Give ten retroperitoneal structures
SAD PUCKERS S = Suprarenal glands (aka the adrenal glands), ] A = Aorta/IVC, D = Duodenum (second and third segments ) P = Pancreas U = Ureters C = Colon (only the ascending and descending branches) K = Kidneys E = Esophagus R = Rectum.
At what verterbal level would you find the upper pole of the left kidney?
At what vertebral level would you find the upper pole of the right kidney?
Where does the left renal vein pass in relation to the abdominal aorta? Why is this significant?
Passes anterior to it If AAA develops, renal vein may be occluded
What is 1?
Label the image
Interlobar artery 2
Arcuate artery 3
Interlobular arteries 4
Renal vein 8
Interlobar vein 7
Arcuate vein 6
Interlobular veins 5
In a female, what surgery would you be worried about damaging the ureter?
Hysterectomy, may mistake ureter for uterine artery
How long is the male and female urethra?
Male - 20cm
Female - 4cm
Give the four sections of the male urethra
Penile urethra -> Membranous urethra -> Prostatic urethra -> Pre-prostatic urethra
Where is the female urethral opening?
Vaginal vestibule between anterior ends of labia minora and the clitoris