverse processes of the vertebra

Epaxial mm.

22

Name the two major epaxial muscles of the back

Iliocostalis & longissimus mm.

23

What muscles are below the transverse processes of the vertebra

Hypaxial m

24

What is the hypaxial muscle in the neck and cranial thorax

Longus coli

25

What is the main hypaxial/ sub lumbar muscle of the abdomen

Psoas major m

26

Where is the common carotid artery located

Beside the trachea in the carotid sheath

27

What glandular structure are under the omotransversarius muscle just cranial to the shoulder

Superficial cervical lymph node

28

List the two important structures enclosed in the carotid sheath

Common carotid and vagosympathetic trunk

29

Where is the esophagus located in the middle of the neck

on the left

30

What is the gland just caudal to the larynx on the trachea

thyroid gland