Flashcards in Ser and Estar Deck (253)
May be followed by a preposition, and adverb of place, a present participle (gerund), a past participle, or an adjective.
Expresses location (usually followed by a preposition or an adverb).
Cancún ___en México.
Estar (está). Cancún is in México.
La ropa ___ en la gaveta.
Estar (está). The clothes are in the drawer.
La playa ___ lejos de nuestra casa.
Estar (está). The beach is far from our home.
Combined with present participle (-ndo form) forms progressive tenses.
___ ensayando todo el día.
Estar (Estuvimos). We were rehearsing the whole day.
___ hablando mád de la cuenta.
Estar (Estás). You are talking too much.
Combined with adjectives or past participles, it refers to a condition or state of the subject.
No pude filmar la escena, porque mi cámara ____ rota.
Estar (estaba). I couldn't film the scene because my camera was broken.
Anita ___ triste y enferma.
Estar (está). Anita is sad and sick.
A pesar de la operación, ___ peor.
Estar (estaba). In spite of the operation, she was worse.
Occasionally it is combined with adverbs of place to refer to location. Such is the case of a person who gives directions to a taxi driver saying, "___ allí en la esquina."
Ser (Es). My destination is (that place) over there.
Used with an adjective or past participle, it may refer to a characteristic of the subject as viewed subjectively by the speaker or writer. Often conveys the idea of: "to look, to feel, to seem, to act".
Usted ___ muy pálida hoy.
Estar (está). You are very pale today. (You look pale to me.)
Ayer vi a tu niño; ___ muy alto.
Estar (está). I saw your child yesterday; he is very tall. (In the speaker's opinion, the child has grown a lot.)
Sarita ___ muy amable con nosotros en la fiesta.
Estar (estuvo). Sarita was (acted) very nice to us a the party.
Nace frío hoy, pero, qué calientita ___ el agua de mi piscina!
Estar (está). It's cold today but the water in my swimming pool is (feels) nice and warm.
____ + past participle refers to a state or condition resulting from a previous action.
El espejo ___ roto; lo rompieron los niños.
Estar (está). The mirror is broken; the children broke it.
La puerta ___ cerrada; la había cerrado el portero.
Estar (estaba). The door was closed; the doorman had closed it.
___ casados varios años, pero ahora ___ divorciados.
Estar (Estuvieron) (están). They were married for several years but they are now divorced.
___ + past participle = action
___ + past participle = resulting state or condition
Ser caliente (animate reference)
"hot"(vulgar), passionate (sexual connotation; characteristic)
Ser caliente (inanimate reference)
warm (normally of warm temperature)
Ser frío (animate reference)
cold (having a cold personality)
Ser frío (inanimate reference)
cold (normally of cold temperature)
sensitive to the cold