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1

A randomized controlled trial of the effects of nursing care based on Watson's Theory of Human Caring on distress, self-efficacy and adjustment in infertile women

*Quantitative research*:
1. Researchers studied the effects of nursing care based on the Theory of Human Caring (Jean Watson) on distress caused by infertility, perceived self-efficacy and adjustment levels.
2. Those who received the intervention had improved scores in all three categories; there was no change in the control group.

2

Infertility article - research design

Randomized controlled trial (RCT).

3

Infertility article - data collection

1. Sociodemographic data form.
2. Pretest and posttest measures.
3. The Infertility Distress Scale; the Turkish-Infertility Self Efficacy Scale Short Form; the Turkish-Fertility Adjustment Scale.

4

Infertility article - data analysis

1. *Dependent 𝑡-test* - compared scores from one group with scores from another group.
2. Chi-square tests.
3. Intention-to-treat analyses.

5

Infertility article - sample

105 Turkish women, with 52 in the intervention group and 53 in the control group.

6

Infertility article - statistics used for the demographic characteristics

Descriptive statistics, specifically percentages.

7

The inner door: Toward an understanding of suicidal patients

*Qualitative research - ethnography.*

8

Suicide (ethnography) article - research approach

Two years of participant observation in a psychiatric medical care center in Taiwan. Interviews were also used. Purpose was to understand how nurses resolve their suicide care dilemmas. The "inner door" was a conceptualization of how nurses either embraced or distanced themselves from suicidal patients.

9

Bullying in the nursing profession

*Qualitative research - grounded theory.*
3-year study that explored nursing students' self-esteem and how their experiences of preregistration education influenced its development.

10

Bullying (grounded theory) article - research approach

Unstructured qualitative interviews at the beginning and end of the 3-year program; a grounded theory approach was used for data collection and analysis. Approach was chosen because grounded theory focuses on description and the generation of theory; focuses on the concerns of those involved rather than the concerns of the researcher.

11

Bullying (grounded theory) article - basic findings

Bullying was found to be a commonplace occurrence that negatively impacted students' self-esteem. Nurses had power over students as well as over patients. Students internalized this behavior and became bullies themselves.

12

Nurses' Participation in the Euthanasia Programs of Nazi Germany

*Qualitative research - historical.*

13

Finding the New Normal: Accepting Changes After Combat-Related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

*Qualitative research - grounded theory.*
Explored family reintegration experiences, as described by married dyads, following a combat-related mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).

14

mTBI article - research approach

Face-to-face, semistructured interviews were used; a grounded theory approach was applied.

15

mTBI article - basic findings

Overarching theme was finding the "new normal" related to changes and mismatched expectations associated with the mTBI.

16

Surviving Ebola: Understanding experience through artistic expression

*Qualitative research - phenomenology.*
Participants made drawings and gave interviews to describe their experiences about being survivors of Ebola. Phenomenology was used to analyze the data.

17

Ebola article - research approach

Phenomenology. This approach was chosen because the researchers wanted others to understand the experience of surviving Ebola; drawings were used as representations of collective reflection and an expression of meaning.

18

Ebola article - basic findings

Drawings were used to analyze the participants' "relationship" with the Ebola virus or life-threatening illness in general. Four categories emerged: Escape in peaceful awareness; hope for a world outside of fear; persistence in defying death; constant fear of dying.