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Flashcards in Slaughter 2 Deck (100)
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What does the EU health mark signify?

That food has been produced to current standards of hygienic food production in licensed premises and allows food to be traced back to those premises


On what products is the EU health mark required?

All animal products for human consumption e.g. milk


What information is included on the EU health mark?

- Country
- Producer
- European Community (EC)


Outline the Third Country approval procedure

- National authority submits formal request
- Must include: type of animal/product, anticipated volume of trade, main importing EU countries, class of animals, description of minimum treatment, number and type of establishments considered to meet EU requirements
- Questionnaire sent to and filled out by National Authority
- Bilateral contracts between NA and Commission
- On the spot inspection organised with FVO
- Report of inspection sent to NA, Commission, EU parliament, Member States
- Draft legislation to add 3d country
- Proposed legislation adopted by Commission


What is the purpose of Third Country approval for imports

Ensure animal products imported have been produced under the same legislation and to the same standard as in EU countries


Who has the responsibility for the health, welfare and food hygiene in the slaughterhouse?

The processing company


What is the Clean Livestock Policy?

- Policy that applies to sheep and cattle
- Ensures farmer has the responsibility to bring only clean and dry animals to slaughter


What happens to animals that are identified as not fit for slaughter on AMI?

Are killed but disposed of as ABP


What are the requirements regarding slaughter of TB reactors?

- Must be sent to specific approved slaughterhouses
- Following their slaughter need to clean and disinfect the processing area
- Place at end of processing line


Outline the responsibilities of the FBO

- Ensure all animals presented to OV
- Ensure only healthy animals accepted for human slaughter
- Identification of animals (match to passports and FCI)


Why can animals that are DOA not enter the human food chain?

No AMI was carried out


What are the requirements to enable animals to be accepted into the slaughterhouse?

- Proper ID
- Accompanied by relevant information
- No movement restrictions (unless permitted by Competent Authority)
- Clean and healthy
- Satisfactory welfare


What must be done if requirements for entry into slaughterhouse are not met?

- FBO must notify OV
- Use isolation facilities for suspect animals


What are the roles of the OV in the slaughterhouse?

- Verify FBO compliance
- PMI in certain conditions


How is cleanliness of animals assessed in slaughterhouses?

- Visual inspection
- Categorised 1-5


Describe the appearance and consequences for a category 1 cleanliness animal

- Dry, clean with regard to dung/dirt
- Very minor amounts of loosely adherent straw/bedding
- Accepted for slaughter without any special treatment


Describe the appearance and consequences for a category 2 cleanliness animal

- Slightly dirty, dry/damp
- Light contamination with dirt/dung
- Small amounts of loosely adherent straw/bedding
- Accepted for slaughter without special treatment


Describe the appearance and consequences for a category 3 cleanliness animal

- Dirty
- Dry/damp
- Significant contamination with dirt/dung
- Significant amounts of adherent straw/bedding
- rejected for slaughter except in exceptional circumstances e.g. animal welfare grounds, disease control reasons


Describe the appearance and consequences for a category 4 cleanliness animal

- Very dirty
- Dry/damp
- Heavily contaminated with dirt/dung
- Significant amounts of adherent bedding
- Should not enter production line
- Rejected for slaughter except in exceptional circumstances e.g. animal welfare disease control reasons
- May have procedures in place to allow slaughter e.g. placing last in slaughter line, slow line to allow staff cleaning between animals, minimise splashing


Describe the appearance and consequences for a category 5 cleanliness animal

- Filthy, wet
- Very heavy contamination with dirt/dung
- Lots of adherent bedding
- Rejected for slaughter, should not be unloaded and sent back to farm, should not have been sent to slaughter


What are the aims of AMI?

- Establish fitness for human consumption
- Notifiable disease surveillance
- Animal welfare monitoring


What happens if notifiable disease or welfare issue on farm is suspected?

APHA informed


What happens if welfare issue during transport is suspected?

Trading Standards Agency informed


What is required by the OV in order to carry out the AMI effectively?

- Light
- Space
- Facilities
- Assistance
- Time
- Proper equipment (PPE, torch, thermometer, stethoscope)


Give examples of notifiable diseases that may be identified on AMI in cattle

- Anthrax
- Aujeszky's
- Bluetongue
- Brucellosis
- Enzootic bovine leukosis
- Lumpy skin disease
- Rift valley fever
- Rinderpest
- bTB
- Vesicular stomatitis
- Warble fly


Outline the considerations when pneumonia is suspected on AMI

- In cow: discharge from nostrils, foaming at mouth
- Some respiratory distress
- Should not have been transported
- Withdrawal period from drugs a concern
- Emaciation may occur with systemic disease
- May have had special certification to allow travel
- First in line to minimise standing time


Outline the considerations following finding of ringworm on AMI

- Common in cattle
- Only an issue as potential zoonotic infection via contact
- Nothing of major concern on AMI


Outline the considerations following identification of orf on AMI

- Zoonotic by contact
- Extensive/advanced disease highlights welfare issue on farm
- Likely to be associated with emaciated animal
- Report to APHA and trading standards if extensive and causing welfare issue


Outline considerations followig sudden death at slaughterhouse

- Anthrax
- May also be electrocution, clostridial disease
- May be zoonotic
- Report to APHA
- Blood test from ear


What test is used to identify anthrax?

Staining of blood sample with polychromemethylene blue (violet pink surrounded by pink halo indicates anthrax)