Reproductive Pathology Flashcards Preview

RUSVM Pathology II > Reproductive Pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reproductive Pathology Deck (201):
1

Causes abortion and focal non-suppurative encephalitis in bovine

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Neospora caninum

2

Male Torti or Calico cats are an example of what type of sex disorder?

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Chromosomal Sex Disorder

3

Condition

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Teratoma

4

Male torties or calico cats are an example of what type of sex disorder?

Chromosomal Sex Disorder

5

Condition

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Paraovrian Cysts

 

________________________________

More specifically hydatids of morgagni

6

Hippomanes, Yolk Sac Remnants and Allantoic Pouches are typically 

Incidental findings

7

Etiology of Contagious Agalactia of goats

Mycoplasma agalactiae

8

Condition

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Mast Cell Tumor

9

Metritis

Inflammation of all layers of the uterine wall

10

Imperfect fusion of the paramesonephric ducts can result in what sex disorders

Double Vagina

Double Cervix

Uterus Didelphys

11

Sex disorder characterized by the failure of fusion of the paramesonephric ducts with the urogenital sinus resulting in a tissue band running across the vagina just cranial to the opening of the urethra.

Imperforate Hymen

12

Histologic appearance of what condition

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Sertoli Cell Tumor

13

Endometrial biopsys are commonly used in what species?

Equids

14

Condition

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Uterine Prolapse

15

Causes abortion in cattle at 7-9 months of gestation.  Characterized by chronic necrotizing placentitis.  Fetuses may show signs of pneumonia.

Brucella abortus

16

Perimetritis

Inflammation extending to tissues surrounding uterus

17

Causes abortion between 2-3 months of pregnancy in swine, also has a high incidence of stillborn and weak piglets at term.

Brucella suis

18

Condition

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Hematocele

19

Equine umbilical cords that are too short can cause

Premature separation of the placenta at the site of attachment

20

Mastitis in the ewe and goat is usually caused by

Staphylococcus aureus

Mannhemia haemolytica

21

Condition

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Fibropapillomas

22

Condition characterized by suppurative inflammation and accumulation of pus in the uterine lumen, typically develops a few weeks after estrus.

Pyometra

23

Causes embryonic loss or overt abortion in cattle. Protozoa can be found in preputial washes, vaginal mucosis and stomach contents of aborted fetus.

Tritrichomonas foetus

24

XXY

Klinefelter

25

Condition

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Pyometra

26

Causes early embryonic deaths of cattle at 3-4 weeks and characterized by intercotyledonary placentitis and necrosis of the cotyledons

Campylobacter foetus subsp venerealis

27

Uterine tube is distended and filled with clear watery mucus, usually secondary to obstruction.

Hydrosalpinx

28

Abnormality of gonadal sex

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True Hermaphrodite - Ovotestis

29

Cause of late term abortion in goats with acute diffuse suppurative placentitis with multifocal to confluent areas of mineralization.  Organisms are zoonotic and can be demonstrated with modifed ZN stain.

Coxiella burnetti - Q Fever

30

Etiology of Contatious Equine Metritis

Taylorella equigenitalis

31

Morphological Diagnosis

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Chronic Vaginitis

32

Gonadal sex disorder characterized by ovary and testis present in the same individual.

True Hermarphrodite

33

Causes abortion in equids in the last 3 months of gestation.  Gross changes in the fetus include firbin casts in trachea, interstitisal pneumonia, focal necrosis of the liver, and prominant lymphoid follicles in the spleen.

Equine Herpesvirus Abortion - EHV 1

34

Causes abortion and acute diffuse suppurative placentitis in goats

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Coxiella burnetii

35

Sex disorder due to segmental aplasia of the paramesonephric ducts commonly found in white shorthorn cattle and is associated with the recessive gene for white coat color.

