Respiratory Pathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Respiratory Pathology Deck (132):
1

Condition

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Inclusion Body Rhinitis

2

Condition

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Interstitial Emphysema

3

T/F: In cats, pnumonias are more common than upper respiratory infections.

False

4

Possible etiologies for Equine Viral Rhinopneumonitis

EHV -1 

EHV -4

5

Viruses that cause pneumonia in Cattle

Bovine Herpesvirus -1

Par-Influenza Virus - 3

Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus - BRSV

6

Etiology of Porcine Enzootic Pneumonia

Mycoplasma hyponeumoniae

7

Cattle: Disease that causes chronic necrotizing bronchopneumonia.  Histologic appearance shows caseous necrosis.

Mycoplasma bovis Pneumonia

8

Disease in sheep that is similar to Shipping Fever in cattle?

Ovine Penumonic Mannheimosis

9

Condition

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Guttural Pouch Empyema

10

Etiology of Verminous Bronchitis/Pneumonia in Swine

Metastrongylus spp

11

Condition

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Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma

12

Condition

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Aelurostrongylus abstrusus infection

13

Syndrome caused by type I hypersensitivity in cows sensitized by their own milk casein and lactalbumin

Milk Allergy

14

Condition

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Glasser's Disease

15

Condition

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Shipping Fever

16

Cattle: Disease occurs several days to weeks after shipment.  Causes fibrinous bronchopneumonia and marbling of pulmonary parenchyma.  Histologic appearance shows coagulative necrosis.

Pneumonic Mannheimosis - Shipping Fever

17

Highly contagious and often fatal respiratory disease of pigs 2-5 months of age characterized by fibrinous bronchopneumonia on the dorsal area of the caudal lung lobe.

Porcine Contagious Pleuropneumonia

18

Etiology of Porcine Contagious Pleuropneumonia

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

19

Respiratory disease of equids that causes transient broncho-interstitial pnumonia.  Histological appearance shows foamy eosinophilic proteinaceous material within alveoli

Equine Adenovirus

___________________________

Common complication in Arabian foals with SCID

20

What are these called?

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Chondroids

21

Type of necrosis seen on histology associated with Pneumonic Mannheimiosis

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Coagulative Necrosis

22

Condition and Etiology

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Stranges

Streptococcus equi

23

Condition

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Fibrinous Rhinitis

24

Etiology of Respiratory Hisophilosis in cattle

Histophilus somni

25

What pigment is stained?  What stain is used?

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Hemosiderin Laden Macrophages - Heart Failure Cells

Iron (Perls) Stain

26

Condition

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Viral Pneumonia

27

Etiology of Septicemic Pasteurellosis

Mannheimia haemolytica (Biotype A)

Bibersteinia (Pasteurella) trehalosi (Biotype T)

28

Condition

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Mesothelioma

29

Systemic characteristics of what condition?

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Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis

30

Condition

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Tracheal Collapse

31

Condition

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Bovine Enzootic Pneumonia

32

Respiratory disease of pigs characterized by mild bronchointerstitial, necrotizing bronchiolitis

Porcine Respiratory Coronavirus - PRC

33

Mucous accumulation and Goblet Cell metaplasia are characteristic of what condition?

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Recurrent Airway Obstruction (RAO)

34

Condition

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Ethmoidal Hematoma

35

Etiology of Glassers Disease

Haemophilus parasuis

36

MDx

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Multifocal subpleural pneumonitis

37

Condition

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Atrophic Rhinitis

38

Condition

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Guttural Pouch Tympany

39

Parasite of cats that causes subpleural nodules containing larvae and eggs.

Aelurostrongylus abstrusu

40

Condition

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Nasal Neoplasia

41

Condition

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Pyothorax

42

Pathogenesis of Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis

Type II hypersensitivity reaction to inhaled organic antigens and local deposition of Ag-Ab complexes in the lungs

43

Etiology of Verminous Bronchitis/Pneumonia in Cattle

Dictyocaulus viviparus

44

Pathogenesis of Bovine Pulmonary Edema and Emphysema

  1. Cattle grazing "fog" pastures
  2. L-Tryptophan metabolized in rumen to 3 methylindole
  3. Absorbed into blood and carried to lungs
  4. Metabolized by mixed function oxidases of non-ciliated bronchiolar epithelial cells to pneumotoxic compound

45

Condition

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Atrophic rhinitis

46

Common etiologies of mycotic pneumonia in dogs

Blastomyces dermatitidis

Histoplasmosis

47

Condition

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Laryngeal Hemiplegia

48

Condition

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Aspiration Pneumonia

49

Condition

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Chronic enzootic pneumonia

50

Etiology of Nocardiosis

Nocardia asteroides

51

Condition

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Bovine Tuberculosis

52

Respiratory disease of foals causing chronic pyogranulomatous pneumonia.

