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Religious tolerance was prominent in the founding of colonies led by which four men?

Cecil Calvert, Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, and William Penn


In the last decades of the 17th century, what was a major problem that Virginia faced?

Conflict between large plantation owners and settlers on Virginia's western frontier was a problem faced.


What document would be helpful in examining the origins of constitutional government in colonial America?

The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut


What colony was not founded by Puritan intolerance of dissent?

New Hampshire


How was Roger Williams different from other Puritan ministers?

He emphasized the individual's private religious conscience.


What factors led to the formation of the New England Confederation?

Defense against Indian attacks, conflicts over colonial boundaries, concerns regarding runaway servants, and neglect by the English government were factors that led to the formation of the New England Confederation.


What was the main purpose of mercantilist policies?

The main purpose was to strengthen the economy and power of the parent country


What were the consequences of the acts of trade and navigation in the colonies?

The consequences were the limitation of colonial manufacturing, regulation of colonial economies by London, smuggling, and the prosperity of New England ship building


What were the ideas behind William Penn's "Holy Experiment"?

Nonviolence, fair treatment of Native Americans, refuge for Quakers and religious tolerance were ideas behind William Penn's Holy Experiment.


In the mid-18th century, what was generally true about slavery in the British colonies?

Planters thought it provided a dependable labor supply, more slaves existed in the southern colonies than indentured servants, half of Virginia's population was slaves, and colonial laws gave slavery a permanent legal status.


What was the great awakening a reaction to?

It was a reaction to the churches' earlier failure to take account of people's emotional needs.


What were the four focuses of religious preachers during the Great Awakening?

The consequences of leading a sinful life, the sovereignty and power of God, the repenting of one's sins to be saved from damnation, and the looking to the bible as the final source of authority.


What were the consequences of the Great Awakening?

A decline in the authority I Protestant ministers, a belief that common people could make their own decisions, increased emotionalism in church services, and a feeling of shared experiences among colonists in different regions and of different national orgins.


Where were most immigrants to the colonies during the first half of the 18th century from?

Most came from continental Europe. (Check with Jones)


In the 18th century, what was generally true about colonial society in America?

The English language and traditions were dominant, there were few poor people an no real aristocrats, voters played an active role in government, and a degree of religious toleration could be found in all colonies.


On what grounds was John Peter Zenger acquitted?

Truth could not be libel.


What did the colonies generally lack?

Thy generally lacked an adequate monetary system.


What was true of the government of all 13 colonies during the mid-18th century?

At least one house of the legislature was elected by eligible voters.


"Benjamin Franklin was the epitome of the multitalented colonial American." What can be used to support this statement?

Benjamin's experiments with electricity, his invention of bifocal lenses, his founding of a nonsectarian college, and the book Poor Richard's Almanack.


What were the qualities of John Crevecoeur "new man"?

A man who entertains new ideas, forms new opinions, and has passed the toils of involuntary idleness, servile dependence, an useless labor.


What acts were under British criticism of the colonies on 1763

Samuel Adam's and other colonial Leander's organized opposition to British authority, colonist disloyalty by failing to support the war effort, the poorly trained colonial militia, and the colonies benefit from the British victory despite their failure to pay their fair share of the war costs.


How were the Americans forced to pay for the British protection of the colonies?

By means of the Stamp Act, the Sugar Act, the Quartering Act, and the Townshend Acts.


What was Pontiac's Rebellion a reaction to?

The westward movement of English settlers


What were the consequences of the Stamp Act?

Delegates from colonies held a protest meeting in New York, the Sons of Liberty threatened tax officials, colonists boycotted British goods, London merchants suffered from a reduction in trade.


How did John Dickinson defend the idea of no taxation without representation?

He argued to tax people without their consent violated English law.


What were the colonial reactions to the Townshend Acts?

The Massachusetts Circular Letter, John Dickinson's Letters From a Farmer in Pennsylvania, colonial boycotts if British goods, and the Gaspee incident


What was the cause for the Boston Tea Party?

Parliament's efforts to improve the profits if the British East India Company


What would be a useful source in studying the philosophical foundations of the American Revolution?

John Locke's Two Treatises of Government


What were the major ideas of Enlightened philosophers?

People have the right to revolt against tyranny, people have rights simply because they are human, sovereignty resides with the people, a fundamental purpose of government is to protect the people's rights.


What is true about the American colonies in the 1770's?

Except for a few radicals, Americans generally accepted the policies of George III's ministers.