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Flashcards in Rev S1 Deck (19):
0

Neutral

Taking neither loyalist or patriot's side
Quakers- no armed conflict

1

Mercenaries

Hired soldiers, fighting for money
Hessians-what the Americans called them (region in Germany)

2

Recruit

Enlist-get to join

3

Who were some woman patriot fighters?

Margaret Corbin-accompanied husband. After he died in battle she took his place.
Mary Ludwig Hayes McAuley-"Moll of the Pitcher"-Molly Pitcher-(called or because she carried water pitchers to the soldiers) accompanied her husband in battle
Deborah Sampson-from Massachusetts watched her boy relatives become soldiers and dressed up as a boy to become one

4

Gen. William Howe

British commander
Hoped the size of his army would make the colonists surrender

5

Molly pitcher

Gave water to patriot solders

6

Haze

Fought in concord

7

Peter Salem

Fought in concord

8

Nathan hail

Proved himself a hero and spyed on British troops during battle of Long Island

9

William Howe

Leader of an British army to take over patriots

10

Battle of Long Island

Patriots fought William Howe and his troops
They were outnumbered and lost

11

Nathan Hale

Patriot-proved himself a hero at Long Island
Disguised as a Dutch schoolteacher-spied
Was hung-quote (see textbook)

12

Who were the 2 main African Americans in the rev.?

Lemuel Hayes, Peter Salem-fought in Concord

13

Nathan Hale

Proved himself a hero at the battle of long island
Dressed up as a Dutch teacher to spy on the British. Found and hung

14

African Americans?

Washington pleaded for more troops-will be granted freedom (Canada)
People in south were uncofertable-blacks with guns
RI-first-all states but SC enlist them in the end
Fought for the same reason-patriot cause (or just money)

15

Trenton and Princeton

Americans surprised British (Christmas night-winter)
Washington's 2400 troops cross Delaware River
Captured 900 Hessians
Lord Charles Cornwallis-British
Americans dive away the British in Princeton

16

What was the British plan? Did it work out?

Take Albany, NY-control of Hudson River and separation-NE and MC
John Burgoyn-8000 south from Canada-captured FtT. Slow and easy to see-Green Mt Boys stop people that Bur. sends-Bur. retires-Saratoga
LC Barry St Leger-East from Lk Ontario-held @ Ft Stanwix by B Arnold
Howe-move North from NYC-takes over Philadelphia and stays there

17

The Battle Of Saratoga

Bur. finally arrives at Saratoga-is expecting other forces to join him and go south
Gen. Horatio Gates blocks their path
Tried to fight, then surrenders-5700 British hand their weapons over
Gen. Howe is replaced by Gen. Henry Clinton

18

Why Loyalists supported GB

1. For jobs and $
2. Members of Anglican Church
3. Feared disorder
4. Protection
*British will win!