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Flashcards in Union S3 Deck (13):
0

Where did the idea for the constitution come from?

Look at old governments to avoid mistakes of the past
Magna Carta-English place limits on the power of the Monarch
English Bill of Rights-basic rights for English citizens
Enlightenment-movement in the 1700s, John Locke: natural rights, Baron de Montesquieu (look at notes)

1

Federalism

Sharing power between the federal and state governments
Distinction of US government

2

Articles

Parts-three in the constitution

3

Legislative branch

Article 1 Congress makes laws
Made up of the senate (2) and house (reps=population)

4

Executive Branch

Article 2 carry out national laws and policies
tTe president: commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces, commands relations with foreign countries

5

Electoral college

Presidential electors who elect the president and the vice president each state send selectors cast votes
# of electors=states population

6

Judicial Branch

Article 3
Court system-Supreme Court

7

Checks and balances

Limits power so no single branch
Example legislative passes the bill, president can pass the bill or veto, two thirds of the legislator have to agree to override the veto
Also the Supreme Court-president elects justices, Senate approves appointments

8

Ratify

Approve

9

Federalists

Want to ratify the constitution
Sent articles and papers out
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay

10

Anti-Federalists

Opposed ratification
Not as well organized as the Federalists
Said the constitution would take away their liberties; they wanted a state government and a Bill of Rights
Patrick Henry, Mary Otis Warren

11

Patrick Henry

Anti-Federalist
Gave fiery speeches going against the constitution in Virginia

12

Amendment

Something added to a document