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RUSVM Pathology II > Lab Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab Exam Deck (127):
1

Morphological Diagnosis

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Catharal enteritis

2

Lesions caused by thiamine deficiency in carnivores are typically found in what area of the brain?

Caudal colliculi

3

Morphological diagnosis

Multifocal ulceration and gastric hyperplasia

4

Gross Morphological Diagnosis

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Adrenocortical Hyperplasia

5

Morphological Diagnosis

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Suppurative pneumonia

6

Gross Morphological Diagnosis

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Nodular Thyroid Hyperplasia

7

Two areas of the brain that are affected in Nigropallidal encephalomalacia

Globus Pallidus

Substantia nigra

8

Morphological Diagnosis

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Inguinal hernia incarceration

9

Morphological Diagnosis

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Coronary artherosclerosis

10

Morphological Diagnosis

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Multifocal to coalescing necrotizing (ulcerative) gastritis

11

Morphological Diagnosis

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Lymphocytic Thyroiditis

12

Morphologic Diagnosis

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Hepatic Cirrhosis

13

Condition

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Hepatosis Dietetica of Swine - Massive Hepatic Necrosis

14

Gross Morphological Diagnosis

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Parathyroid Hyperplasia

15

Morphological Diagnosis

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Enlarged lymph nodes with diffuse dark brown to black pigmentation

16

Condition

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Fatty Liver Syndrome

17

What complication can arise from this lesion?

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Bronchopneumonia

18

Morphological Diagnosis

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Ulcerative stomatitis

19

Morphological Diagnosis

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Reticulum Lymphosarcoma

20

Morphologial Diagnosis

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Fibrino-hemorrhagic and necrotizing pneumonia

21

Disease

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Chronic Nephritis

22

Morphological Diganosis

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Chronic Hepatic Congestion

23

Morphological Diagnosis

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Pyogranulomatous Pneumonia

24

Etiology

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Pasturella

25

Morphological Diagnosis and Pathogenesis

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26

Etiology

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Ulceration due to Gastrophillus spp

Hyperplasia due to Trichostrongylus axei

27

Etiology

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Feline Peritonitis Virus

28

Morphological Diagnosis

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Proliferation ileitis

29

Disease

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Brown Bowel Syndrome

30

Etiology

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Fusarium verticilloides

31

Condition

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Torsion of the Umbilical Cord

32

Cause of this disease?

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Vitamin E deficiency 

33

Possible differential diagnosis

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NSAID over-use

Uremic Ulcers

34

Gross Morphological Diagnosis

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Splenomegaly

35

Disease

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Embolic Pneumonia

36

Lesions associated with uremia are secondary to:

Damage to endothelial cells

Altered calcium-phosphorus metabolism

Ammonia secretion

Decreased erythropoietin and increased erythrocyte fragility

37

Etiology

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Lawsonia intracellularis

38

Describe this tissue

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Normal rumen from a llama

39

Disease

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Melanoma

40

Morphological Diagnosis

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Cholangial hepatitis

41

Morphologial Diagnosis

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Ulcerative glossitis and esophagitis

42

Etiologial Diagnosis

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Ascaridial Enteritis

43

Morphological Diagnosis

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Necrohemorrhagic enteritis

44

Disease

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Spiral Swine Dysentery

45

Etiology

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Gastrophillus spp

46

Morphological Diagnosis

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Atrophic Rhinitis

47

Etiology

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Fascioloides magna

48

Describe this tissue

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Normal esophagus of a cat

49

50

Pathogenesis of thiamine deficiency in carnivores

Ingestion of increased amounts of fish

51

Etiology

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Rhodococcus Equi

52

Cause

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Thiamine Deficiency

53

Disease

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Equine Leukoencephalomalacia - Moldy Corn Toxicity

54

Etiology

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Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus

55

Morphological Diagnosis

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Multifocal granulomatous vasculitis/peritonitis

56

Etiology

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Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis

57

Disease and Etiology

Caseous Lymphadenitis

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis

58

Disease

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Nigropallidal Encephalomalacia

59

Disease

Thymic Thymoma

60

What would you expect on bloodwork with this lesion?

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Decreased Glucose Concentration

61

Etiology

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Mycotic dermatitis

62

Morphologic diagnosis of this liver from a rabbit

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Chronic multifocal cholangial hepatitis

63

Morphological Diagnosis

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Oral Papillomatosis

64

Lesion associated with what disease

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Calcinosus cutus associated with Cushings Disease (Hyperadrenocorticism)

65

Morpholoical Diagnosis

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Acute segmental hemorrhagic enteritis

66

Etiologic Diagnosis

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Intestinal Coccidiosis

67

Morphological Diagnosis

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Multifocal to coalescing hyperplastic dermatitis with hyperkeratosis

68

Morphological Diagnosis

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Intestinal intussusception

69

Animals that die of renal failure do so by a combination of

Electrolyte imbalances

Metabolic acidosis

Cardiotoxicity due to increased serum K+ 

Pulmonary edema

70

Etiologic Diagnosis

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Uremic Pneumonitis

71

Morphological Diagnosis

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Ulcerative Stomatitis

72

Describe this condition

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Eponychium - "Golden Slippers"

Normal protective covering of hoofed animals

73

What dis?