Uterus Unicornis - White Heifer Disease

36

Endometrial hyperplasia occurs in the result of 

Prolonged hyperestrogenism

Excess progesterion with estrogen priming

37

Unilateral Hermaphrodite

Ovotestes one side, ovary or testes on the other

38

Condition - histologic appearance includes lobules of branching ductal structures lined by epithelial cells surrounded by edematous myoepithelial stroma

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Mammary Fibroadenomatous Hyperplasia

39

Natural defense mechanisms of the marrmary gland

Mechanical barrier

Bacterial compouns on teat canal

Humoral factors in milk

Cellular factors

40

Condition

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Hydrometra

41

Brain Microscopic Lesions is associated with abortions of what etiology

Protozoal

42

Chorion

Layer that contacts the mother, in most species fused with the allantosis

43

General, nonspecific term meaning that ambiguous genitalia are present.  Does not idicate the nature or etiology of the abnormality.

Intersex

44

Causes abortion in cattle durin the last trimester.  There are no placental or fetal characteristic lesions thus diagnosis is dependent on rising antibody titers.

Leptospirosis

45

Cause of abortion and chronic placentitis in bovines

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Brucella abortus

46

Sexual development occurs in what 3 steps

Establishment of chromosomal sex

Development of gonadal sex

Development of phenotypic sex

47

Causes abortion and intercotyledonary necrosis in sheep

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Chlamydophila abortus

48

Benign mammary tumors

Adenoma

Fibroadenoma

Benign Mixed Tumor

Duct Papilloma

49

Histologic appearance of what condition

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Seminoma

50

Differential diagnosis for oophoritis

Tuberculosis

Salmonella pullorum

IBR

BVD

51

Most likely cause of this mastitis?

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Coliform Mastitis

52

Accumulation of thin or viscoid fluid in the uterus, typically secondary to endometrial hyperplasia or congenital obstruction.

Hydrometra or Mucometra

53

Causes full term litter consisting of small mummified fetuses in swine.

SMEDI caused by Porcine Parvovirus

54

Viral infection of sheep that can result in embryonic or fetal death, abortion, mummification, dysmorphogenesis, early postnatal death and birth of weak lambs.

Borders Disease - Hairy Shaker Disease

55

Cause of abortion and amnionitis in bovines

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Ureaplasma diversum

56

Excessive accumulation of fliud in the amniotic sac associated wtih the malformation of the fetus

Hydraminos

57

Extra-genital lesions associated with pyometra

Bone marrow depression and anemia

Marked extramedullary hematopoiesis

Makred Leukocytosis

Immune complex glomerulonephritis

58

Lateral Hermaphrodite

Testis one side, ovary on the other

59

Mummification

Fetus is retained indefinitely and becomes dehydrated

60

Causes abortion between day 30-50 of pregnancy in dogs with prolonged vaginal discharge post abortion.

Brucella canis

61

Venereally transmitted disease of cattle that causes epithelial necrosis.

Infectious Pustular Vulvovaginitis -IPV

Bovine Herpesvirus 1

62

Causes abortion and multifocal necrotizing hepatitis in sheep

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Campylobacter spp

63

Allantosis

Contains fetal urine and other fluids arising from the membrane itself

64

Chimera

Individuals composed of two or more cell populations each arising from different individuals

65

Condition

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Prostatic Neoplasia

66

Condition

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Teratoma

67

Major cause of abortion in ovines.  Gross characterisitcs are bright to dark red cotyledons with numerous small soft white nodules

Toxoplasma gondii

68

Cytology of what condition

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Transmissible Venereal Tumors (TVT)

69

Benign tumor of skeletal muscle may be estrogen dependent in dogs.

Leiomyoma

70

Arthrogryposis is associated with abortions of what etiology

Schmallenberg

Akabane

71

Conditions caused by what developmental anomaly of the paramesonephric ducts

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Imperfect fusion

72

Phenotypic sex disorder in which the animal is chromsomally male but has female external genitalia the result of persistent mullerian duct syndrome.

Male Pseudohermaphrodite

73

XX/XY

Chimeras and Mosaics

74

Histologic appearance of what condition

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Sperm Granuloma

75

Condition

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Subinvolution of Placental Sites

76

Contagious mastitis characterized by acute inflammation due to alpha toxin and results in abscesses, necrosis and gangrene.

