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Flashcards in Spinal deformities Deck (11):
1

What are some spinal emergencies?

Cauda equina syndrome
Fracture with deteriorating neurology

2

What is the initial steps following a fracture to the spine?

Immobilise
X-ray
Remember there may be other injuries

3

what needs to be established in the patient with a spinal fracture?

Motor level
Sensory level
Status of the saddle area

4

What must be seen in a cervical spine examination?

Make sure x-ray shows C7/T1
Rigid collar

5

What must be done in thoracolumbar injuries

Visualise whole spine
Rigid spine board
Most commonly at T12 or L1

6

What are potential problems, secondary to cord damage?

Cord swelling
Oedema
Ischaemia
Thrombosis of small vessels
venous obstruction

7

On the Frankel/ASIA grading scale, what is I or A

Complete motor and sensory loss

8

On the Frankel/ASIA grading scale, what is II or B?

Complete motor and incomplete sensory loss

9

On the Frankel/ASIA grading scale, what is III or C?

Incomplete motor loss - no practical use

10

On the Frankel/ASIA grading scale, what is IV or D?

Useful motor and incomplete sensory

11

On the Frankel/ASIA grading scale, what is V or E?

Normal motor and sensory function