Flashcards in socialisation factors Deck (22)
list the 5 socialisation factors:
What do these factors aim for you to become?
to be productive, law abiding members of society and community
how each affects you will be individual experiences therefore end result is a unique individual
What is the factor of family?
-family influences are product of VALUES (honesty, work ethic), SOCIAL NORMS, ATTITUDES (manners) you DEVELOP as you grow up.
- play crucial role in establishing sense of identity and self esteem
-makes up most of your immediate MICRO WORLD environment and is normally the most INFLUENTIAL socialisation agent
WHat is the traditional family like?
- traditionally, family nuclear, consisting of mum, dad and children. ONly 45% are nuclear today in AUS. Lived as self retained unit and father was major source of income
What social changes are affecting concept of family?
- since 1970s, emergence of women's movement and changing status of women
began to develop into two income family (mum and dad working)
- rise of divorce rates and marriage break ups. (rise in acceptance of it as before thought to be disgrace)
- emergence of single parented households
- acceptance of homosexuality -> development of same sex couples
- homosexual family unit could emerge s norm overtime.
Until when is family the main socialisation agent?
- about 6 years old. after that shifts to other factors.
What do children before 6 years old learn in family?
- develop PHYSICAL AND INTELLECTUAL abilities
- learn to CONTROL AND DIRECT their emotions
- formulate their first notions about NATURE of the world and their PLACE in it.
- learn to use LANGUAGE
- begin to absorb and imitate values and attitudes of parents.
What are the 4 major goals of childhood socialisation from society's POV?
1. teach self control
2. transmit basic cultural values.
3. develop necessary basic skills useful in life
4. encourage appropriate behaviour through fam interaction
Who are peers?
-people of your own age with whom you share your experience of growing up and often same social position
-they are friends, acquaintances with whom we interact.
-most influence during childhood
- ppl from local area, school or those drawn from common interests such as sport club or special interest groups.
- can be part of more than one peer group
What are the key roles of peers and what do they provide?
-expose person to new viewpoints that differ from those of your family
- important to help indiv. make place in society as equals and helping end period of childhood dependence on adults.
- provide sub culture distinct from adult world
- provides new sense of identity such a shared interests, style of dressing and even teen slang
structure of peer groups?
informal structures often have unwritten rules of membership that are accepted by all members and it is through this process that a form of learning takes place.
IMpact of peer group?
- although not same for everyone, same effect on development of your sense of identity and self esteem.
- feeling of security of being part of peer group;s recognised as key factor in development of strong sense of identity in young ppl.
Importance of school?
- important influence in formal years because of role in education, training, disciplining and instilling partic. values.
- crucial in the curriculum and extra curricular activities.
-1st agency outside family that assumes some responsibility for socialising children and teach knowledge, skills and attitudes that children need in order to become socialised/integrated into society.
- role in value individual places upon edu and important skills such as ability to discuss, reason and work in groups, that become valuable in adult life.
what is function of school/education?
-transmission of cultural knowledge (language, history, discoveries etc.)
- affected by peer groups aswell as placed in close proximity
-teachers also play imp roles
- can give confidence before entering adult world. but also lose confidence
- subject: oppo. to express your own views and hear others.
- help individual select and learn social roles and ensure adequate supply of trained ppl to full needed positions in workforces.
What do each school have?
- culture and traditions
- public or private, secular or denominational, each is an institution with customs, rules and agreed ways of behaving, and these cultures and traditions influence students both positively and negatively.
What is media?
- agent that conveys news, entertainment and info
- 'mass media' plays powerful roles in society (tv, newspaper, films, magazines, vids/DVD, internet)
What is the affect of media?
- ability to influence our ideas, opinions, attitudes and images of the world. -> shape our opinions, actions and behaviour from images and descriptions.
- it is difficult to avoid any influence of media in 'media age'.
- GLOBALISATION: key agent of soc/ion (communication brought ppl together. )
What is the important of TV?
- important especially for children
- some tv programs integrated with other socialising agents and reinforce values taught at home and in school (e.g. dora the explorer) but concern that some ideas and vales learnt from TV conflict with those taught by other socialising agents ie. violence and antisocial attitudes.
- not a fixed factor (can move from one location to another)
- understanding way human activity distributed in space and time can be important in analysing social life.
- Space and place related to socioeconomic status, class, gender, ethnicity etc. (working class and upper class area affect sense of self)
differences according to location?
- social in diff ways based on rural or urban areas.
- disadvantaged location: difficult to avoid that sense of permeating through community.
- fortunate: positive affect in development of identity.
- stereotypes depending on location
changing or stability of location
- stability of location: littles experiences of adapting to change. may be difficult than those experienced a variety of location during life.
- changing locations: develop sense of identity, may exhibit certain beliefs and behaviours allowing acception into new location/enviro.
- development of sense of social and personal identity occurs as result of adjustment to locational change