Staphylococcus aureus

77

Placental lesion is associated with abortions of what etiology

Fungal

Chlamydiae

Protozoal

Bacterial

78

Condition

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Cystic Graafian Follicle

79

Common causes of uterine prolapse 

Uterine Hypotony

Prolonged dystocia

Retained placenta

Hypocalcemia

Hyperestrogenism

80

XO 

Turner Syndrome

81

Disease and Etiology

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Infectious Pustular Vulvovaginitis - IPV

Bovine Herpesvirus -1 

82

Condition

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Epididymis

83

Myocarditis and Myocardial Necrosis is associated with abortions of what etiology

BVD

Neospora Caninum

Nutritional Myopathy

84

Abortion

Expulsion of a fetus prior to the tiem of exptected viability

85

Causes abortion in cattle during the last trimester of pregnancy and is characterized by exudative intercotyledonary placentitis and tiny pin point yellow foci of necrosis on liver, lung, myocardium, and other organs.

Listeriosis - L. monocytogenes

86

Pathogenesis of mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome and Late Term Abortions - MRLS

  1. Hairs of the easter tent caterpillar embedded into the submucosa of the alimentary tract create microgranulomatous lesions
  2. Bacteria from the alimentary tract invade the circulatory system
  3. Infections are established in tissues where the immune surveillance is reduced

87

Abortion in goats is typically due to 

Coxiella burnetti

Trauma

Stress

Brucella melitensis

Salmonella

Iodine deficiency

88

Condition

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Sertoli Cell Tumor

89

Abnormality of chromosomal sex

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Freemartin 

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Most common example of chimera in veterinary medicine

90

Disease

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Sperm Granuloma

91

Condition

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Hypospadias

92

Causes specific, contagious mastitis of ruminants.  Healing is by fibrosis causing atrophy of quarters.

Streptococcus agalactiae

93

Endometritis

Inflammation of the endometrium only

94

Cystic Gartner's Ducts and Cystic Bartholin's Glands are commonly secondary to 

Hyperestrongenism

95

Condition

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Dysgerminoma

96

Condition occurs most commonly in enlarged uteruses that can result in circulatory embarrassment, death of fetus or uterine rupture.

Uterine Torsion

97

Condition

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Squamous Cell Carcinoma

98

Condition

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Mammary Fibroadenoma

99

Endometrial hyperplasia puts the animal at risk for what

Pyometria

100

Condition

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Transmissible Venereal Tumor (TVT)

101

Condition

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Rupture of the Uterine Artery

 

_____________________________

Most commonly occurs in horses

102

Abnormality in phenotypic sex - chromosomal and gonadal sex agree but the internal or external genitalial are ambiguous

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Pseudohermaphroditism

103

Condition

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Granulosa Cell Tumor

104

Causes acute suppurative to chronic placentitis in sheep and goats.  Organism can be identified on a placental smear and abortion depends on when infected.

Ovine Enzootic Abortion - Chalmydophila abortus

105

Condition

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Intrafollicular Hemorrhage

106

Condition

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Mammary Fibroadenomatous Hyperplasia

107

Condition

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Persistent frenulum

108

Venereal disease manifested by temporary infertility and inflammation of the endometerium.  Must be reported to state and federal authorities if suspected.

Contagious Equine Metritis - CEM

109

Mastitis caused by a variety of pathogens that can be demonstrated in tissues by special stains or cultured from milk.  

 

Granulomatous Mastitis

110

Phenotypic sex disorder in which the animal is chromsomally female but has male external genitalia the result of iatrogen administration of androgens or progestagens during gestation.

Female Pseudohermaphrodite

111

Condition

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Uterine Torsion

112

Causes intercotyledonary placentitis and multifocal necrotizing hepatits in sheep.

Campylobacter foetus subsp foetus

113

Viruses that cause mastitis in sheep and goats

Ovine Progressive Pneumonia

Caprine Artheritis Encephalitis - CAE

+/- Food and Mouth Disease

114

Amnionitis is associated with abortions of what etiology

Ureaplasma

115

Condition

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Bilateral Ovarian Hypoplasia

116

Pathogenesis of endometrial hyperplasia in dogs

  1. Estrogen binds to estrogen receptors in endometrium
  2. Synthesis of intracellular progesterone receptors
  3. Progesterone immunosuppresses, providing a suitable environment for bacteria to grow

117

Condition

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Melanoma / Melanocytoma

118

Accumulation of pus in the uterine tube following obstruction of the lumen.