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Phytobezours

74

Possible differential diagnosis?

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BVD

Mucosal disease

MCF

75

Morphological Diagnosis

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Bilaterally symmetric encephalomalacia

__________________________________

Lesions located in the basal nuclei

76

Morphological Diagnosis

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Granulomatious Enteritis

77

Condition

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Hepatic Fracture

78

What is the most likely pathological process?

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Disorder of growth

79

Etiology

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Clostridium perfringens type D

80

Describe this lesion

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Contraction of the tissue caused by loss of parenchyma with scarring.  The cortical surface is irregular and nodular and will not be easily removed.

81

Morphological Diagnosis

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Necrotizing placentitis

82

Describe this abnormality

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Meconium Staining - sign of fetal distress

83

Morphologic Diagnsosis

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Parasitic Hepatitis

84

Gross Morphological Diagnosis

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Islet Cell Carcinoma

85

Stains used to confirm diagnosis of a fungal infection?

GMS Stain

PAS Stain

86

Possible Differentital Diagnosis

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Malignant Melanoma

Myeloblastoma

Fibrosarcoma

SCC

87

Etiologic diagnosis of this liver from a rabbit

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Hepatic coccidiosis

88

Describe the pathogenesis of anemia related to renal insufficiency

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  1. Decreased EPO due to renal damage
  2. Uremia causes blood loss into the GI tract

89

Disease

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Canine Parvoviral Enteritis

90

Morphological Diganosis

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Bilaterally Symmetric Encephalomalacia

91

Ethylene glycol toxicosis can cause what type of renal damage?

Renal Tubular Necrosis

92

Morphological diagnosis of lesion caused by thiamine deficiency in cattle.

Polioencephalomalacia

93

Condition

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Renal Atherosclerosis

94

Etiology

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Pasturella

95

Normal gestation for a horse is 

11 months

96

Etiology

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Dipylidium caninum

97

Morphological Diagnosis

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Necrohemorrhagic colitis

98

Misplacement of nasogastric tube caused what disease in this foal?

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Aspiration pneumonia

99

Morphological Diagnosis

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Dystrophic mineralization of gastric mucosa

100

Possible DDX

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Adrenocortical adenoma

Theochromocytoma

101

Etiology

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Parvovirus Type 2

102

Disease characterized by enlarged spleen, acute death, bloating and bleeding from orifices.

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Anthrax

103

Morphological Diagnosis

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Megaesophagus

104

What is this tissue?

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Esophagus from Leatherback Seaturtle

105

Morphological Diagnosis

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Nasal Adenocarcinoma

106

Etiologic Diagnosis

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Uremic Gastritis

107

Etiology

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Brachyspira hyodysenteriae

108

Morphological Diagnosis

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Squamous Cell Carcinoma

109

Disease

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Porcine Contagious Pleural Pneumonia

110

Morphological Diagnosis

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Megaesophagus and persistant right aotic arch (PRAA)

111

Disease

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Melanoma

112

Etiology

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Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis

113

Morphological Diagnosis

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Acquired stenosis (jejunal stricture)

114

Morphological Diagnosis

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Ulceration, perforation and rupture of the duodenum

115

Morphological Diagnosis

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Palatoschisis

116

Pathogenesis

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  1. Kidney not filtering waste the way it should
  2. Urea builds up in the blood
  3. In oral cavity, urea is metabolized to ammonia which is caustic

117

Morphological Diagnosis

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Leukoencephalomalacia

118

Morphological Diagnosis

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Multifocal Ulceration

119

Morphological Diagnosis

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Multifocal to Coalesing necrotizing gastritis

120

What are two ways you can differentiate whether an animal was stillborn or died after birth.

Presence of intacted eponychium in hoofed animals = likely stillborn

Lung tissue

121

Possible DDx?

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Barbiturate Euthanasia

Splenic torsion and volvulus

Lymphosarcoma

122

Etiology

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Bovien Leukemia Virus

123

Possible differential diagnosis

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Hypothyroidism

Diabetes mellitus

124

Disease

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Caseous Lymphaditis

125

These plants can cause what disease in horses?  What is the toxin?

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Nigropallidal Encephalomalacia

Repin Toxin

______________________________

Yellow Star Thistle and Russian Knapweed

126

Morphological Diagnosis

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Dental Calculus (Plaque)

127

Cause of this lesion?

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Pituitary Adenoma (Mars distalis)