Flashcards in Sports Med 1 Deck (38)
Spear Tackler's spine results in:
1) Loss of physiologic cervical lordosis
2) Cervical stenosis
3) Arthritic Changes
What is a stinger?
Symptoms are burning or skocking pain down the arm.
Cause: Brachial Plexus stretch
May get arm numbness or weakness
* C-5 is most common: Biceps, Deltoid, supraspinatus, infraspinatus
Most common level of cervical spine fracture
C5-6 (C4-5 and C6-7) next most common
Most common cause of cervical spine fracture
Leading with the head ( called Axial load(
Most common cause of lower thoracic spine fracture
Fall, axial load increase
Lumbar spine fracture location?
PARS (between the superior and inferior facets)
What muscles make up the rotator cuff
Weak empty can test?
Are most shoulder dislocations anterior or posterior?
What is a sublexation?
Partial dislocation where humerus was just barely out of the glenoid fossa
What is a SLAP tear?
Acromiclavicular joint separation cause
Usually a fall on the tip of the shoulder
How many grades of AC joint separation are there?
Grade 1- ligaments are just stretched, tender on AC joint b/c of partial tear to AC ligament
Grade 2- tearing of Acromioclavicular ligament, but coracoclavicular still in tact. Clavicle will rise
Grade 3- all ligaments torn
Clavicle will rise all the way up
Most frequently fractured bone in the body is
Criteria for surgery of clavicle fracture?
Must be skeletally mature
Fragmentation of the fracture site is a bad thing
More than 100% displacement
More than 2cm of bone overlap
Little leaguers elbow. Lateral part of elbow
Symptoms of OCD
poorly localized elbow pain, aggravated with use, loose body-catching of elbow
Cause of OCD?
articular forces during throwing, compressive loads
How much flexion strength do you lose with a proximal biceps rupture>
What about a distal biceps rupture?
about 15% but you lose 50% of supination strength
Pain over the medial side of the elbow?
Ulnar collateral Ligament injury
- pain is intensified with throwing maneeuver
-swelling and bruising occur
- numbness and tingling of ring and little finger
Tommy John Surgery
Tenderness in the snuff box, often hard to see on x-ray
Scaphoid bone is difficult to heal because it is mostly cortical bone, not much marrow capacity
Jersey finger symptoms
cant flex the DIP. Usually a tear at the flexor digitorum profundus insertion
Extensor tendon injury . Cant extend the DIP
Most common cause of Lumbar spine stress fracture of the PARS
Inappropriate weight lifting in young adolescent males
Most common sites of Lumbar disk herniation
L4/L5 and L5/S1
Which direction of shoulder dislocation is more common, anterior or posterior?