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Flashcards in Union S2 Deck (16):
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Depression

A period when economic activity slowed and unemployment increased

1

Daniel Shays

Leader of farmers rebellion
Attacks court houses in jails
Uprising stops because of militia

2

Springfield

Massachusetts
Shays goes there for arms and ammunition
Rebellion is stopped

3

Impact of Shays rebellion

Frightened Americans because they wondered if the government could really protect them

4

Manumission

The freeing of individual enslaved persons

5

James Madison

Virginia planter active in the movement for change

6

Alexander Hamilton

New York lawyer
Proposed convention in Philadelphia to discuss trade issues
George Washington did not agree but Shays rebellion convinced him

7

Father of the Constitution

James Madison-author of basic plan of government

8

The Virginia plan

James Madison
Two house legislator, executive branch chose by 2 House Legislator, Court system
Lower house chosen by people, upper house chosen by lower house

9

Proportional

Corresponding in size
Number of representatives were proportional to each state's population
Ex.: Virginia reps>Delaware reps

10

William Paterson

He's from New Jersey
Virginia plan-he said all states not represented equally
He proposed a new plan called the New Jersey plan

11

New Jersey plan

William Paterson proposed it
One house legislator, one vote per state
Congress could tax and trade
Executive branch has more than one person
A change to the articles of Confederation

12

Roger Sherman

Connecticut-suggested the great compromise

13

Great Compromise

Two house legislator: the House of Representatives and the Senate
The House of Representatives was the lower house and the number of people it it would vary according to the state
The Senate was the upper house and there were two members

14

Compromise

An agreement of two or more sides were each side gives up some of what it wants

15

3/5 compromise

Each enslaved persons votes counted 3/5 of a free person's votes for taxation and representation
Example 3 free people had as much say as 5 enslaved people