Rhodococcus equi Bronchopneumonia

53

Condition and Etiology

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54

Condition

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Guttural Pouch Mycosis

55

Respiratory disease of pigs characterized by progressive emaciation, interstitial pneumonia and is often complicated by secondary infection with pneumocytis carinii.

Postweaning Multisystemic Wasting Syndrome - PMWS

56

T/F: Primary pulmonary neoplasms are rare in animals, however metastatic neoplasms are relatively common.

True

57

Condition

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Mycotic Pneumonia

58

MDx

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Chronic suppurative bronchopneumonia

59

Condition

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Mycoplasma bovis pneumonia

60

Condition

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Porcine Enzootic Pneumonia

61

Clinical sign of what condition?

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Recurrent Airway Obstruction (RAO)

62

Condition

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Squamous Cell Carcinoma

63

MDx

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Granulomatous Pneumonia

64

Disease that causes catarrhal bronchitis and histologically eosinophilc and granulomatous infection.

Verminous Bronchitis/ Pneumonia

65

Etiology of Ovine Progressive Pneumonia

Maedi-Visna Virus

66

Disease that causes llymphocytic interstitial pneumonia, non suppurative encephalitis, lymphocytic arthritis, lymphofollicular mastitis and vasculitis in sheep

Ovine Progressive Pneumonia - OPP

67

Marbling appearance of the pulmonary parencyma is consistent with what condition?

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Pneumonic Mannheimiosis

68

Condition

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Mycotic Pnumonia

69

Condition

Etiology

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Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis

Feline Herpesvirus 1

70

Condition

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Chylothorax

71

Etiology of Verminous Bronchitis/Pneumonia in Equids

Dictyocaulus arnfieldi

72

Pathogenesis of Rhodococcus equi bronchopneumonia

  1. Cytokines, lysosomal enzymes and bacterial toxins are responsible for  extensive caseous necrosis of the lungs and recruitment of large numbers of neutrophils, macrophages and giant cells containing numerous intracytoplasmic organisms

73

Condition and MDx

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Guttural Pouch Mycosis

74

MDx

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Fibrinous pleuritis

75

Non-infectious pneumonias of dogs

Uremia

Paraquat Toxicity

76

Condition

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Ovine Pulmonary Carcinoma

77

Multifactorial respiratory disease of pig characterized by suppurative or catarrhal bronchopneumonia with BALT hyperplasia.

Porcine Enzootic Pneumonia

78

Bovine Enzootic Pneumonia causes what type of lesion

Chronic suppurative bronchopneumonia

79

Condition

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Bastard Strangles

80

Condition

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Nasal Fibrosarcoma

81

Respiratory disease of sheep that affects lambs 5-12 months old causing necrotizing pharyngitis and tonsilitis, septicemia with disseminated intravascular thrombosis and bacteremia

Septicemic Pasteurellosis

82

Viruses that cause pneumonias in sheep

Par-Influenza Virus - 3

RSV

83

Respiratory disease of pigs that is characterized by fibrinou pleuritis and pneumonia.

Glasser's Disease

84

Possible etiologies for Bovine Enzootic Pneumonia

Respiratory Viruses

Mycoplasma

Chlamydophila

85

Describe how the ingestion of moldy potatos can cause respiratory disease in cattle

Moldy potatos contain 4-ipomeanol which is metabolized  by mixed function oxydaes in the lung to potent pnumotoxicant

86

Etiology of Bovine Tuberculosis

Mycoplasma bovis

87

Respiratory disease characterized by chronic pleuritis with sulfer granules

Nocardiosis

88

Condition

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Bovine Pulmonary Edema and Emphysema - "Fog Fever"

89

Cattle: Part of a disease complex that causes suppurative or fibrinous bronchopneumonia that may be indistinguishable from Shipping Fever.

