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Flashcards in RT 207 Mid-term Deck (80):
1

Rectal temperatures may be contraindicated because?

The procedure may stimulate the Vagus Nerve

2

A patient will be most comfortable when in severe abdominal pain when?

Lying recumbent, bolster under knees, head slightly raised

3

A Pig o Stat is used to immobilize infants for?

Upright chest radiography

4

Tom Bordin question is - hyperventilation

Blank

5

In electrocardiogram PVC stands for?

premature ventricular contraction

6

A normal oxygen saturation value is represented by what ______to _______%

95-100%

7

Not a factor seen when looking for signs in child abuse is....

A broken radius

8

When you have drained a urinary collection bag you should not ....

re-Insert the catheter back in the patient

9

When is it not advisable to take a patient's temperature orally?

Patient is: just had a hot or cold beverage, breathing mask, breathing through mouth

10

A sight to monitor an irregular or slow pulse is?

The apex of the heart; apical pulse

11

What laboratory value is the best indicator for kidney function?

the creatinine

12

What blood pressure reading would fall into the range of being categorized as stage 1 hypertension?

140/90

13

What blood pressure reading would fall into the range of the new normal?

115/75

14

When a patient is experiencing tachypnea, he is breathing more than, how many breaths per minute?

20 breaths per minute

15

What laboratory test would not be performed to determine the blood's ability to clot?

Hemoglobin Concentration

16

Tachycardia, along with a weak or thready pulse is usually a result of?

Low blood volume

17

Reducing the probability of infectious organisms to a susceptible individual is?

Medical Asepsis

18

Which of the following are not micro-organisms?

Fomites

19

What is involved in the body's first line of defense against infection?

Answer (B)

20

These micro-organisms appear as yeasts or molds and infect the skin, nail beds, and scalp?

Fungi

21

What is involved in the cycle of infection?

Pathogen, Mode of Transmission, Susceptible Host

22

The portal of entry describes the mode by which the pathogen _________ the body.

enters the body

23

Upon completion of an isolation procedure, the first step is to?

Untie your waist belt

24

The transport of microorganisms by means of contaminated food,water, drugs, or blood is a ________.

Vehicle

25

According to the CDC, an inexpensive environmental surface germicide, that is effective against, HIV is a solution of?

1 part sodium hydro-chloride bleach, to 10 parts water

26

Sub-cellular organisms that are among the smallest disease causing micro-organisms are called?

Viruses

27

The practice of separating infectious patients from others and carefully controlling items that come in contact with these patients is called?

Isolation techniuqe

28

Under the system of protective pre-cautions the radiographer who handles the x-ray unit, drops the image receptor into a clean, sterile cover is known as?

Answer (D)

29

Which microorganism is classified according to their shape, and a staining process?

Bacteria

30

Passive Immunity is immunity that occurs as a result of?

A infection of pre-formed anti-bodies

31

Pre-cautions for the compromised patient may include : Answer (D)
1. Cleaning equipment before entering the room
2. Hand hygiene before entering the room
3. The use of masks, gowns, and sometimes gloves

Blank

32

The portal of exit describes the method by which the pathogen ________ the body.

Exits the body

33

A spirosheek is an example of what kind of micro-organism

Bacterium

34

Single-celled animals that are classified according to whether or not they are motile are called?

Protozoa

35

When taking a radiograph of a patient with a contagious disease, what does the dirty radiographer do?

Positions the patient and the touches the covered image receptor

36

Properties of pathogens that distinguish them from normal flora are called?

Virulance factors

37

Any warm moist place, such as the human body, where microorganism can grow and reproduce, is called a?

Resevoir of infection

38

Which of the following describes the proper procedure for disposing of the needle and syringe after use?

Re-tract the needle, do not dispose of the syringe, and place in a sharps container

39

Which set of transmission based precautions is used for patients with multi-drug resistant wound infections?

Contact Pre-cautions

40

What type of mico-organisms that is very difficult to treat medically, becuase there are few effective medications?

Viruses

41

What is not considered a portal of entry for pathogenic organisms?