Pyosalpinx

119

Causes abortions at 5-6 months of gestation in cattle.  Organisms can be identified in focal brain lesions.

Neospora caninum

120

Condition

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Imperforate Hymen

121

Actively growing endometrial tissue are explanted to aberrant sites within and outside of the uterus.

Endometrosis

122

Equine umbilical cords that are too long can cause

Foal strangulation and necrosis of the cervical pole of the placenta

123

Coding for TDF which upregulates Sox9 expression promoting testicular differentiation.

SRY Gene

124

Presence of endometrial glands and stroma between the muscle bundles of the myometrium

Adenomyosis

125

Endometrial biopsies evaulate

Infllamtion

Dilation of lymphatics

Loss of glands

Fibrosis

126

Diagnostic of what disease?

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Call-Exner Bodies are diagnostic of Granulosa Cell Tumors

127

What dis?

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Yolk Sac Remnant

128

Etiology of Dourine of equids

Equine Herpesvirus 3

Trypanosoma equiperdum

129

Condition

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Prostatitis

130

Causes abortion and these characteristic placental lesions in sheep

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Toxoplasma gondii

131

Secondary to endometritis and may lead to pyosalpinx commonly seen with Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma infections.

Salpingitis

132

Contagious mastitis characterized by sudden onset of aglactia, involvment of all four quarters and lack of obvious systemic illness.

Mycoplasma spp

133

Commonest type of cystic change of the ovaries that is a result of insufficient release of lutenizing hormone.

Cystic Graffian Follicle

134

Excessive accumulation of fluid in the allantoic sacs associated with uterine disease.

Hydroallantosis

135

Condition

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Uterus Unicornis

136

Bartholin glands are

Vestibular Glands

137

Condition

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Adventitial Placentation

138

Causes abortion and these lesions in horses

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Equine Herpesvirus

139

Malignant mammary tumors

Carcinoma

Osteosarcoma

Carcinosarcoma

Fibrosarcoma

140

Condition

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Cystic Gartner's Ducts

141

Nodular appearance of the vaginal mucosa associated to lymphoid follicle proliferation in cattle seen with Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma infection.

Granular Vaginitis

142

Histologic appearance of what condition

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Prostatic Metaplasia

143

Environmental mastitis is caused by ubiquitous organisms and may be associated with metritis and septicemia.  

 

When caused by this pathogen however disease is acute and fatal due to vascular damage caused by its endotoxin.

E. coli

144

Except for infectious causes of infertility what is the cause of embryonic mortality and losses?

Chromosomal abnormalities

145

Disorder resulting in small ovaries without follicles commonly seen in Swedish Highland Cattle and in other cattle/mares with chromosomal abnormalities.

Ovarian hypoplasia

146

Condition

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Squamous Cell Carcinoma

147

Condition

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Transmissible Venereal Tumor (TVT)

148

Rupture of the Uterine Artery in horses can typically be associated with

Copper Deficiency

149

Metastatic neoplasm of the uterus

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Lymphosarcoma

150

Bilateral Hermaphrodite

Ovotestes both sides

151

Foci of squamous epithelium on the internal surface of the amnion; they are commonly present on the bovine amnion during the middle trimester of gestation.

Aminotic plaques

152

Most costly disease of dairy herds, usually due to infectious agents and has peak occurance shortly after calving and in the drying off period of cattle.

mastitis

153

Uncommon neoplasm composed of abnormal tissue derived from at least two or three  germ cell layers. Very common in young horses.

Teratoma

154

Contagious neoplasm of histocytic orgin.  Characteristic gross appearance characterized by papillary to pedunculated or multi-lobulated masses that are often ulcerated, inflammed and friable.  Histologic appearance characterized by solid sheets of large round/ovoid cells, eosinophilic and granular cells.

