Sect 3 and 4 Flashcards Preview

History > Sect 3 and 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sect 3 and 4 Deck (25):
0

New York

King Charles II gives the colony to his brother the Duke of York
Proprietary colony-owner/proprietor owned all the land and controlled the govt.
The Duke promised freedom of religion
Finally allowed to elect a government

1

James II

Brother of Charles II
2nd son of monarch
Duke of York
Gets New Amsterdam
Calls it New York

2

New Netherlands

Settlements along Hudson River

3

Patroons

Rich land owners in New Amsterdam

4

Henry Hudson

First Dutch in Americas-looking for NW passage

5

Peter Minuit

Dutch-Purchased land from Manhats and established New Amsterdam

6

Peter Stuyvesant

Governer of New Amsterdam-lots hated him-English come into New Amsterdam and he surrenders immediately.

7

Restoration

Monarchy (Charles II) is restored

8

New Jersey

Berkeley and Cateret were given a present from James II-Southern part of New York-Names it New Jersey after island where Cataret was born-free land-religious freedom-jury decides your fate-representative gov. No Nateral harbor so they sell it. Becomes a royal colony-King and queen rules it

9

Pennsylvania

William Penn-Charles II was in debt to him and his debt was repayed with land (Pennsylvania) instead of money-Penn is pumped because Pennsylvania is as big as England-Quakers

10

Quakers

Individual relationship with God (don’t need the church)
Inner light (guide to salvation)
Passive(refuse to use force)-Pacifists
bow to no one
Everyone is equal

11

Delaware

Because Pennsylvania got too big

12

How did William Penn get people to come to Pennsylvania?

He advertised! He put the word out saying that his colony has freedom of religion and it's the coolest and everyone can come

13

Philadelphia

City of brotherly love
"Holy experiment”-allow Quakers to come
1st town planner-William Penn
Penn says that "Land owned by the Natives (colonist need to pay for it)"

14

Indentured servants

To pay for their passage to America, they agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time

15

Sir George Calvert (Lord Baltimore)

Established Maryland-Virgin Mary or Henrietta Maria (English queen)
Wanted a place for Catholics
Wanted a fortune
Charles I gave him a proprietary colony
Died

16

Cecilius Calvert

Inherited Maryland after his dad (George Calvert) died
Never settled there, only his two brothers
Brothers sailed up the Potomac River

17

Baltimore

Maryland's port
Largest settlement

18

Mason-Dixon Line

The dividing line between Maryland and Pennsylvania

19

Act of Toleration

To protect Catholics, Baltimore gave
people religious freedom

20

Nathaniel Bacon

Rebel in Virginia
Went to fight Native Americans against Berkeley's will
Sudden death kept him from taking charge of Virginia

21

Charles Town

8 proprietors sent to the Carolinas
Selling and renting land
Settlers arrive and establish Charles Town
Later called Charleston

22

Eliza Lucas

Developed indigo-used to dye textiles
Important Carolina crop

23

Georgia

James Oglethorpe received a charter to create a colony where English
debtors (those who are unable to pay their debt) and poor people could
make a fresh start.
Protection from Spain

24

Constitution

Plan of government