The Rectum

42

The current CDC recommendations for isolating patients with known is infections is called?

Transmission based precautions

43

Immunity that is passed from mother to child, from the mother's milk is referred to as?

Passive Immunity

44

Malaria, Bubonic plague, rocky mountain spotted fever, are example of diseases that are spread by?

Vectors

45

SNM

Society of Nuclear Medicine

46

ISRRT

International Society of Radiographers and Radiological Technologists:
One of more than 70 national organizations of technologists around the world

47

SDMS

Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography

48

AHRA

American Healthcare Radiology Administration

49

AVIR

Association of Vascular and Interventional Radiographers

50

Emergency Department Physician

Specializes in TRAUMA and EMERGENCY situations; a TRIAGE EXPERT in disaster situations.

51

Intensivist

Specialist, OFTEN a PULMONOLOGIST, who treats patients in the INTENSIVE CARE unit.

52

Orthopedic Surgeon

Diagnoses and treats problems of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM

53

HIPAA

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

54

Intentional Misconduct

Type of Tort that includes: ASSAULT, BATTERY, FALSE IMPRISONMENT, INVASION OF PRIVACY, LIBEL, and SLANDER (defamation of character)

55

Libel and Slander

Refer to malicious spreading of information that causes defamation of character or loss of reputation

56

Negligence

Refers to the neglect or omission of reasonable care or caution

57

Malpractice

Act of negligence in the context of a relationship between a professional person and a patient/client where the professional has a duty to provide reasonable care.

58

Gross Negligence

Negligent act that involves "reckless disregard for life and limb"

59

Contributory Negligence

Applies when the hospital as an entity is Negligent.

60

res ipsa loquitur

"The thing speaks for itself"

61

The only recognized professional society open to all radiologic technologists in the US today is the _____?

ASRT

62

The day-to-day scheduling of staff in the radiography department is the responsibility of the ______________?

Lead Radiographer (or Manager)

63

A Pulmonologist who practices exclusively in a hospital ICU may be referred to as ______.

Internist

64

Image Intensifier

Allows image to be viewed in ambient light rather than in the dark (original images were very dim)

65

Designed the first "HOT CATHODE" X-ray tube which became the prototype for modern X-ray tubes

William Coolidge

66

Determined as the OVERALL BLACKNESS of an image;
In film/screen, density is controlled by mAs (Greater mAs = Darker image)

Optical Density

67

- Developed FIRST FLUOROSCOPE.
- Developed many of the FLUORESCENT MATERIALS used in today's imaging

Thomas Edison

68

Smallest unit of EM energy

Photon

69

Defined as the DIFFERENCE in the optical DENSITY of adjacent STRUCTURES within the image (primarily controlled by kVp).

Image Contrast

70

SHORTER wavelengths = ___ energy and ___ penetration of tissues

SHORTER wavelengths = MORE energy and GREATER penetration of tissues

71

An Increase in kVp = _______ Wavelength X-Rays

An Increase in kVp = SHORTER Wavelength X-Rays

72

Effects of SID and OID on Detail

Increase in SID = Increased Detail

Decrease in OID = Decreased Detail

73

Caused by UNEQUAL MAGNIFICATION of the parts in the subject:

Shape Distortion

74

Higher kVp = ___ contrast (___shades of gray)

Higher kVp = LOWER contrast (MORE SHADES of gray)

75

Greater mAs = _____ x-ray photons = _____ image

Greater mAs = MORE x-ray photons = DARKER image

76

FIRST documented MEDICAL USE of X-ray in US (boy's fractured wrist) at Dartmouth Colle

February 1896

77

Lower kVp = ___contrast (___ shades of gray)

Lower kVp = HIGHER contrast (FEWER shades of gray)

78

Discovered INTERRUPTERLESS TRANSFORMERS that provided the necessary electricity for X-ray production

H.C. Snook

79

rem = ___ x ___

rem = rad x WF

80

5 Ways of Controlling Voluntary Motion

1. Giving clear instructions
2. Providing patient comfort
3. Adjusting support devices
4. Applying immobilization
5. Decreasing exposure time