Subjunctive Noun Clauses (also ch.4 in general) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Subjunctive Noun Clauses (also ch.4 in general) Deck (108)
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31

lograr

to succeed in, bring about that

32

mandar

to order

33

obligar a

to force

34

oponerse a

to oppose

35

ordenar

to order

36

pedir

to ask (someone to do something)

37

permitir

to allow

38

preferir

to prefer

39

procurar

to try

40

prohibir

to forbid

41

proponer

to propose

42

querer

to want, wish

43

recomendar

to reccomend

44

rogar

to beg

45

sugerir

to suggest

46

suplicar

to beg, implore

47

Sometimes verbs of communication like decir, telefonear, and escribir convey the idea of volition or preference. In this case, the verb in the dependent clause is in the subjuctive. When the verb of communication merely introduces a fact, the subjunctive is not used.

Laura dice que cambies la fecha de tu viaje. Laura says for you to change the date of your trip.
Le escribiré que espere nuestra llegada. I will write him (asking him) to wait for our arrival.
Laura dice que vas a cambiar la fecha de tu viaje. Laura says that you are going to change teh date of our trip.
Le escribiré que esperamos su llegada. I will write him that we are waiting for his arrival.

48

Some verbs of influence allow an alternate infinitive construction:

Dejar, hacer, impedir, invitar a, mandar, obligar a, permitir, and prohibir. Dejar, hacer, invitar a, and obligar a, take a direct object pronoun while impedir, mandar, permitir, and prohibir take an indirect object pronoun.

49

Sus padres no la dejan que salga su novio.

Sus padres no la dejan salir con su novio. Her parents don't let her go out with her boyfriend.

50

Te prohíbo que me hables de esa manera.

Te prohíbo hablarme de esa manera. I forbid you to speak to me (in) that way.

51

Siempre la invitan a que cene con ellos.

Siempre la invitan a cenar con ellos. They always invite her to have dinner with them.

52

El maestro le mandó que escribiera en la pizarra.

El maestro le mandó escribir en la pizarra. The teacher asked him to write on the board.

53

Expressions of Emotion: The subjunctive is required in Spanish in a dependent clause when the verb in the main clause expresses feelings of emotion:

Regret, fear, pity, hope, surprise, etc.

54

Esperamose que pueda Ud. quedarse unos días más.

We hope you can stay a few more days.

55

Él siente mucho que ella esté enferma.

He is very sorry that she is sick.

56

Me sorprende que hayas perdido la billetera.

I am surprised that you have lost your wallet.

57

If there isno change of subject, the infinitive is used.

Espero poder quedarme unos días más. I hope I can stay a few more days.
Él siente mucho enfermo. He is very sorry that he is sick.
Me sorprende haber perdido la billetera. I am surprised that I have lost my wallet.

58

admirar (le) (a uno)

to be astonished

59

alegrarse de, alegrar(le) (a uno)

to be glad

60

celebrar

to be glad