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1

Research critique

1. Critical evaluation of a piece of reported research. Usually 2 or 3 pages long; typically not published.
2. Involves evaluating the *strengths and weaknesses* of the research process to determine the overall *applicability* of findings.

2

Research review

1. Identification and summary of major findings and characteristics of a study.
2. Involves giving a synopsis of the study, pointing out major characteristics of the study, highlighting key points and major features, and discussing implications for practice.

3

Constructive vs. destructive critique

Professionalism, etiquette, and empathy for the researcher should be used; strengths/areas of excellence should be discussed first; weaknesses/criticisms should be supported by explanations; focus should be on advising the researcher and improving the work and nursing science at large.

4

Deciding the overall usefulness of a research report requires _

Systematic review and critical appraisal.

5

Research Appraisal Checklist

A tool for evaluating research reports consisting of a set of 50 statements grouped into eight categories (title; abstract; problem; review of literature; methodology; data analysis; discussion; form and style). Each statement is scored from 1 to 4, and the eight categories are weighted (by the evaluator) to reflect the relative importance of each category.

6

Main sections of a research critique

1. Problem statement.
2. Research methodology.
3. Results, conclusions, and interpretations.
4. Recommendations/implications for further study in practice, education, research.

7

Limitations in qualitative research reports

Qualitative research studies should *not* include sample size as a limitation (qualitative research studies will always have a small sample size); lack of information for how saturation was achieved *is* a limitation.

8

In critiquing a research report, where does the researcher state the particular question(s) to be investigated?

Purpose statement.

9

In critiquing a research report, where would the researcher find information on possible sources of sampling error and sample size?

Methods.