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Flashcards in Sect 1 and 2 Deck (47):
0

Elizabeth I (1558-1603)

Protestant Queen of England (25)
Daughter of Henry VIII

1

English exploration for Elizabeth

Humphrey Gilbert- Newfoundland and Walter Raleigh-Virginia

2

Philip II

Catholic King of Spain
Protestants who explore made Philip nervous
built an Armada

3

Frances Drake

Sea Dog
circumnavigation in 1580
Became honored by queen Elizabeth (Frances Drake) and fought a little in the Spanish Armada

4

How did England defeat the Spanish Armada?

Set fire to a few of their ships which separated the Armada and then fought them one by one (Protestant wind)
Storm at sea
1588

5

What did the defeat of the Spanish Armada allow England to do?

Explore without interference

6

What is the difference between a privateer and a pirate? Which one was Sir Frances Drake

They both raid ships, but a privateer has authorization from the government
Frances Drake was a privateer

7

Galleons

Heavy ships with square rigged sails and long, raised decks

8

John Hawkins

Naval commander under queen Elizabeth
Organized English fleet
134 ships-smaller than Spanish but had more ammunition

9

Henry of Navigator

Protestant prince that led the fight for Protestantism
Became king (Henry IV) and converted to Catholicism
Ended the war between Protestants and Catholics

10

John White

Led the second expedition (went with Walter Raleigh) to Roanoke Island
Went back to England to get supplies
Came back to Roanoke and found no one, only one word: CROATOAN
Went back to England

11

Virginia Dare

Granddaughter of John White
First European born in the Americas

12

Charters

The right to establish settlements in an area

13

Roanoke Island

Island off the coast of NC that Walter Raleigh traveled to

14

Joint-stock company

Investors buy stock, or part ownership in a company in return for a share of its future profits

15

The Virginia Company

Got a charter from England to settle in Virginia
They were also a joint-stock company
First sailed into Chesapeake Bay and up a river (called it James after King James)

16

Jamestown

First permanent English settlement in Virginia by the Virginia company (1607)
Named after their king
On a peninsula

17

Captain John Smith

27 years
An experienced explorer and soldier
Governor of Jamestown
Had strict rules

18

John Rolfe

Learned to grow a type of tobacco using seeds from the West Indies
Married Pocahontas

19

Pocahontas

Daughter of Indian chief Powhatan
Married John Rolfe

20

Burgesses

One of the two reps sent from each of the ten towns to attend an assembly and be a part of the House of Burgesses to make decisions for the local community

21

Sir Humphrey Gilbert

Claimed Newfoundland for England

22

Sir Walter Raleigh

Gets a charter and settles in the lost colony of Roanoke
Colony was a disaster after a year of no food, wars with natives, and a very cold winter

23

What was the starving time?

It was a harsh winter
90% mortality rate
John Smith was injured
1609-1610

24

Powhatan

The most powerful chief in Virginia
Daughter-Pocahontas
Traded corn until he didn't want to anymore-then English took it by force
John smith held his brother at gunpoint

25

What was important about 1619

90 women arrive (120 pounds of tobacco to marry a women)
House of Burgesses – 1st representative government
Black indentured servants/slaves arrive
1619

26

What did the women do in Virginia?

Hard work, made everything from scratch
Food
Clothes
Medicines
Etc.

27

Dissented

People who disagreed with the beliefs or practices of the Anglican Church.

28

Persecuted

Treated harshly for believing something the church does not.

29

Puritans

People who wanted to change, or reform the Anglican Church.

30

Separatists

People who wanted to leave and set up their own Church.

31

Pilgrims

Separatists who made a journey to the new World for religious freedom.

32

The Mayflower

Had many different people on it
First land spotted: Cape Cod (they decided to drop anchor there)sailed to north
William Bradford: their leader
1620

33

Mayflower Compact

A document from the Pigrims that pledged their loyalty to England and their intention of forming a new colony

34

Squanto and Samoset

Two Native Americans (Squanto was kidnapped, and knew English) who befriended the colonists (taught them how to grow crops and where to fish and hunt)(peace treaty)
Squanto betrayed them because he wanted to become sachem (chief)

35

Massasoit

A Wampanoag leader who made a treaty with the Pilgrims in March 1621, and the two groups lived in peace.

36

John Winthrop

Governer of Colony north of Plymoth
1630 he led 900 people to Massachusetts Bay
Settled in Boston

37

Great Migration

When more than 15,000 Puritans migrated to America to escape religious persecution and economic hard times

38

Thomas Hooker

Became dissatisfied with Winthrop and Massachusetts
Founded Hartford
Merged with Winsdor and Wethersfeild and created the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (first written constitution in Amerca)

39

Roger Williams

A minister that believed that the government should not force people (persecution) to worship a certain way and that it was wrong to take land from Native Americans
Banished from Massachusetts and founded the town of Providence
Later received a charter and founded Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (everyone could worship freely)

40

John Wheelwright

Founded the town of New Hampshire-which became independant later

41

James I

King after Elizabeth

42

Charles I

Son of James I
Divine Right of Kings
Marriage to Catholic Princess!
Fought with Parliament (over taxes)
Hated puritans --- leads to Migration & Civil War

43

Parliament

England's version of congress and House of Representatives

44

What are push factors

Reasons to leave
~Jobless
~Debt
~Public Embarrassment (pillory)
~Charles I

45

What are pull factors

Reasons to stay in new country

46

The First Thanksgiving

Fall after successful harvest. Pilgrims and Indians have fun. 3 days.