Respiratory Histophilosis

90

Etiology of Ovine Pulmonary Carcinoma

Transmissible Retrovirus

91

Histology shows syncytial cells with what condition?

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Viral Pneumonia

92

Etiology of Verminous Bronchitis/Pneumonia in Sheep and Goats

Dictyocaulus filaria

93

Condition

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Pneumonic Mannheimiosis

"Shipping Fever"

94

Condition and MDx

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Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS)

Patchy pulmonary atelectasis

95

Condition

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Verminous Bronchitis / Pneumonia

96

Condition

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Necrotic Laryngitis - Calf Diphtheria

97

Condition

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Pulmonary Anthracosis

98

Condition

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Uremic Pneumonitis

99

Disease that histologically consists of hyaline membranes, type II pneumocyte hyperplasia and interstital fibrosis with cellular infiltrates.

Atypical Interstital Pneumonia (AIP) of Cattle

100

Condition

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Hydrothorax

101

Infectious pneumonias of dogs

Infectious Tracheobronchitis

Canine Distemper

Canine Adenovirus 2

Canine Herpes virus 1

Canine Influenza Virus

102

Condition and MDx

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Infectious Bovine Rhinotrachitis

Ulcerative and necrotizing laryngo-tracheitis

103

Condition

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Pulmonary Atelectasis

104

Calves with what disease are highly susceptible to bronchopneumonia?

Bovine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency

105

Histology shows hyaline membranes, type II pneumocyte hyperplasia and interstitial fibrosis with cellular infiltrates with this condition

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Atypical Interstitial Pneumonias

106

Condition

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Feline Calicivirus

107

 Disease that causes multifocal granulomatous pneumonia in cattle.

Bovine Tuberculosis

108

Respiratory disease of equids causing a multifocal, necrotizing and hemorrhagic pneumonia

Mycotic pneumonia

109

Condition

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Pulmonary Edema

110

Granulomatous pneumonia in dogs is commonly associated with what disease?

Mycotic Pneumonia

111

Condition

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Respiratory Histophilosis

112

Respiratory disease of dogs characterized by broncho-interstitial pneumonia and often complicated by secondary bacterial infections.

Canine Distemper

113

Mesothelioma in cattle can be caused by

Congential anomaly

Inhalation of asbestos

114

Syndromes that make up Atypical Interstitial Pneunomia

Bovine Pulmonary Edema and Emphysema

Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis

Reinfection Syndrome

Milk Allergy

Moldy Potato Toxicity

115

Respiratory disease of pigs that causes interstitial pneumonia, late term abortions, stillbirths and is often complicated by secondary infection with Pneumocytis carinii.

Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome - PRRS

116

Condition

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Hemothorax

117

Condition

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Rhodococcus equi pnumonia

118

Disease that causes edema and interstital pneumonia by different pathogenesis'

Atypical Interstitial Pneumonia (AIP)

119

Cattle: Cause transient rhino-tracheitis and broncho-interstitial pnumonia with formation of eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies and formation of syncytial cells.

Viral Pneumonia

120

Etiology of Shipping Fever

Mannheimia haemolytica

121

Condition

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Canine Distemper

122

Etiology of Postweaning Multisystemic Wasting Syndrome - PMWS

Porcine Circovirus 2 

123

Condition and Etiology

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Granulomatous rhinitis

Rhinosporidium seeberi

124

Multifocal subpleural pneumonitis of sheep is caused by what etiologic agent?

Muellerius capillaris

125

Condition

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Bullous emphysema

126

Syndrome caused by hypersensitivity to Dictyocaulus spp or BRSV

Reinfection Syndrome

127

MDx

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Chronic pleuritis with "sulfur" granules

128

Condition and Etiology

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Enzootic Nasal Carcinoma/Adenocarcinoma

Enzootic Nasal Tumor Virus

129

Condition

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Bovine Enzootic Pneumonia

130

Possible eitology of Equine Mycotic Pnumonia

Aspergillus

131

Respiratory disease of sheep that affects young ( < 1 year) causing suppurative bronchopneumonia

Chronic Enzootic Pneumonia

132

Condition

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Porcine Contagious Pleuropneumonia