Transmissible Veneral Tumor - TVT

155

Dermatitis is associated with abortions of what etiology

Mycotic abortions

156

Gartner ducts are

Vestigial remnants of Wolffian ducts

157

Abnormality in the number or structure of the sex chromosomes

Abnormalities of Chromosomal Sex

158

Condition

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Interstitial Cell Tumor

159

Mosaics

Individuals composed of two or more cell populations but the cells origninate within the same individual

160

Viral abortions in cattle can be caused by

Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus

Akabane Virus

BHV -1

Blue Tongue Virus

Schmallenberg Virus

161

Condition

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Leiomyoma

162

Condition

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Seminoma

163

Gonadal sex disorder in which gonadal sex does not follow chromosomal sex

Sex Reversal

164

Stillbirth

Death of the fetus in the last part of gestation during the period where it is independently viable

165

Chromosomal sex disorder characterized by small ovaries, blind-ended uterus, poorly developed vagina, enlarged clitoris and presence of seminal vesicles in females whereas males are minimally affected.

Freemartin

166

Maceration

Dead fetus is retained and infected by bacteria

167

Condition

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Spermatocoele

168

Abnormality of gonadal sex where ovary and testis present in the same individual.

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True Hermaphrodite

169

Condition

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Prostatic Hyperplasia

170

Condition

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Varicocele

171

Contagious Mastitis agents

Streptococcus agalactiae

Staphylococcus aureus

Mycoplasma spp

172

Histological appearance of what condition

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Prostatic hyperplasia

173

Histologic appearance of what condition

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Interstitial Cell Tumors

174

Morphological Diagnosis

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 Cystic Endometrial Hyperplasia

175

Focal necrosis in the liver or other tissues is associated with abortions of what etiology

Herpesvirus

Campylobacter

176

Most likely cause of this gangrenous mastits?

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Staphylococcus aureus

177

Condition

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Hydrosalpinx

178

Most common ovarian tumor in cows and mares.  May be steroidally active.  Characteristic gross appearance-  polycystic with abundant hemorrhage and necrosis.  Histological characterisitc - call exner bodies.

Granulosa Cell Tumor

179

Amnion

smooth translucent membrane that surrounds the fetus and holds amniotic fluid; the fetal side can usually be identified by presence of amniotic plaques

180

Condition

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Mycotic Abortion

181

Disease

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Cryptochidism

182

Benign, non neoplastic proliferation of mammary ducts and connective tissue of cats on prolonged progesteron therapy.  Histological appearance characterized by lobules of branching ductual structures lined by epithelial cells surrounded by eematous myoepithelial stroma.

Mammary Fibroadematous Hyperplasia

183

Development of intercotyledonary placentation in cattle as a mechanism of compensaiotn of inadequate development of placentomes

Adventitial Placentation

184

What dis?

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Amniotic Plaques

185

Promote ovarian differentiation and development

DAX I Gene

186

Condition in which single or multiple cyst extend along the ovarian surface occasionally undergoing neoplastic transformation.

Cystic Subsurface Epithelial Structure - SES

187

Clinical abnormalities of male torti/calic cats

Testicular Hypoplasia

Infertility

188

Condition manifested by prolonged bloody vaginal discharge postpartum, gross appearance characterized by segmental thickening, endometrial hemorrhage and small amounts of serosanguinous fluid.

Subinvolution of Placental Sites

189

Morphological diagnosis

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Diffuse Fibrinosuppurative Metritis

190

Condition

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Endometriosis

191

Causes abortion in cattle during the last trimester.  Characterized by amnionitis.

Ureaplasma diversum

192

Phenotypic sex disorder in which chromosomal and gonadal sex agree, but the internal or external genitalia are ambiguous.

Pseudohermaphroditism

193

Condition

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Granulomatous Mastitis

194

Disease

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Orchitis

195

Disease and Etiology

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Dourine

Coital Exanthema (EHV-3) and Trypanosoma equiperdum

196

REVIEW MALE REPRO

REVIEW MALE REPRO

197

What dis?

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Hippomane

______________________

Incidental finding

198

Tumor of primordial germ cell  origin that is the female counterpart of testicular seminoma.  All are considered malignant

Dysgerminoma

199

Neoplasm of the uterus that is common in rabbits

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Uterine Adenocarcinoma

200

Neoplasm

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Leiomyoma 

201

Condition

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Adenomyosis