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Flashcards in The Colonies Grow-Sect 2 Deck (16):
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Mercantilism

A theory that states that as a nation's trade grows, its gold reserves increase, and the nation becomes more powerful

1

Import

Bought from foreign markets

2

Export

Sold abroad

3

Smuggling

Trading illegally with other nations

4

Charter colonies

Connecticut and RI
Established by colonists who had a charter

5

Proprietary colonies

Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania
Ruled by proprietors (individuals or groups to whom Britain had granted land)

6

Royal colonies

Georgia, Massachusetts, NH, NJ, NY, NC, SC, and Virginia
Britain directly ruled

7

Great Awakening

A return of the strong faith of earlier days
Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield

8

Apprentice

A learning assistant

9

Literacy

The ability to read and write

10

The Enlightenment

The idea that knowledge, reason, and science could improve society

11

What was the Glorious Revolution?

Protestants William and Mary overthrow James II and put Mary on crown

12

English Bill of Rights

Limited power of Crown (James II did not like)
Established power of parliament
The basic rights of the English citizens

13

Parliament

Power to make laws and tax
House of Lords/House of Commons

14

Salutary Neglect

England let Colonies trade with no (and then few) restrictions British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of laws in hopes to keep the colonies obedient
Beneficial Neglect?: Slack on rules = good for Colonial development (in most part let colonies govern themselves)

15

Navigation Acts

Make sure only England benefited from trade with the colonies
Merchants could not use foreign ships
Prohibited certain goods outside of England’s empire