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Flashcards in Ser and Estar Deck (253)
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31

May be followed by a preposition, and adverb of place, a present participle (gerund), a past participle, or an adjective.

Estar

32

Expresses location (usually followed by a preposition or an adverb).

Estar

33

Cancún ___en México.

Estar (está). Cancún is in México.

34

La ropa ___ en la gaveta.

Estar (está). The clothes are in the drawer.

35

La playa ___ lejos de nuestra casa.

Estar (está). The beach is far from our home.

36

Combined with present participle (-ndo form) forms progressive tenses.

Estar

37

___ ensayando todo el día.

Estar (Estuvimos). We were rehearsing the whole day.

38

___ hablando mád de la cuenta.

Estar (Estás). You are talking too much.

39

Combined with adjectives or past participles, it refers to a condition or state of the subject.

Estar

40

No pude filmar la escena, porque mi cámara ____ rota.

Estar (estaba). I couldn't film the scene because my camera was broken.

41

Anita ___ triste y enferma.

Estar (está). Anita is sad and sick.

42

A pesar de la operación, ___ peor.

Estar (estaba). In spite of the operation, she was worse.

43

Occasionally it is combined with adverbs of place to refer to location. Such is the case of a person who gives directions to a taxi driver saying, "___ allí en la esquina."

Ser (Es). My destination is (that place) over there.

44

Used with an adjective or past participle, it may refer to a characteristic of the subject as viewed subjectively by the speaker or writer. Often conveys the idea of: "to look, to feel, to seem, to act".

Estar

45

Usted ___ muy pálida hoy.

Estar (está). You are very pale today. (You look pale to me.)

46

Ayer vi a tu niño; ___ muy alto.

Estar (está). I saw your child yesterday; he is very tall. (In the speaker's opinion, the child has grown a lot.)

47

Sarita ___ muy amable con nosotros en la fiesta.

Estar (estuvo). Sarita was (acted) very nice to us a the party.

48

Nace frío hoy, pero, qué calientita ___ el agua de mi piscina!

Estar (está). It's cold today but the water in my swimming pool is (feels) nice and warm.

49

____ + past participle refers to a state or condition resulting from a previous action.

Estar

50

El espejo ___ roto; lo rompieron los niños.

Estar (está). The mirror is broken; the children broke it.

51

La puerta ___ cerrada; la había cerrado el portero.

Estar (estaba). The door was closed; the doorman had closed it.

52

___ casados varios años, pero ahora ___ divorciados.

Estar (Estuvieron) (están). They were married for several years but they are now divorced.

53

___ + past participle = action

Ser

54

___ + past participle = resulting state or condition

Estar

55

Ser caliente (animate reference)

"hot"(vulgar), passionate (sexual connotation; characteristic)

56

Ser caliente (inanimate reference)

warm (normally of warm temperature)

57

Ser frío (animate reference)

cold (having a cold personality)

58

Ser frío (inanimate reference)

cold (normally of cold temperature)

59

Ser friolento

sensitive to the cold

60

Estar caliente (animate reference)

hot (to the touch); hot (vulgar) (sexual connotation; condition)