Session 10 - Notes Flashcards Preview

Semester 3 - Urinary > Session 10 - Notes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Session 10 - Notes Deck (5)
1

What are the three most likely causes of dark brown urine in a woman?

UTI
Acute tubular necrosis``

2

What investigations are done to assess renal status?

Dipstick of urine - blood, protein. MSU - exclude urine infection; find out if urine suggests
nephritis - RBCs in urine, red cell cast

Serum creatinine and urea - exclude acute renal failure

Serum sodium and potassium - exclude hyperkalemia which may be urgently life
threatening

Ultrasound of kidneys - ensures no evidence of CKD, exclude severe parenchymal renal
infection, abscess

3

What investigations are done to assess infection?

Haemoglobin - normochromic anaemia
White cell count and differential - neutrophilia - but not specific for infection
Blood culture
Chest radiograph - pneumonia can occur without physical sign
CRP - along with other acute phase proteins not diagnostic; often raised in immune
disease, higher in infection
MSU and blood cultures [repeated] - no growth
Hb 100.5 g/L, WCC 16x109/L - 90% neutrophils CxR – normal

4

How can lupus be investigated?

Anti nuclear antiboidies
Low C3 and C4

5

What physical signs are compatible with volume depletion?

sunken eyes
dry nose or mouth mucous membrane
longitudinal furrows on the tongue