Sleep Apnoea and Neuromuscular Respiratory failure Flashcards Preview

Respiratory Block > Sleep Apnoea and Neuromuscular Respiratory failure > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sleep Apnoea and Neuromuscular Respiratory failure Deck (14):
1

What does daytime somnolence mean?

A strong desire for sleep during the day

2

WHat is Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome associated with?

Heavy snoring
Unrefreshing sleep
Daytime somnolence
Poor daytime concentration

3

What is the name given to only partial obstruction of the airways during sleep?

Sleep hypopnoea

4

What is microarousal?

When the body goes from a deep sleep to a lighter sleep

5

What is the percentage of women that have sleep apnoea?

1%

6

What score on the Epworth sleepiness scale would be considered a risk in terms of sleep apnoea?

11/24

7

How is desaturation rate measured?

Sum of apnoeas and hypopneas per hour

8

What are relieving factors in terms of OSAS?

Weight reduction
Alcohol avoidance

9

CPAP is a treatment that uses what?

Mild air pressure to keep the airways open

10

What does a mandibular repositioning splint do?

Holds the lower jaw and tongue forward allowing more space to breathe and preventing snoring

11

What are the 4 main symptoms of narcolepsy?

Cataplexy
Excessive daytime somnolence
Hypnagogic Hallucinations
Sleep paralysis

12

What is chronic ventilatory failure also known as?

Type 2 respiratory failure

13

What happens to the partial pressure of CO2 during chronic ventilatory failure?

It is elevated

14

What happens to pH during chronic ventilatory failure?

Nothing - it remains normal