The Colonies Grow-Sect 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Colonies Grow-Sect 1 Deck (31):
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Subsistence Farming

Farmers in NE
They generally produced just enough to meet the needs of their families

1

Triangular trade

Trade routes that formed a triangle (Africa, WI, Europe)

2

Cash crops

Crops that could be sold easily in markets in the colonies and overseas

3

Diversity

Variety
Cultures found in the Middle Colonies were diverse; Dutch, Swedish, etc...

4

Back-country

Region west of the tidewater
Hills and forests climbing up toward Appalachian Mts.

5

Tidewater

A region of flat, low lying plains along the seacoast

6

Overseers

Bosses that kept the slaves working hard

7

Slave codes

Strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of enslaved Africans

8

What was farming like in NE?

Bad; there was lots of rocky soil and long winters

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What was farming like in The Middle Colonies?

Better that NE; growing season longer and richer soil

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What was farming like in the southern colonies?

The best; tidewater region helps with good soil and longer growing season

11

Growing season

The time of year where plants grow best

12

Fall line

The area where water is flowing from a high place to a low place where waterfalls are formed

13

Industry

All the businesses that make one kind of product or provide one kind of service

14

Export

A product sent to another one country and sold

15

Import

A product brought into one country from another country

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Middle passage

The voyage from Africa to the West Indies

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Slave trade

The business of buying and selling human beings

18

Imports of NE

Tea, spices, manufactured goods

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Exports of NE

Fish, lumber

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What did women and girls do in NE?

Food, soap, candles, clothes, and helps at harvest time

21

What did men and boys do in NE?

Farmed, cared for animals, fixed buildings

22

What should I do after I finish studying these flashcards?

Study notes and keynote and chart
Do EC

23

Free Market Economy

An economy in which the people, not the government decide what will be produced

24

Free Enterprise

A system in which people may start any business that they believe will suceed

25

Artisan

Someone who is skilled at making something by hand

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Laborer

A person who does hard physical work

27

Apprentice

Someone who studies with a master to learn a skill or business

28

Indigo

A plant that can be made into a dark blue dye

29

Overseer

A person who watches and directs the work of other people

30

Spiritual

An African American religious folk song